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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

02 Oct 2019

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Pakistan, Malaysia and Turkey To Jointly Launch BBC Type Channel To Counter Islamophobia

  •  The governments of Pakistan, Turkey and Malaysia will launch a BBC type English television channel to highlight the issues of Muslims and fight Islamophobia in the West.
  • The channel proposal was discussed at a meeting between Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Pakistan premier Imran Khan on the sidelines of the 74th United Nations General Assembly in New York.

ENVIRONMENT

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Nitin Gadkari Launches Cow Dung Soaps, Bamboo Bottles

  •  Union Minister Nitin Gadkari launched soaps made of cow dung and bamboo water bottles manufactured by Khadi and Village Industries Commission.
  • The minister said he is a proponent of organic farming and its benefits.
  • MSME minister Gadkari also asked well performing export units to get listed on the National Stock Exchange, and said the ministry has proposed a scheme which entails 10 per cent equity participation by the Central government in such listed micro, small and medium enterprises.
  • 20 MSMEs were registered on the National Stock Exchange and are entering the capital market. A scheme has been formulated and sent to the Finance Ministry whereby 10 per cent equity will be contributed by government.

Mobile App To Generate Digital Database Of Wetlands

  •  A mobile app has been developed to collect complete datasets on smaller wetlands across the coastal region of the country.
  • The app was developed by the Space Applications Centre of Indian Space Research Organisation on a request from the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) in line with a memorandum of understanding between them.
  • The mobile app is aimed to generate a centralised digital database of the smaller wetlands (2.2 ha or below) across the country.
  • Such smaller wetlands cover an area of more than five lakh hectares across the country, while Kerala has 2,592 smaller wetlands.
  • The app will be used to collect field level data of the wetlands that include geospatial profile, size, water and soil quality, farmed species, pollution status, illegal construction and biodiversity specialities.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

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WTO Cuts Global Trade Growth Forecasts For 2019 To 1.2% Amid Slowdown

  • The WTO sharply cut global trade growth forecasts for 2019 to 1.2 per cent from the earlier 2.6 per cent, mainly due to trade tensions and sluggish global economy.
  • This growth projection will not augur well for India, as it is struggling to increase its exports.
  • World merchandise trade volumes are now expected to rise by only 1.2 per cent in 2019, substantially slower than the 2.6 per cent growth forecast made in April, 2019.

M&M Forms JV With Ford

  •  Mahindra & Mahindra formed a joint venture (JV) with Ford Motor Company after buying a 51 per cent stake in the Indian unit of the US auto major.
  • The venture will manage Ford's Indian operations.
  • The completion of the transaction is expected to take place by the mid of 2020. The likely equity value for M&M's 51 per cent stake will be Rs 657 crore.

TRAI Prescribes Rate Of Rs 6.46 For Mobile Number Portability Service

  •  Telecom regulator TRAI prescribed nearly 66 per cent cut in per transaction charge to Rs 6.46 for port out services offered by mobile number portability service providers (MNPSPs).
  • The regulations would come into effect from November 11, 2019.

SPORTS

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Annu Rani Becomes First Indian Woman to Reach World Championship Javelin Final

  •  Annu Rani became the first Indian to reach the finals of the women's javelin throw event in the World Championships in Doha.
  • The 27-year-old, who finished third in Group A, threw the javelin 62.43m in her second attempt and emerged as the fifth-best performer of the qualification round.
  • In the process, Annu also smashed her national record of 62.43m, which she had achieved in March, 2019.
  • The Indian opened with a 57.05m throw before coming up with her career-best throw in the second round.
  • Annu failed to cross the automatic qualification mark of 63.50m, as she could only manage a throw of 60.50m in her third and final attempt.

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Ramvilas Paswan Launches App For Registering Consumer Grievances

  •  Union Minister Ramvilas Paswan launched a consumer app that would help consumers across the nation to register their grievances online and give suggestions on several consumer-related issues.
  • This app will be available for both Android and IOS users, can be downloaded free of cost from Play Store or Apple Store.
  • Ministry officials claimed that the consumer complaints will be redressed at least within 20 days and a maximum of 60 days.

