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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

07 Oct 2022

DAILY G.K. TEST

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Captain Ibrahim Traore Appointed Burkina Faso President

  • Captain Ibrahim Traore was appointed as President of Burkina Faso after Paul-Henri Damiba was removed in the West African country's second coup in less than nine months.
  • The Sahel country plunged into political turmoil on September 30 after a group of officers decided to remove Damiba due to his inability to deal with a worsening armed uprising, dissolved the transitional government and suspended the constitution.

Armenia, Azerbaijan Hold Talks in Prague in Efforts to Ease Tensions

  • The leaders of Azerbaijan and Armenia held talks in Prague in efforts to ease tensions between the two long-time adversaries.
  • Armenia agreed to facilitate a civilian EU mission alongside the border with Azerbaijan, according to a joint statement, following a meeting on the margins of a European summit in the presence of the EU Council President Charles Michel and French President Emmanuel Macron.
  • Azerbaijan agreed to cooperate with this mission as far as it is concerned.
  • Last month, Armenia and Azerbaijan negotiated a cease-fire to end a flare-up of fighting that killed 155 soldiers from both sides.
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

Bank of India Mutual Fund Appoints Mohit Bhatia as CEO

  • Bank of India Investment Managers Private Ltd appointed Mohit Bhatia as its Chief Executive Officer.
  • Bhatia has over 26 years of professional experience in mutual funds and financial services industry in areas of sales and distribution, team building, marketing & branding, building of digital eco-system.
  • His last assignment was with Canara Robeco Asset Management Company Ltd. as head-sales and marketing. During his tenure, the fund house reached assets under management (AUM) of Rs. 50,000 crore.

SBI General Insurance Appoints Kishore Kumar Poludasu as its new MD & CEO

  • SBI General Insurance Company Limited announced the appointment of Kishore Kumar Poludasu as its new Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer. He was nominated by the parent company, State Bank of India.
  • Kishore Kumar Poludasu has been associated with State Bank of India since 1991 and held several positions with the bank during his tenure. Prior to his current role at SBI General under State Bank Group, he was the Deputy Managing Director, as the Country Head of State Bank of India, Singapore Operations.
  • He is a seasoned BFSI professional with over 3 decades of experience in commercial banking including large Corporate/Infrastructure Credit, International Banking operations, Enterprise Management, Mergers & Consolidation, etc.

India Emerges as the World's Largest Producer, Consumer of Sugar

  • India emerged as the world's largest producer and consumer of sugar and its second largest exporter.
  • Brazil is the largest exporter of sugar.
  • In sugar season (October-September) 2021-22, a record over 5,000 lakh metric tons (LMT) sugarcane was produced in the country, out of which about 3,574 LMT was crushed by sugar mills to produce about 394 LMT of sugar (sucrose). Out of this, 35 LMT sugar was diverted to ethanol production and 359 LMT sugar was produced by sugar mills.
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SPORTS

Shooting Included in 2026 Commonwealth Games

  • Shooting will return to the Commonwealth Games roster in the 2026 edition in Victoria, Australia, while wrestling and archery were dropped in a bitter-sweet turn of events for India.
  • The Commonwealth Games Federation (CGF) and the Commonwealth Games Australia unveiled the full sport programme for the Victoria 2026 CWG, featuring 20 sports and 26 disciplines, including nine fully integrated para sports.
  • The shooting programme will include air pistol, air rifle, shooting para sport and shotgun trap.

Rest of India Beat Saurashtra to Win Irani Trophy

  • Rest of India won the Irani Cup title after beating the Ranji Trophy Champion of 2019-2020 Saurashtra by eight wickets in Rajkot. Rest of India (ROI) chased down the 105-run target, with Abhimanyu Easwaran remaining undefeated on 63 runs while adding 81 runs and Kona Bharat not out at 27.
  • Irani Trophy is also known as Mastercard Irani Trophy. It is a test match format cricket tournament in India. It is played annually between the incumbent Ranji Trophy winners and the Rest of the India Cricket Team. It is organised by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Uttar Pradesh Government Forms State's First All-woman PAC Battalions

  • The Uttar Pradesh government announced the formation of the state's first three all-woman battalions of the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC).
  • The move came with the aim to entrust the responsibility of security of the state with women.
  • Also, women's help desks were set up at all 1,584 police stations of the state by appointing women beat constables.
  • Three Provincial Sashastra Seema Bal PAC woman battalions are being established in the name of brave and courageous women in the state.
  • These three battalions are being named after Rani Avantibai Lodhi, Uday Devi and Jhalkari Bai, who sacrificed their lives in the freedom struggle of India. They are being established at Badaun, Lucknow and Gorakhpur. The process of posting 1262 posts in one women's battalion of PAC is going on. This includes the posts of one senanayak, three deputy Senanayak, with nine assistant senanayak, one shivirpal, 24 inspectors, 108 head constables, 842 scavengers, and cooks.
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DEFENCE

