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NATIONAL AFFAIRS - October 2022

Oct 2022

Feb 03, 2023

Don't Issue Birth, Death Certificates to Undocumented Immigrants

  • The Mizoram government issued an order directing authorities against issuing birth and death certificates to refugees and undocumented immigrants from countries such as Myanmar to ensure there are no claims of citizenship from them.
  • The order came amid an influx of refugees from Myanmar since March last year (2022) following the military coup in that country. Around 40,000 people from Myanmar are estimated to be living in the state. Hundreds of refugees from Bangladesh have also recently entered Mizoram.

Feb 02, 2023

Karnatak Gets Rs. 5,300 crore Funds for Upper Bhadra Project

  • Karnataka Chief Minister Basavaraj Bommai thanked Prime Minister Narendra Modi for announcing Rs. 5,300 crore funds for the Upper Bhadra project of the state in the Union Budget 2023.
  • CM Bommai-led BJP government in Karnataka had been putting pressure on the Central leadership to announce the Upper Bhadra project as the national project. The implementation of the project will change the fate of the central Karnataka districts in the state.
  • The project would irrigate 2.25 lakh hectares of land in Chikkamagalur, Chitradurga, Davangere and Tumakuru districts. It would provide 19 TMC of water for irrigation. The project aims to increase the capacity of Vani Vilasa reservoir and fill more than 350 tanks.

Bengaluru to Host First G20 Energy Transition Working Group Meeting under India's Presidency

  • The first G20 Energy Transition Working Group (ETWG) meeting under India's presidency will be organised in Bengaluru from February 5-7.
  • The meeting will have over 150 participants including G20 member countries, nine special invitee guest nations – Bangladesh, Egypt, Mauritius, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Singapore, the UAE and Spain.
  • In addition, international organizations such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), International Energy Agency (IEA), Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Solar Alliance (ISA), among others will be part of the meeting.

BJP Announces Candidates for West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh Bypoll

  • The Central Election Committee (CEC) of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) released a list of candidates for the upcoming bye-elections to be held in West Bengal and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The party decided to field Tsering Lhamu from Arunachal Pradesh's Lumla (ST) seat and Dilip Saha from West Bengal's Sagardighi seat.
  • Earlier in January, the Election Commission announced the schedule for the bye-elections to six assembly seats across five states.
  • Bye-elections to one assembly constituency, each in Arunachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and two assembly constituencies in Maharashtra will be held on February 27. The parliamentary constituency of Lakshadweep will also vote in bypolls on February 27.
  • The counting of votes to all bypolls will be held on March 2.

First G20 Education Working Group Meeting Held in Chennai

  • The first G20 Education working group was held in Chennai from Feb 1 to 2, 2023.
  • Union Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Dr. L. Murugan inaugurated the session where deliberations took place on carrying forward the resolutions passed during the last summit.
  • Discussions were on K 12 education, tech-enabled learning and skill development.

Punjab Removes Women Commission Chief

  • The Aam Aadmi Party government in Punjab removed State Women Commission Chairperson Manisha Gulati by withdrawing a September 2020 letter through which she was granted an extension of three years.
  • The Social Security and Women and Child Development Department withdrew the letter dated September 18, 2020.
  • Additional Chief Secretary Kirpa Shankar Saroj said that issuing the letter granting her extension was a bonafide mistake.
  • She had been appointed in March 2018 as the Commission chairperson during the Congress government headed by Amarinder Singh.

Feb 01, 2023

Nirmala Sitharaman Sixth Finance Minister to Present budget 5 Times in a Row

  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman became the sixth minister in independent India to present five consecutive budgets.
  • Sitharaman's budget for the fiscal year starting April 2023 was her fifth straight since 2019.
  • Other ministers who have presented five straight annual financial statements are Arun Jaitley, P. Chidambaram, Yashwant Sinha, Manmohan Singh and Morarji Desai.
  • After taking charge of the Finance Ministry in the Modi government in 2014, Jaitley presented five budgets in a row from 2014-15 to 2018-19.

Visakhapatnam to be Capital of Andhra Pradesh

  • Chief Minister Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy said that Andhra Pradesh's capital would be shifted to Visakhapatnam in a few months. The statement assumes significance in the wake of cases on the capital issue pending in the Supreme Court.
  • He made these remarks at a curtain-raiser programme for the Global Investors Summit, scheduled to be organised at Visakhapatnam in March.