AIM, ATL and UNICEF India Launches 'The Gandhian Challenge'

  •  On the 150th birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, AIM, NITI Aayog's Atal Tinkering Labs (ATL) and UNICEF India, including Generation Unlimited, have launched 'The Gandhian Challenge'.
  • This innovation challenge provides a platform for every child across India to ideate innovative solutions for a sustainable India of their dreams, using Gandhi's principles.
  • The winners of The Gandhian Challenge will be awarded in New Delhi by NITI Aayog's Atal Innovation Mission and UNICEF on the occasion of Children's Day in November, 2019.
  • The contest – open for every child in India from 2 October to 20 October, 2019 – also celebrates 70 years of partnership between Government of India and UNICEF India to enable Every Right for Every Child.

DEFENCE

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South Korea Shows Its US-made F-35 Stealth Jets For 1st Time

  •  South Korea displayed some of its newly purchased U.S.-made F-35 stealth fighter jets for the first time during its Armed Forces Day ceremony, a development that will likely infuriate rival North Korea.
  • Under its biggest-ever weapons purchase, South Korea is to buy 40 F-35 fighter jets from Lockheed Martin by 2021. 

PERSONS IN NEWS

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Surjit S Bhalla Appointed as Executive Director for India at IMF

  •  Eminent economist Surjit S Bhalla was appointed as the Executive Director for India on the board of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • Bhalla (71) succeeded former RBI deputy governor Subir Gokarn, who died in the US on July 30, 2019 after a brief illness.
  • Gokarn, who died at the age of 59, was appointed as the executive director for India on the board of the IMF in November 2015. He was to complete his term in October, 2019.
  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC), headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the appointment of Bhalla for a period of three years from the date of assumption of charge of the post or until further orders, whichever is earlier.

SS Mallikarjuna Rao Appointed New CMD Of Punjab National Bank

  •  The Union government appointed SS Mallikarjuna Rao, Managing Director and CEO of Allahabad Bank as the new Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Punjab National Bank. 
  • Mr Rao will replace Sunil Mehta who superannuated on September 30, 2019. Mallikarjuna Rao, 57, who already had a stint with Punjab National Bank, will oversee the merger of Oriental Bank of Commerce and United Bank of India with Punjab National Bank.
  • A seasoned banker, Mallikarjuna Rao was with Oriental Bank of Commerce before being elevated as Executive Director of Syndicate Bank in 2016 and two years later he was appointed MD & CEO of Allahabad Bank in September, 2018.

Google Celebrates Achievements of Psychiatrist Dr. Herbert Kleber With a Doodle

  •  Google Doodle honoured psychiatrist Dr. Herbert Kleber on the 23rd anniversary of his election to the prestigious National Academy of Medicine, which was formerly known as the Institute of Medicine.
  • The doodle shows Dr. Kleber talking to a patient as she finally manages to recover from her trauma.
  • The doodle is illustrated by Massachusetts-based artist Jarrett J. Krosoczka, who is also the author of the graphic memoir - 'Hey, Kiddo'.
  • Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on June 19, 1934, Dr. Kleber was known for his pioneering work in addiction treatment.
  • He always described himself as an optimist, which helped him work with addicts for 40 years.

DAYS AND EVENTS

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International Day of Non-Violence

  •  The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • In January 2004, Iranian Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi had taken a proposal for an International Day of Non-Violence from a Hindi teacher in Paris teaching international students to the World Social Forum in Mumbai. 
  • The idea gradually attracted the interest of some leaders of India's Congress Party ("Ahimsa Finds Teen Voice", The Telegraph, Calcutta) until a Satyagraha Conference resolution in New Delhi in January 2007, initiated by Indian National Congress President and Chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance Sonia Gandhi and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, called upon the United Nations to adopt the idea.

Gandhi Jayanti

  •  Gandhi Jayanti is an event celebrated in India to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Gandhi, born 2 October 1869.
  • It is celebrated annually on 2 October, and it is one of the three national holidays of India.
  • The UN General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence. 
  • Gandhi Jayanti is marked by prayer services and tributes all over India, including at Gandhi's memorial Raj Ghat in New Delhi where he was cremated. 

