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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION - October 2019

Oct 2019

Oct 18, 2019

Young Women From Tribal Areas To Receive Digital Skills Training

  •  Minister of Tribal Affairs, Arjun Munda announced the second phase of GOAL (Going Online as Leaders), a Facebook program aimed at inspiring, guiding and encouraging tribal girls from across India to become village-level digital young leaders for their communities.
  • In the second phase of the program, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Facebook will digitally mentor 5000 young women in India's tribal-dominated districts, together.
  • Participants from the states of West Bengal, Jharkhand and Maharashtra, who are enrolled in the current program were also present at the event.
  • The program will include weekly one-to-one mentoring sessions, focused on a range of skills such as digital literacy, entrepreneurship, and online safety.
  • In total, more than 2,00,000 hours of guidance will be provided using the Facebook family of apps including WhatsApp and Facebook Messenger.
  • Following the program, the participants will graduate to the GOAL alumni and will continue to receive support and guidance from the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and Facebook.

Oct 17, 2019

IIIT Hyderabad inks MoU with EBTC To Establish 'Living Lab' Project On Campus

  •   International Institute of Information Technology (IIIT) Hyderbad,  signed a memorandum of understanding with European Business & Technology Centre (EBTC) for establishing a 'Living Lab' on the institute's campus to help startups gather real-time data on urban infrastructure. Loganathan said that the Living Lab will help startups planning to develop 'Smart Cities' products, and those on sustainable urban development.
  • The institute is planning to set up the 'living lab' in the campus by the end of 2020, after which it will start considering startups that can test their products in the campus.

Malnutrition Behind 69% Deaths Among Children Below 5 In India: UNICEF report

  •  Malnutrition caused 69% of deaths of children below the age of five in India, according to a UNICEF report released.
  • In its report, The State of the World's Children 2019, UNICEF said that every second child in that age group is affected by some form of malnutrition.
  • This includes stunting (35%), wasting (17%) and overweight (%). Only 42% of children (in the age group of 6 to 23 months) are fed at adequate frequency and 21% get adequately diverse diet.
  • Timely complementary feeding is initiated for only 53% of infants aged 6-8 months.

India Bags Top Spot In Child Wasting Rate: Global Hunger Index

  •  India bagged the top spot in child wasting rate in the world with an increase of 4.3 percentage points in nine years, according to the Global Hunger Index (GHI) released on October 15, 2019. 
  • Around 90 per cent of children aged between 6 and 23 months in the country don't even get minimum required food.
  • India ranked 102 on the index among 117 qualifying countries with a score of 30.3. Even North Korea, Niger, Pakistan, Cameroon fared better than India.  Neighboring countries too bagged better spots — Sri Lanka (66), Nepal (73), Pakistan (94) and Bangladesh (88).
  • The rank is significant because the country seems to have regressed from its 95th rank in 2010 and stands way below its neighbours and BRICS' peers.
  • Among BRICS countries, Brazil stood at 18, Russia at 22, China at 25 and South Africa at 60. China is now in the low severity category, while Sri Lanka is within the moderate severity level. Even North Korea was at 92nd.

Oct 16, 2019

Release Of Two Diagnostic Kits Developed Under 'Make In India' Initiative By Indian Council Of Ag...

  •  Two diagnostic kits are developed by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) - Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) under the 'Make in India' initiative, namely the Bluetongue sandwich ELISA (sELISA) and the Japanese Encephalitis lgM ELIS.
  • A kit for the control of Swine and Detection of Antigen was released by Shri Atul Chaturvedi, Secretary Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying and Dr. T. Mahopatra, Secretary DARE and DG, ICAR at Krishi Bhawan.
  • This indigenous technology will not just help save foreign exchange as the newly developed kits cost ten times lesser than the imported ones but also has the potential to earn foreign exchange.          

Gujarat, Tamil Nadu Top Performers Under PM-JAY health scheme

  •  Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Chhattisgarh, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh have emerged as the top performing States with free secondary and tertiary treatment worth nearly ₹7,901 crore availed under the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY), the flagship health assurance scheme of the Government in just over a year. 
  • Launched in 2018, the scheme crossed the 50-lakh treatment mark with secondary and tertiary level treatments worth ₹7,901 crore being carried out across 32 States and Union Territories.

Mylan Working With DCGI To Launch New TB Drug In India

  •  Multinational pharmaceutical company Mylan is working with Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) to launch pretomanid, a medicine used to treat drug- resistant tuberculosis (TB).
  • Non-profit drug developer TB Alliance and Mylan NV had in April, 2019 announced a global collaboration to make the experimental drug pretomanid for cure of pulmonary tuberculosis.
  • This drug is important for India because Prime Minister Narendra Modi said India would get rid of tuberculosis by 2025.

Oct 15, 2019

Centre Plans 'Vigyan Jyoti'

  •  Alarmed by the low percentage of women in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), the Centre has planned a programme to help girl students inculcate interest in these areas and also fund them if they get into any top institute for pursuing these underrepresented subjects.
  • The programme 'Vigyan Jyoti' aims to tap 100 girl students in 550 districts from 2020-2025. The students will be chosen based on their percentile.
  • The initiative is likely to be launched by the end of October 2019.

Health Ministry has finalised 25 members of National Medical Commission

  •  Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has finalised 25 members of the National Medical Commission (NMC), which will replace the Medical Council of India (MCI).
  • A draw of lots took place for selecting the members of NMC which include ten Vice-Chancellors (VCs) from different states, nine members from the State Medical Councils (SMCs) and four part-time members from the autonomous boards.
  • The exercise took place in the presence of Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan and Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare Ashwini Kumar Chowbey, in which 10 VCs were chosen from Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Gujarat, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Dagar and Nagar Haveli, Punjab, and Haryana.

Oct 14, 2019

NITI Aayog Plans To Make India Education Hub

  •  Worried with the declining growth in the inflow of foreign students, the NITI Aayog has set out to draw up an ambitious action plan for a giant leap. 
  • The Aayog has also floated the idea of a single authority to deal with the issue. Aiming to attract two lakh foreign students annually from 2023, the think tank panel will be working on implementing a proposal to create 'Exclusive Education Zone (EEZ)' in a few select cities, besides blending technical education with short-term vocational courses.
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