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DAYS AND EVENTS - November 2020

Nov 2020

Jun 18, 2021

Juneteenth a National Holiday

  • US President Joe Biden is to sign a law to make June 19 or "Juneteenth" a national holiday. This holiday will be recognised by federal government to commemorating end of slavery after American Civil War.
  • Bill to establish Juneteenth National Independence Day was supported in both houses of US Congress and now needs to be approved by the White House to become law.
  • It was passed in the backdrop of killing of George Floyd that triggered anti-racism protests in US.
  • Juneteenth is going to be the first new federal holiday created in almost four decades.

Autistic Pride Day

  • Autistic Pride Day is a pride celebration for autistic people held on June 18 each year. Autistic pride recognises the importance of pride for autistic people and its role in bringing about positive changes in the broader society.
  • Although Autistic Pride Day is June 18, pride events are often held on the weekend of that year for logistical reasons, but can be held at any time during the year.
  • Autistic Pride Day was first celebrated in 2005 by Aspies for Freedom (AFF), who selected June 18 because it was the birthday of the youngest member of the group at that time.

Jun 17, 2021

World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought

  • The United Nations General Assembly declared 17 June as World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought. Its purpose is to raise awareness of the presence of desertification and drought, highlighting methods of preventing desertification and recovering from drought. Each year's global celebration has a unique, novel emphasis that had not been developed previously.
  • This day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly resolution A/RES/49/115 on January 30, 1995, after the day when United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification is drafted.
  • Each year World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought has a theme, the theme for 2021 is 'Restoration, land and recovery. We build back better with healthy land'.

Jun 16, 2021

International Day of Family Remittances

  • The International Day of Family Remittances (IDFR) was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly and is observed on 16th June.
  • The IDFR recognises more than 200 million migrant workers, women and men, who send money home to over 800 million family members.
  • This day further highlights the great resilience of migrant workers in the face of economic insecurities, natural and climate related disasters and a global pandemic.
  • The IDFR is now globally recognised and is a key initiative in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (Objective 20), which urges the reduction of transfer costs and greater financial inclusion through remittances.

US Senate Votes to Make Juneteenth a Holiday

  • The US Senate has unanimously passed a bill to make Juneteenth, the day that marks the end of slavery in the nation, a federal holiday.
  • The measure now heads to the Democratic-led House, where it is all but certain to pass.
  • Democratic and Republican senators hailed the rare bipartisan measure in the evenly split chamber.
  • Juneteenth marks the day on 19th June 1865 when enslaved black people in Texas learned they had been freed.
  • Charles Schumer, the Democratic leader of the Senate, said: "Making Juneteenth a federal holiday is a major step forward to recognise the wrongs of the past, but we must continue to work to ensure equal justice and fulfil the promise of the Emancipation Proclamation and our Constitution."

Jun 15, 2021

World Elder Abuse Awareness Day

  • World Elder Abuse Awareness Day is dedicated to highlighting the issue of elder abuse. This day came into existence in June 2006 when a request was established to declare June 15 a special day for elders. But it was the year 2011 when the World Elder Abuse Awareness Day was officially recognized by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
  • The day was established after the UNGA officially acknowledged it in its resolution 66/127 in December 2011.
  • This year's theme for World Elder Abuse Awareness Day is 'Access to Justice'. It serves as a reminder of the importance to fully address the needs of older persons who may seek recourse.

Global Wind Day

  • World Wind Day or Global Wind Day is a worldwide event that is held every year on June 15. It is celebrated to inform about wind energy, it's power and the possibilities it holds to change the world.
  • World Wind Day is organised by WindEurope and Global Wind Energy Council. It is believed that wind energy may be able to change the world. National wind energy associations and companies involved in wind energy production organise events in many countries around the world.
  • Global Wind Day began in Europe in 2007 and globally in 2009.

NATO Summit Held in Brussels

  • NATO has kept its citizens safe for over 70 years and will continue to adapt in this decade and beyond. At the NATO Summit in Brussels in June 2021, NATO Leaders took decisions on a wide range of topics to address the security challenges of today and tomorrow.
  • A NATO summit is a summit meeting that is regarded as a periodic opportunity for heads of state and heads of government of NATO member countries to evaluate and provide strategic direction for Alliance activities. 
  • NATO summits are not regular meetings like the more frequent NATO ministerial meetings, but rather are important junctures in the alliance's decision-making process on the highest level. Summits are often used to introduce new policy, invite new members into the alliance, launch major new initiatives, and build partnerships with non-NATO countries.
  • From the founding of NATO in 1949, there have been a total of thirty NATO summits; the last of which was the UK summit in Watford held in December 2019. Only the traditional summits have received an official number, thereby excluding the exceptional summit of 2001 in NATO headquarters.

Jun 14, 2021

International Albinism Awareness Day

  • International Albinism Awareness Day is observed by the United Nations on June 13 every year. This year, the theme of the celebration is 'Strength Beyond All Odds'.
  • According to the global body, the theme was chosen to highlight the achievements of people with albinism around the world, show that people with albinism can defy all odds, celebrate how people with albinism worldwide meet and exceed expectations in all domains of life and encourage everyone during this time of a global pandemic to join the global effort to build back better.

World Day Against Child Labour 2021

  • World Day Against Child Labour is observed on 12 June every year around the world. The day aims to spread awareness about the illegal practice of child labour that still prevails. The objective of this day is also to spread awareness to eradicate it completely across the globe.
  • This special day was first observed in 2002 by the International Labour Organisation (ILO), a United Nations agency. As per the latest report by the ILO and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), child labour has increased to 160 million worldwide.
  • This year, the theme of World Day Against Child Labour is 'Act Now: End Child Labour'. Amid the coronavirus pandemic and global crisis, there has been a drastic surge in child labour across the world due to people facing employment woes.
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