Assam Cabinet Nod for Floriculture Mission

  • Assam's cabinet approved a state floriculture mission with an initial investment of Rs. 150 crore, covering 20,000 farmers.
  • Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said that in view of the huge demand for flowers in Assam, which is currently met with supply from West Bengal's capital Kolkata and even Thailand, a State Floriculture Mission has been approved.
  • Under it, the area of flower cultivation will be expanded from 2,200 hectares to 3,288 hectares within three years.

Centre Forms Committee to Draft Rules, Standards for Mediation in India

  • The Law and Justice Ministry constituted a working committee for the drafting of rules and standards for mediation in India under the chairmanship of former Law Secretary P. K. Malhotra.
  • The committee would provide drafts of the rules and regulations as envisaged under the Mediation Bill/Act and also to provide suggestions regarding the setting of various standards including, certifications, accreditation, grading, criteria etc, for various stakeholders under the Mediation Bill.
  • The committee is further directed to refer to the subject mentioned and to say that the Mediation Bill, 2021 through its objectives, promotes institutional mediation provides for enforcement of a mediated settlement agreement, promotes training through Mediation Institutes and emphasizes ODR [Online Dispute Resolution] and community mediation. The Bill also provides for the establishment of the Mediation Council of India, said Centre communication to Committee members.

UPSC Recommends Rajeev Singh Raghuvanshi as Drugs Controller General of India

  • The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) recommended the name of Rajeev Singh Raghuvanshi as the new Drugs Controller General of India (DCGI). The UPSC had conducted interviews for the appointment of the DCGI.
  • In November 2022, V. G. Somani's term as DCGI was extended for three months. This was done for the second time, as he had also got an extension in the month of August 2022.
  • V. G. Somani was appointed as the Drugs Controller General of India in the month of August 2019.
  • DCGI heads the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO), which is responsible for ensuring the quality of drug supply across the country. It also has the authority to give approval to new drugs and regulate clinical trials.

Jan 31, 2023

Another Mughal Garden Renamed in Capital, This Time at Delhi University

  • Mughal Garden in Delhi University's North Campus was renamed as 'Gautam Buddha Centenary Garden'.
  • The garden does not have a Mughal design, was the rationale given by the university behind the rechristening, which was done on January 27.
  • As per a university official, the coinciding of the name change was a matter of chance, and that the varsity had come to the decision after a prolonged discussion with its Garden Committee.
  • The Gautam Buddha statue has been standing in the garden for at least 15 years.

R-Day: Punjab Regiment Best Marching Contingent; Uttarakhand's Tableau Best

  • The best marching contingents and tableaux for the 74th Republic Day parade were announced, with Punjab Regiment being adjudged as the best marching contingent, and Uttarakhand bagging the top prize for best tableau.
  • According to the Ministry of Defence, separate results -- one by a panel of judges and the other through online voting conducted by MyGov, were announced.
  • Three panels of judges were appointed for assessing the performances of the marching contingents from three services, Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) and other auxiliary forces, besides tableaux from various states, Union Territories and ministries and departments.
  • The best three tableaux from states and UTs were from Uttarakhand (Manaskhand), Maharashtra (Sade Tin Shaktipith and Nari Shakti), and Uttar Pradesh (Ayodhya Deepotsav), respectively.
  • The tableau of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs (Eklavya Model Residential Schools, EMRSs) was named the best among the ministries and departments.

BJP Sticks to 2018 Election Alliances in Tripura, Nagaland

  • With the Assembly elections in Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya just round the corner, the BJP has stuck to the 2018 electoral arrangements in the hope of repeating its performance in the north-east.
  • In Tripura and Nagaland, the saffron party has retained old allies, the Indigenous People's Front of Tripura (IPFT) and the Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP), respectively.
  • The BJP pulled off a last-minute surprise, sealing a seat-sharing agreement with the IPFT, which agreed to contest five seats as against BJP's 55, a climb down from 2018 when the IPFT had contested nine tribal seats of Tripura and won eight, while the BJP had contested 51 seats and won 35.
  • The BJP declared all 55 Tripura candidates for the February 16 elections, leaving five for the IPFT with whom it had ended the 25-year Left rule in the state in 2018.
  • In Nagaland, the NDPP and the BJP finalised the 40:20 seat-sharing arrangement, as was the case in 2018 when the alliance had formed the government.

