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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

Read today's headlines and TAKE TEST to keep a watch on current happenings

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

ILO Report: Global Unemployment Level in 2022 Projected at 207 Million

  • The International Labour Organisation (ILO) released its World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2022 (WESO Trends) report. The report analysed comprehensive labour market projections for 2022 and 2023 and assessed how labour market recovery unfolded worldwide. In the WESO 2022, ILO downgraded its forecast for labour market recovery in 2022.
  • The global unemployment level in 2022 is estimated at 207 million, compared to 186 million in 2019.
  • Total working hours globally in 2022 is projected to be 2% below the pre-pandemic level, and that is equivalent to the loss of 52 million full-time jobs.
  • The global labour force participation rate in 2022 is projected to remain 1.2 percentage points below that of 2019 before the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic began.

PM Modi Tops Approval Ratings of Global Leaders

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi continued to top the chart of global leaders with the highest approval ratings, leaving US President Joe Biden and Canadian counterpart Justin Trudeau. The latest approval ratings by data intelligence company Morning Consult suggested that PM Modi has a net approval rating of 50, with 71 per cent of respondents voting in approval while 21 per cent voting in disapproval.
  • The company is currently tracking the approval ratings of government leaders of Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, Spain, Britain and the US.
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

Essar Capital Appoints Anil K. Chaudhary as CEO

  • Essar Capital, the investment arm of Essar Global Fund, appointed Anil Kumar Chaudhary as Chief Executive Officer for the metals & mining business.
  • Chaudhary was formerly the Chairman and Managing Director of Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) and was the Chairman of International Coal Ventures (ICVL) and mjunction services.
  • Chaudhary will be a member of the Executive Committee, and will play a key role in driving the investment strategy and growth in the Metals & Mining Vertical, domestically and globally. He was earlier the President of Steel Research and Technology Mission of India (SRTMI). Currently, he is the Chairman of Minerals and Metals Committee of PHDCCI.

SEBI's Saarthi Mobile App

  • The Securities and Exchange Board of India, SEBI launched the Saarthi mobile application. The application provides information about security markets. It is highly useful for investors.
  • The application provides explanation about mutual funds, its working, trading and settlement, KYC (Know Your Customer) processes, developments in the market, etc. Also, the application includes grievance redressal mechanism.
  • The application uses both Hindi and English. It is available for both iOS and android users. In future, the app will be made available in local languages as well.

Walmart Invites Indian Sellers to Join its US Marketplace

  • Retail giant Walmart invited select Indian sellers to join Walmart Marketplace, a curated sellers community that serves more than 120 million US shoppers each month.
  • India is already one of the top sourcing markets for Walmart and the retail major has set an ambitious goal of exporting USD 10 billion from India each year by 2027.
  • Walmart is seeking new sellers from India as part of a global drive to attract international sellers and expand the Marketplace's product assortment.
  • Indian Sellers, selected after the process, will be able to take advantage of Walmart Fulfillment Services, which would give them to use Walmart's warehousing and delivery infrastructure in the US, along with platform tools that help them streamline their operations and manage promotions.
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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Monster Black Hole Spotted 'Giving Birth' to Stars

  • Astronomers spotted a black hole "giving birth" to stars at the center of a nearby dwarf galaxy — and the stellar newborns are tethered to the black hole by a massive "umbilical cord" made of gas and dust.
  • The supermassive black hole, situated roughly 34 million light-years away in the galaxy Henize 2-10, was seen spewing an enormous, 500-light-year-long jet of ionized gas from its center at around 1 million mph (1.6 million km/h), contributing to a "firestorm" of new star formation in a nearby stellar nursery.
  • The discovery, made using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, is the first time a black hole in a dwarf galaxy (a galaxy with 1 billion or fewer stars) was seen birthing stars.

Saturn's Moon Mimas Hosts Global Ocean, New Study Suggests

  • According to a new analysis of data from NASA's Cassini mission, Mimas, the smallest and innermost of Saturn's eight main moons, may be warm enough to harbor a global, liquid water ocean beneath a 24-31-km (15-19-mile) thick ice shell.
  • One of the most profound discoveries in planetary science over the past 25 years is that worlds with oceans beneath layers of rock and ice are common in our Solar System.
  • Such worlds include the icy satellites of the giant planets, such as Europa, Titan and Enceladus, as well as distant planets like Pluto.
  • Worlds like Earth with surface oceans must reside within a narrow range of distances from their stars to maintain the temperatures that support liquid oceans.
  • Interior water ocean worlds, however, are found over a much wider range of distances, greatly expanding the number of habitable worlds likely to exist across the galaxy.
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SPORTS

Sharma, Pant and Ashwin Included in ICC Men's Test Team of the Year

  • India opener Rohit Sharma, wicket-keeper Rishabh Pant and off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin were included in the ICC Men's Test team of the year for 2021.
  • New Zealand captain Kane Williamson has been given the charge of captaining the eleven which also has his countryman and Player of the Match in the inaugural World Test Championship final, Kyle Jamieson, as well.
  • Apart from three Indians and two New Zealanders, England captain Joe Root, Australia's Marnus Labuschagne, Sri Lanka's Dimuth Karunaratne, and Pakistani trio of Fawad Alam, Hasan Ali and Shaheen Afridi are in the eleven as well.
  • It is Ashwin's fifth appearance and Pant's second time in the Test team of the year honours while it is the first time Sharma is in the coveted eleven of Test cricket.

