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DEFENCE - January 2021

Jan 2021

Sep 15, 2021

India to Test Agni-V with Tech to Deliver Multiple Nukes to Different Targets

  • India is set to conduct the first user trial of nuke capable intercontinental-range ballistic missile (ICBM) Agni-V signalling its early induction in the armed forces. Elaborate preparation has started at a defence facility off Odisha coast for the mission by the Strategic Forces Command of Indian Army. As per the schedule the 5,000 km range missile is likely to be flight-tested on September 23.
  • Developed by DRDO, the missile is capable of hitting targets in all Asian countries and parts of Africa and Europe. With a wiring of around seven-km, the 17-metre long, 2-metre wide, three-stage, solid-fuelled missile can carry a payload of 1.5 tonne and weighs around 50 tonne. India is the eighth country to have intercontinental ballistic missiles after the US, UK, Russia, China, France, Israel and North Korea.

Sep 13, 2021

North Korea Tests Long-range Cruise Missiles

  • North Korea has successfully test-fired what it described as newly developed long-range cruise missiles, its first known testing activity in months that underscored how it continues to expand its military capabilities amid a stalemate in nuclear negotiations with the United States.
  • The cruise missiles, which had been under development for two years, successfully hit targets 1,500 kilometres (932 miles) away during its flight tests.

India-Japan Sixth Maritime Affairs Dialogue

  • India and Japan held their sixth Maritime Affairs Dialogue in a virtual format.
  • The dialogue involved exchanges on developments in the areas of regional cooperation activities, maritime security environment as well as the opportunities for cooperation between both the countries in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • First round of India-Japan Maritime dialogue was held in 2013 in New Delhi.
  • During first round of dialogue, both the countries signed Acquisition and Cross Serving Agreement. This agreement allows access to military bases of each other.
  • Through this agreement, India has access Japan base in Djibouti and Japanese Navy has access Indian Naval base in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Cairo Announces Egyptian-Indian Naval Exercises

  • Egyptian and Indian naval forces carried out a naval exercise with the participation of the Egyptian frigate (Alexandria) and the Indian frigate (INS TABAR), within the scope of the Northern Fleet's operations in the Mediterranean.
  • The training came as a continuation of the joint exercises conducted by Egypt's naval forces with global forces, which aim to enhance the combat capabilities of naval units and their crews and support maritime security and stability in the region.
  • This exercise is the second of its kind conducted by the Indian frigate (INS TABAR) with units of the Egyptian Navy in the Northern Fleet. It supports the joint endeavour to exchange experiences between the Egyptian and Indian navies, and confirms the capabilities of the Egyptian Navy in working and coordinating with global naval forces to secure international navigation and transportation lines and support maritime security efforts in the region.

Sep 12, 2021

India's 1st Emergency Landing Facility on National Highway in Rajasthan

  • Union Defence Minister, Rajnath Singh and Union Highways Minister, Nitin Gadkari inaugurated the Emergency Landing Facility on a National Highway in Rajasthan.
  • This emergency landing facility has been constructed on the Satta-Gandhav stretch of National Highway (NH) 925A in Barmer, Rajasthan.
  • On the occasion, C-130J Super Hercules transport aircraft of Indian Air Force (IAF) landed at the emergency field landing at the National Highway in Jalore, Rajasthan.
  • This is the first time; a National Highway will be used for emergency landing of IAF aircraft.
  • National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) developed a three kilometres section of the Satta-Gandhav stretch on NH-925A, under the supervision of IAF.
  • This facility will be used for road traffic flow on every day basis. However, during the operations of IAF, it will be used to facilitate the landing of all types of aircraft of IAF.

Sep 11, 2021

IAF Inducts Barak 8 Air Defence System

  • The Indian Air Force inducted a medium range surface-to-air-missile (MRSAM) system capable of knocking out aerial threats such as enemy fighter jets, missiles, helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles at a range of 70 km. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh described the capability as a "game changer" in air defence.
  • India and Israel have jointly developed MRSAM or the Barak 8 air defence system that includes advanced radar, command and control systems, and mobile launchers. The missile is powered by a locally-developed rocket motor and control system for high manoeuvrability in the terminal phase.
  • A naval version of the MRSAM is already deployed on a few Indian warships to boost their anti-air warfare capabilities. The army too has placed orders for the MRSAM but it has not yet inducted the system.

Sep 10, 2021

IAF to Procure 56 New C-295 Transport Aircraft from Spain

  • In a major decision, the Cabinet Committee on Security approved the procurement of 56 C-295 medium transport aircraft for the Indian Air Force to replace its ageing Avro planes which were first inducted around 60 years ago.
  • Sixteen aircraft will be delivered in a flyaway condition by the Airbus Defence and Space of Spain within 48 months of signing the contract while the remaining 40 planes will be manufactured in India.
  • The 40 planes will be manufactured in India by a consortium of the Airbus Defence and Space and Tata Advanced Systems Limited (TASL) within 10 years of signing the contract.

India to Produce Brahmos-NG Cruise Missile

  • As per reports, a new generation of the BrahMos cruise missile (BrahMos-NG) will be produced at a plant near Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh, India).
  • BrahMos is a supersonic cruise missile produced by BrahMos Aerospace Russian-Indian joint venture. It was designed by the Russian NPO Mashinostroeniya (a subsidiary of the Tactical Missiles Corporation, KTRV) and DRDO. The first test launch took place in 2001. The Indian Air Force, Navy and Ground Forces are armed with BrahMos.
  • BrahMos-NG (Next Generation) is a mini version based on the existing BrahMos, will have same 290 km range and Mach 3.5 speed but it will weigh around 1.5 tonnes, 5 metres in length and 50 cm in diameter, making BrahMos-NG 50 per cent lighter and three metres shorter than its predecessor.
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