Jan 30, 2023

Sarbananda Sonowal Inaugurates National Logistics Portal (marine)

  • Union Minister for Ports, Shipping and Waterways and Ayush Sarbananda Sonowal inaugurated The National Logistics Portal (marine) in New Delhi.
  • The National Logistic Portal (marine) (NLP) is a project of national importance, as envisaged by the Ministry of Ports Shipping Waterways and the Ministry of Commerce & Industry. It is a one-stop platform aimed at connecting all the stakeholders of the logistics community using IT, to improve efficiency and transparency by reducing costs and time delays and achieving easier, faster, and more competitive offerings of services, to promote the growth of the logistics sector and thereby improve trade. NLP will be a single window for all trade processes of the logistics sector spread across the country covering all modes of transport in the waterways, roadways, and airways along with an E-marketplace to provide a seamless end-to-end logistic service coverage.
  • NLP Is a one stop marketplace where all logistic stakeholders are integrated for easier, speedier & competitive services thereby promoting trade and growth.

Construction of "Bajrang Setu" to be Completed by July 2023

  • In Uttarakhand, Asia's second and country's first cable suspension bridge "Bajrang Setu" is being constructed at Rishikesh. This bridge is coming up next to the famous 90-year-old Laxman Jhula.
  • Laxman Jhula is closed since last year when it was found that it wasn't safe for pedestrians anymore. However, it will not be removed and will be preserved as a heritage.
  • Superintending Engineer of Public Works Department NPS Singh said that the construction of the new bridge would cost Rs. 67 crore and all efforts are made to complete it by July 2023.

PM Modi Releases Special Rs. 75 Coins

  • PM Modi released special Rs. 75 Coins on the occasion of completion of 75 years of National Cadet Corps (NCC) at the Delhi NCC event. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) of India Lt. Gen Anil Chauhan were also present at the Delhi NCC event.
  • At the Cariappa Ground in Delhi, the NCC rally was conducted to mark the 75th anniversary. Notably, 196 officers and cadets from 19 other nations took part in the demonstration as well.

All Government Vehicles Older than 15 Years to be Scrapped from April

  • According to a new rule of the central government, from April 2023, all government vehicles that have completed 15 years will automatically lose their right to ply on roads as their certificate of registration will expire.
  • In an effort to weed out old, polluting and potentially less-safe vehicles from Indian roads, Nitin Gadkari-led Ministry of Road Transport and Highways already rolled out the vehicle scrapping policy. The draft notification of the policy was issued in November 2022.
  • If the registration of such old vehicles was renewed before they attained the age of 15, such registration certificates will also automatically be deemed cancelled and they will have to retire after a lapse of 15 years from initial registration.
  • As part of implementing the policy, the Central government felt that the government should show the way by scrapping its own old vehicles.
  • Such vehicles, numbering in the thousands across India, are to be scrapped only through registered vehicle scrapping facilities as mandated in the policy.
  • However, special purpose vehicles owned by governments, like armoured and other specialised vehicles used for operational purposes for defence of the country and for the maintenance of law and order and internal security, have been kept out of the ambit of the new rules.

Mughal Gardens Renamed 'Amrit Udyan'

  • Rashtrapati Bhavan's famed Mughal Gardens were renamed as 'Amrit Udyan'.
  • The resplendent gardens are open to the public once a year and people can visit from January 31 this time.
  • President Droupadi Murmu graceD the opening of the gardens of Rashtrapati Bhavan - Udyan Utsav.
  • On the occasion of the celebrations of 75 years of Independence as Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav', the President of India gave a common name to the Rashtrapati Bhavan gardens as Amrit Udyan',
  • The government had last year renamed Delhi's iconic Rajpath as Kartavya Path. The renaming of the stretch and other institutions were in line with the Centre's effort to remove any trace of colonial mindset, it has maintained.

Third Interpol Young Global Police Leaders Programme held in New Delhi

  • The third edition of the Interpol young global police leaders programme was held in in Delhi with the theme 'Trust' which aims at building trust between public-police as well as trust factors between international police forces in the era of technology.
  • There were 60 participants from 44 countries. A delegation of Interpol young global police leaders programme visited National Police Memorial and paid homage to the fallen policemen.
  • The event brings together young police leaders holding vital assignments in their respective countries and helps them develop an international perspective and understanding. It seeks to empower the next generation of International Police leaders through mentoring from experienced officers.
  • The Interpol Young Global Police Leaders Program (YGPLP) will end on February 2.
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