ICC ODI Men's Team of The Year: After T20s, No Indians in this One Too

  • After going unrepresented in the ICC's men's 'T20 Team of the Year' due to a disastrous World Cup campaign in the UAE, no Indian player featured in the global body's 'ODI Team of the Year' which features two players from minnows Ireland.
  • Incidentally, the team also doesn't have any Australia, English, New Zealand or West Indies players.
  • The team, which has Pakistan's Babar Azam as its captain, has two Pakistanis including Fakhar Zaman.
  • South Africans Janneman Malan and Rassie van der Dussen, Bangladeshis Shakib Al Hasan, Mustafizur Rahaman and Mushfiqur Rahim, who is also the designated wicketkeeper, Sri Lankans Wanindu Hasaranga and Dishmantha Chameera along with Irishmen Paul Stirling and Simi Singh form the rest of the squad.
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Nadda Announces BJP's Alliance with Apna Dal, Nishad Party in UP

  • BJP president J P Nadda announced an alliance with Apna Dal and Nishad Party, two parties that draw their support primarily from sections of backward castes, for the Uttar Pradesh assembly polls.
  • Nadda said that the three National Democratic Alliance partners in the state will fight the elections to 403-member assembly together and lauded Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath-led government for its performance on a host of issues, including restoration of law and order, boosting investment and improvement in social indicators.
  • Apna Dal chief Anupriya Patel, a Union minister, and Nishad Party supremo Sanjay Nishad hailed Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led government at the Centre for working for the interests of Other Backward Classes (OBC) and hit out at BJP's rivals for "denying" a large section of backward communities their rights.

Amar Jawan Jyoti Put Out, "Merged" With War Memorial Torch

  • India witness a momentous and historic moment on January 21, 2022. Days ahead of the 75th Republic Day, the Amar Jawan Jyoti flame at the India Gate lawns was extinguished and merged with the flame at the National War Memorial. It has been burning for 50 years.
  • The ceremony was presided over by the Integrated Defence Staff chief Air Marshal Balabadhra Radha Krishna who merged the two flames.
  • The eternal flame known as Amar Jawan Jyoti was built in 1972 underneath the India Gate arch to commemorate the soldiers martyred in the Indo-Pak War of 1971. It is a memorial symbolised by an inverted bayonet and soldier's helmet over it with an eternal flame burning beside it.
  • After a long wait and multiple considerations, the National War Memorial - constructed over 40 acres at a cost of Rs. 176 crore - was built in the India Gate complex by the Narendra Modi government and was inaugurated in February 2019. After the inauguration of the building in War memorial, all military ceremonial events were shifted to it from the India Gate memorial.
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DEFENCE

Indian Navy Hones Anti-submarine Warfare Skills in Exercise Sea Dragon

  • An Indian Navy P-8I long-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft participated in multinational Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Exercise Sea Dragon-22 at Guam in the U.S. that saw the participation of Quad countries, Canada and South Korea. The two-week exercise began on January 5 and concluded on January 20.
  • The exercise was aimed to enhance interoperability among participating nations by evolving common tactics in response to emerging traditional and non-traditional security challenges in maritime domain.
  • Naval aircraft from the U.S., India, Japan, Canada, Australia and South Korea – which included P8A, P8I, P1, CP140 Aurora and P3C Orion maritime reconnaissance aircraft practised high-end ASW skills. "The aircrew also undertook professional interaction with other participants from friendly foreign countries," the Navy stated.
  • Sea Dragon is an annual, multi-national high-end exercise hosted by the U.S. Navy.
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PERSONS IN NEWS

Teenage Pilot Zara Rutherford Completes Solo Round-world Record

  • A teenage pilot became the youngest woman to fly solo around the world following a five-month challenge.
  • Zara Rutherford, 19, landed in Kortrijk-Wevelgem in Belgium, two months later than planned as a result of adverse weather.
  • During the trip she spent a month stuck in Nome, Alaska, and 41 days in Russia.
  • On her return to Belgium, the former pupil of St Swithun's School, Winchester, was greeted by her family, journalists and well-wishers.
  • She was accompanied in her landing by four planes from the Belgian Red Devils aerobatic display team.
  • The circumnavigation included more than 60 stops across five continents, and began on 18 August.
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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION

Himachal to Introduce Sanskrit language, Vedic Mathematics in Elementary Classes

  • In what is being termed as the saffronisation of education, the Himachal Pradesh School Education Board (HPSEB) chief Dr. Suresh Kumar Soni kicked off a controversy by saying that the board will introduce Sanskrit language from class 3 and Vedic mathematics from 6th standard onwards from the next academic session.
  • Dr. Soni while addressing a press conference in Dharamshala said that Vedic mathematics will be introduced from 6th standard onwards and at least three questions will be asked about the Vedic in each term.
  • HPSEB will be the first education board of the country to introduce Sanskrit in the third standard.
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