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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS - October 2021

Oct 2021

May 16, 2022

Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan appointed President of UAE

  • Rulers in the United Arab Emirates announced that they unanimously appointed Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan as the President of the nation. Rulers of the country's seven sheikhdoms made the decision at a meeting held in Al Mushrif Palace in Abu Dhabi. It comes after the late President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan died. The transition of power marks only the third time this U.S.-allied nation of seven sheikhdoms selected a President since becoming an independent nation in 1971.
    • The last, which saw Sheikh Khalifa take over for both his and Sheikh Mohammed's father, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, came a month after his death in 2004. The speed of announcement appeared designed to show unity and reassure the world of the stability of this crucial oil-and-gas producing nation that hosts Western military forces.

7th Japan-India ICT Joint Working Group meeting held under India-Japan ICT Comprehensive Cooperat...

  • The 7th Japan-India ICT Joint Working Group meeting was held on a virtual platform. Recalling the India Japan Summit Meeting in March 2022, both sides recognized the need for growing cooperation under the India-Japan Digital Partnership with a view to enhancing digital economy through promotion of joint projects for digital transformation, support to provide opportunities for Indian IT professionals to work in Japan and Japanese companies, and collaboration made in the area of IoT, AI and other emerging technologies. 
    • India and Japan share a common vision of a peaceful, stable and prosperous world and this has now taken the shape of "Special Strategic and Global Partnership". 

May 15, 2022

Bhagwant Khuba Delivers Keynote Address at Intersolar Europe 2022 on "India's Solar Energy Market"

  • Union Minister of State for Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Bhagwant Khuba attended the Intersolar Europe 2022 held at Munich, Germany. He delivered key note address at the investment promotion event on "India's Solar Energy Market".
  • Bhagwant Khuba in his key note address said that as Hon'ble PM Modiji's ambitious Panchamrit targets set during COP-26 India is all set to achieve net zero by 2070 and install 500GW of non fossil by 2030. India's vast renewable energy resource potential and strong policy backing provide a strong foundation for achieving these goals.
  • India has seen incredible growth of RE capacity in last 7 years and has achieved target of 40% cumulative electric capacity from non fossil fuel in 2021, 9 full years ahead of set target of 2030. Government of India is committed to promoting domestic manufacturing in the solar PV sector to achieve its ambitious deployment goals. Several policy measures have been undertaken to support the domestic PV manufacturing sector.

WEF to Focus on Emerging Technologies to Help Small, Marginal Farmers

  • The World Economic Forum (WEF), in collaboration with the government's research institute Niti Aayog, is focusing on how to better employ emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), the Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain, and drones to aid farmers, especially small and marginal farmers. Agriculture is an important part of the Indian economy, employing 43 percent of the country's workers.
  • Small holders, who account for 86 percent of all farmers in India and own less than 2 hectares of land (compared to 2-10 hectares for medium holders and more than 10 hectares for large holders), are still among the poorest people in the country, earning only 39 percent of what medium holders earn and only 13 percent of what large holders earn.

May 14, 2022

PM Modi Participates in Second Global Summit on Covid

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi participated in the second global virtual summit on COVID-19 hosted by US President Joe Biden. The summit intends to galvanise new actions to address the challenges of the pandemic and build a stronger global health security architecture.
  • Modi participated in the first global virtual summit on Covid hosted by Biden on September 22 last year. The Summit galvanized new actions to address the continued challenges of the Covid pandemic and build a stronger global health security architecture. Secretary-General of the United Nations, Director General of World Health Organization and other dignitaries also participated.

Ranil Wickremesinghe Sworn in as Sri Lanka's New Prime Minister

  • Opposition leader Ranil Wickremesinghe was sworn in as Sri Lanka's new Prime Minister, days after his predecessor Mahinda Rajapaksa resigned following violent protests over the worst economic crisis in the debt-ridden island nation. The 73-year-old United National Party (UNP) leader was appointed as the Prime Minister by President Gotabaya Rajapaksa after they held closed-door discussions.
  • Wickremesinghe, who has served as the country's Prime Minister for four times, was in October 2018 fired from the post of Prime Minister by then President Maithripala Sirisena. However, he was reinstalled as the Prime Minister by Sirisena after two months. Wickremesinghe is widely accepted as a man who could manage the economy with far-sighted policies, and is perceived as the Sri Lankan politician who could command international cooperation.
  • Sri Lanka is facing its worst economic crisis since gaining independence from Britain in 1948. The crisis is caused in part by a lack of foreign currency, which has meant that the country cannot afford to pay for imports of staple foods and fuel, leading to acute shortages and very high prices.

Sri Lanka Court Bans Former PM Mahinda Rajapaksa, 15 others from Leaving Country

  • A Sri Lankan court banned former Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa and 15 others, including his son, MPs and senior police officers from leaving the country, for instigating violence that killed nine people and injured over 300.
  • Colombo's Magistrate court issued the travel ban order on Mahinda Rajapaksa, his son MP Namal, and 14 others who participated in meeting with his supporters who later carried out violent attacks on peaceful protesters in front of his house and his President's office.
  • The Attorney General Sanjaya Rajarantam, who has directed the Inspector General of Police (IGP) to investigate the violent attacks on peaceful protesters, had informed the courts to impose a ban on the former PM and others.

May 13, 2022

25-member Bangladesh Mukti Jodhas Visits Eastern Air Command Headquarters

  • As part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav and Swarnim Vijay Varsh celebrations, a delegation of 25 Bangladesh Mukti Jodhas (Freedom Fighters) involved in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation visited Headquarters of Eastern Air Command of Indian Air Force in Shillong.
  • Air Marshal A. P. Singh, Senior Air Staff Officer (SASO) interacted with the brave Mukti Jodhas and praised their role and efforts towards the liberation of Bangladesh during the 1971 Bangladesh war. They were accompanied by F. R. Kharkongor, Commissioner and Secretary of Arts and Culture Department, Government of Meghalaya.
  • This visit is being undertaken as part of the Golden Jubilee of the Liberation War of 1971 and Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations and provides an opportunity for members of the delegation to relive the moments of the Liberation War.

May 12, 2022

No Refuge to Rajapaksas, Won't Intervene in Sri Lankan Politics: India

  • India made it clear that it has no desire to intervene in Sri Lankan politics even as the island country continued to face political crisis with curfew in force and its Central Bank Governor threatening to quit if stability was not restored in a fortnight.
  • The Indian High Commission in Colombo was quick to squash reports in Sri Lankan media about India planning to send troops to restore order. The High Commission dismissed media reports about speculation on social media that members of the embattled Rajapaksa clan would be given refuge in India.

India Elected as Chair of the Association of Asian Election Authorities (AAEA) for 2022-24

  • India was unanimously elected as the new Chair of the Association of Asian Election Authorities (AAEA) for 2022-2024. The decision was taken at the meeting of the Executive Board and General Assembly in Manila, Philippines. Commission on Elections, Manila was the current chair of AAEA.
  • The Association of Asian Election Authorities (AAEA) was established in 1998, in pursuance of the resolution passed by participants of the Symposium on Asian Elections in the 21st Century held from January 26-29, 1997 in Manila, Philippines. The new member of the Executive Board now includes Russia, Uzbekistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Taiwan, and the Philippines. Currently, 20 Asian EMBs are members of AAEA. The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a founder member of the Election Management Body (EMB) of the AAEA. India also served on the Executive Board of the AAEA as the vice-chair during 2011-13 and chaired during 2014-16.
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