AWARDS AND HONOURS

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Elgi Equipments Wins 2019 Deming Prize For Total Quality Management

  •  Elgi Equipments has won the coveted 2019 Deming Prize for the sustained application and leverage of TQM (Total Quality Management) across the organization.
  • The Deming Prize is one of the highest awards on TQM (Total Quality Management) in the world and since its establishment in 1951, has been awarded to 251 organizations worldwide.
  • Elgi is the first globally established, industrial air compressor manufacturer, outside of Japan, to win the prestigious award in over 60 years and will formally receive the prize on the 6th of November 2019 in Tokyo, Japan.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND SCHEMES

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SC Recalls Verdict Diluting SC/ST Anti-Atrocities Law

  •  Correcting an error of judgment, the Supreme Court recalled its March 20, 2018 verdict, which bent the written law to protect persons accused of committing atrocities against the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.
  • A  judgment by Justice (now retired) A.K. Goel diluted the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989, to grant anticipatory bail to accused persons and directed that the police should conduct a preliminary enquiry on whether complaint under the 1989 law is "frivolous or motivated" before registering a case. 
  • Both conditions were not part of the original legislation.

Govt Launches Unified Portal For Licensing Of Eating And Lodging Houses In Delhi

  •  Union minister G Kishan Reddy launched a single window online system for licensing of eating and lodging houses, a move aimed at facilitating the ease of doing business.
  • The portal is a step in the direction to achieve Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision to establish a corruption-free economy by bringing in welfare-oriented economic reforms.
  • India has progressively improved its ease of doing business ranking and the government is encouraging entrepreneurs to start up new businesses.

1.34 Crore Street Lights To Be Replaced With LED By March 2020

  •  The number of LED street lights in the country has doubled from 49 lakh in March 2018 to 1 crore on October 1, 2019.
  • These lights are being installed under the Street Lighting National Programme (SLNP) that was launched on January 5, 2015 with the objective to replace all conventional street lights with smart and energy efficient LED street lights by March 2019.
  • This target was set to replace 1.34 crore conventional street lights with energy efficient LED lights by March 2019. Now the target for replacing these street lights has been fixed for March 2020.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS

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Book Released By Indian Ambassador To The Netherlands

  •  A book penned by Indian Ambassador to the Netherlands Venu Rajamony titled 'India and the Netherlands - Past, Present and Future,' was released in Amsterdam.
  • The book gives an insight into the cross-cultural legacy between the two countries, and was released at a function attended by the king and queen of the Netherlands.
  • The first copy was received by King Willem Alexander in the presence of a large number of distinguished guests, including the Dutch Minister for Education, Deputy Mayor of Amsterdam and ambassadors of 26 countries.
  • The seminar, jointly organised by the Embassy of India and the Royal Asian Art Society, was held at the Rijksmuseum (National Museum), Amsterdam.

Book The RSS: Roadmaps for the 21st Century Launched

  •  A new book, 'The RSS: Roadmaps For the 21st Century', written by Sunil Ambekar, the national organising secretary of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP), the student wing of the RSS was launched.
  • The book, published by Rupa Publications, was launched by RSS chief Mohan Bhagwat on October 1, 2019.
  • Ambekar, who hails from Nagpur and has spent about 40 years in the RSS. His book contains a futuristic vision of what the RSS should do in the years to come.

TOURISM AND HOTEL INDUSTRY AWARENESS

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IRCTC To Compensate Lucknow-Delhi Tejas Express Passengers For Delay

  •  In a first, IRCTC will compensate passengers of the new Lucknow-Delhi Tejas Express in case of delay in the train schedule.
  • An amount of 100 rupees will be paid in case the delay is for over an hour and 250 rupees for delay of over two hours.
  • This is the first of its kind offer from any national carrier. It is in addition to the 25-lakh rupees free insurance that will be given to passengers of the train.
  • The train will be flagged off on 4th October, 2019.

Paryatan Parv Begins To Promote Tourism

  •  The nationwide Paryatan Parv, 2019 kick-started to promote tourism in the country which will continue till 13th October, 2019.
  • The aim is to propagate the message of Dekho Apna Desh to encourage people to visit tourist destinations of the country and also spread the message of Tourism for All.
  • The Parv was jointly inaugurated by Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar, Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and Tourism Minister Prahalad Singh Patel at Rajpath Lawns in New Delhi.  
  • The Delhi leg of the Parv will continue till 6th October 2019. This year's event is dedicated to 150th birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.  
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