Tata Advanced System Bags IAF Contract to Supply Bullet-proof Jackets

  • In a move that signifies growing self-reliance, the Indian Air Force will get 10,000 bullet-proof jackets for their special forces and other personnel from Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL).
  • The lightweight bullet-resistant body armour is expected to replace bulky and heavy jackets that are slowly being phased out from the entire armed forces.
  • The supply of these bulletproof jackets for the first time to the Indian Air Force is as per the terms of the contract.
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PERSONS IN NEWS

Veteran Actor Arun Bali Passes Away

  • Veteran actor Arun Bali died due to prolonged age-related illness. The actor was last seen in Aamir Khan-starrer Laal Singh Chaddha and Amitabh Bachchan-starrer Goodbye.
  • Born in Jalandhar, Punjab, in 1942, Arun Bali is known for his performances in 3 Idiots (2009), PK (2014), Airlift (2016), Kedarnath (2018) and Panipat (2019) among many other films. He made his TV debut in the year 1989 with Doosra Kewal. He went on to many TV shows such as Chankaya, Swabhimaan and Kumkum Pyaara Sa Bandhan.
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DAYS AND EVENTS

World Cotton Day

  • Cotton is grown in more than 75 countries across five continents and is traded worldwide. Highlighting the importance of this global commodity in generating jobs and maintaining economic stability in less developed countries, the United Nations General Assembly declared October 7 as World Cotton Day in 2021.
  • The year 2022 was the second year the day celebrated with the aim to foster sustainable trade policies and help developing countries benefit from the cotton value chain.
  • Four cotton-producing countries Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali were the first to propose a World Cotton Day celebration on October 7 to the World trade Organisation in 2019.
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AWARDS AND HONOURS

French Author Annie Ernaux Wins 2022 Nobel Prize for Literature

  • French author Annie Ernaux won the 2022 Nobel Prize in Literature "for the courage and clinical acuity with which she uncovers the roots, estrangements and collective restraints of personal memory."
  • Annie Ernaux was born in 1940 and grew up in the small town of Yvetot in Normandy.
  • "Annie Ernaux's debut was Les armoires vides (1974; Cleaned Out, 1990), and already in this work she started her investigation of her Norman background, but it was her fourth book, La place (1983; A Man's Place, 1992), that delivered her literary breakthrough," The Swedish Academy said in a statement.
  • The prize is awarded by the Swedish Academy and is worth 10 million Swedish crowns ($914,704). The money comes from a bequest left by the prize's creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, in 1895.
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GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND SCHEMES

CM Bhupendra Patel Floats 'Aatmanirbhar Gujarat Scheme' to Boost Industry

  • Chief Minister Bhupendra Patel announced the 'Aatmanirbhar Gujarat Scheme for Assistance to Industries' in Gandhinagar with the aim to bolster to manufacturing sector in the state. Patel said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has envisioned an 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat; by 2047, a year when India would celebrate 100 years of Independence. "Under his leadership, India has risen as the fastest-growing economy on the global map. Given this opportune time, the scheme aims to attract industries and investors and thereby create large-scale employment opportunities.
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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION

PM Modi Inaugurates AIIMS Bilaspur

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the fully functional All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Himachal Pradesh's Bilaspur. Modi's vision and commitment to strengthening health services across the country is being showcased again with the inauguration of AIIMS.
  • The AIIMS -- whose foundational stone was also laid by the prime minister in October 2017 -- has been established under the Central sector scheme Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana.
  • AIIMS Bilaspur, constructed at a cost of more than Rs. 1,470 crore, is a state-of-the-art hospital with 18 specialty and 17 super specialty departments, 18 modular operation theatres and 750 beds with 64 ICU beds.
  • The Prime Minister was accompanied by Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh, Jai Ram Thakur, Governor of Himachal Pradesh, Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar, Union Minister, Anurag Singh Thakur and Member of Parliament and BJP National President, Jagat Prakash Nadda.
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LAW AND CONSTITUTIONAL AFFAIRS

Delhi High Court Grants Bail to Foreigner for Spending almost Entire Sentence under NDPS Act

  • The Delhi High Court granted bail to a foreigner, after observing that he had spent almost the entire period of 10 years rigorous imprisonment awarded by a trial court, without his appeal having been heard in a case registered under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act in 2020.
  • The order was passed by the single-judge Bench of Justice Jasmeet Singh on a petition filed by Nigerian national James Pascal, seeking suspension of sentence awarded by a trial court on June 8, 2020, under Section 21 (c) and Section 29 of the Act.
  • Section 21(c) provides punishment for contravention of provisions of the Act involving commercial quantity, whereas Section 29 provides punishment for abetment and criminal conspiracy.
  • As per the High Court, a convict spending nine years and six months in jail without having his appeal being heard, could not be the essence of the country's judicial system.
  • The petitioner contended that as per his nominal roll dated January 12, 2021, he had undergone imprisonment for seven years, seven months and 16 days. Since then, another period of one year and eight months had elapsed.
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