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DEFENCE - November 2020

Nov 2020

Jun 16, 2021

India Opens Vacancies for Nepali Women in Military Police

  • In a first, the Indian Army has opened vacancies for Nepali women in Military Police. The announcement comes at a time when there are calls to abrogate the recruitment of Nepali youths in the Indian Army. The Army says that it wants to continue the recruitment of Nepali youths, both male and female, in a bid to widen the scope for the youngsters.
  • The Indian Embassy in Kathmandu has released the announcement calling for eligible Nepali females to submit their application through the online.
  • As per the criteria those who have passed class 10, aged between 16 and 21 years or those who were born between October 1, 2000, to between April 1, 2004, and height above than 152 cm can apply. 

Mazagon Dock to Deliver INS Visakhapatnam by October

    • Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd (MDSL) will deliver the first of the four stealth guided missile destroyers to the Indian Navy by October and a Scorpene-class submarine by the end of the fiscal year.
    • The state-run company under the defence ministry, which has an order book of nearly Rs. 50,000 crore, will hand over Visakhapatnam-class (Project 15B) destroyer INS Visakhapatnam to the navy in the next 3-4 months.
    • INS Visakhapatnam is the first of the four destroyers MDSL is building at its site in Mumbai, which is also one of the largest that the Indian Navy will possess.
    • While INS Visakhapatnam is currently undergoing sea trials, three other destroyers of the same class – INS Mormugao, INS Imphal, INS Porbandar – are under various stages of development at MDSL.

Jun 15, 2021

NATO Countries Ready to Collectively Respond to Attacks in Space

  • NATO leaders will expand the use of their all for one, one for all, collective defense clause to include attacks in space.
  • Article 5 of NATO's founding treaty states that an attack on any one of the 30 allies will be considered an attack on them all.
  • So far, it's only applied to more traditional military attacks on land, sea, or in the air, and more recently in cyberspace.

India Sets Eyes on Russian Sprut Light Tanks

  • India has set its eyes on procuring the Russian-made Sprut-SDM1 light tanks, to counter China in the mountainous terrain along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), and will also take part in the trials of the system starting late summer.
  • This will be a first for Russia because no other country has witnessed trials of a product that is under development.
  • India is keen on the 18-tonne Sprut because it shares the gun of the T-90 tank and fires the same kind of ammunition. India is currently operating T-90 and T-72 tanks, which are also Russian-origin, besides Arjun.
  • This will mean logistics and maintenance systems of the Sprut tanks will not have to be drastically different for the Armoured Corps.

China, India, Pakistan Expanding Nuclear Arsenal

  • The number of nuclear warheads which are ready and deployed to fire have increased globally, while closer to home, China is in the middle of a significant modernisation and expansion of its nuclear weapon inventory.
  • As per the reports, India and Pakistan also appear to be expanding their nuclear arsenals.
  • Swedish think-tank Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) released its "Yearbook 2021", which assesses the current state of armaments, disarmament and international security. In this report is an 80-page detailed reference on nuclear weapons.
  • The world has nine declared nuclear-armed states — the US, Russia, the UK, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and the North Korea — which together possess an estimated 13,080 nuclear weapons at the start of 2021. This marked a decrease from the 13,400 that SIPRI estimated these states possessed at the beginning of 2020.

Jun 14, 2021

498 cr. for Innovations for Defence Excellence Challenge Approved

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has approved the budgetary support of 498.8 crore to Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) challenge under the Defence Innovation Organisation (DIO) for the next five years.
  • The iDEX framework and establishment of the DIO by the Department of Defence Production (DDP) is aimed at promoting innovation and indigenisation in the aerospace and defence sector at the start-up level.
  • "The scheme, with budgetary support of 498.8 crore for the next five years, is aimed at providing financial support to nearly 300 start-ups, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), individual innovators and 20 partner incubators under the DIO framework," the Ministry said. It aims at empowering a culture of technology co-creation and co-innovation in the sector and boosts innovation among the start-ups and encourages them to be a part of the ecosystem.

A Year After Galwan Clash, China Beefing up Positions Along LAC

  • A year since the violent clash between the Armies of India and China in the Galwan Valley in eastern Ladakh, the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) has built additional accommodation in the depth areas along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) on its side and is preparing for the long haul, official sources said.
  • "PLA has built additional accommodations, both permanent and temporary, in Rudok, Kangxiwar, Gyantse and Golmud areas. Construction of field hospitals and procurement of additional snow mobility vehicles by the PLA also indicate that they are preparing for the long haul and permanent winter occupation of these posts," a source said.

Rajnath Singh Approves New Policy for Declassification of War History

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh approved a policy on archiving, declassification, compilation and publication of war and operations histories by the Ministry of Defence (MoD).
  • However, declassification of older wars like the 1962 war is not automatic and will be taken up on case by case basis by a committee to be constituted under the new policy.
  • "According to the policy, records should ordinarily be declassified in 25 years. Records older than 25 years should be appraised by archival experts and transferred to the National Archives of India once the war/operations histories have been compiled," the Ministry said.

Jun 13, 2021

NSG Signs MoU Aimed to Enhance Proficiency as Zero Error Force

  • With focus on a dual mission, the National Security Guard (NSG) and the Rashtriya Raksha University (RRU) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for cooperation and collaboration aimed at strengthening the core competencies of the NSG, which are counter-terrorism, counter-IEDs, and anti-hijacking. DG NSG M A Ganapathy and Prof (Dr) Bimal N Patel, Vice-Chancellor RRU signed the MoU at the Manesar campus of NSG.
  • The MoU also aims to contribute to capacity-building and providing assistance to Indian start-ups focused on security by helping them to understand the specific requirements and the problem statements formulated by NSG for design and research projects.
  • The aim of the MoU is to synergise the expertise of NSG & RRU to embolden innovation, incubation, training, research, and distance education in the field of security through the 'Security and Scientific-Technical Research Association' (SASTRA) and RRU's Integrated Space for e-Education (RISE) platform and tie-ups with Indian start-ups dealing with security-related products.
  • The MoU will cover major themes to get the benefits to NSG. It will establish global standards through collaboration in the field of security, infrastructure, education, knowledge and research as well as facilitate the accreditation and certification of all courses run by NSG. It will also give the much-needed impetus to National Bomb Data Centre by accreditation to its activities and creating AIML based IED data management software for NBDC and also bridging equipment gaps by developing solutions to problem statements through incubation start-ups by SASTRA RRU.

BRO Sets up 2 Centres of Excellence

  • Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated two centres of excellence established by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) at Seema Sadak Bhawan in New Delhi. At the event, Mr. Singh also flagged off the first-ever solo women motorcycle expedition by Kanchan Ugursandi to Umling La Pass, Ladakh and back.
  • The Centre of Excellence for Road Safety and Awareness (CoERSA) aims to create awareness about road safety through analysis sharing of road accidents and suggesting methods to save precious lives. "The Centre of Excellence for Roads, Bridges, Air Fields and Tunnels (CoERBAT) focuses on institutionalising the knowledge gained over the years in development of almost 60,000 kilometres of roads, 56,000 metres of bridges, 19 airfields and four tunnels in the eastern and north-western part of the country.

Jun 10, 2021

Two Women Army Officers Selected to Train as Combat Pilots

  • As per reports, two women army officers have for the first time been selected to train as helicopter pilots at the force's premier Combat Army Aviation Training School at Nashik in Maharashtra.
  • The development comes months after army Chief General Manoj Mukund Naravane cleared a proposal for allowing women officers to opt for the army's aviation wing. While women officers in the Indian Air Force and the Indian Navy fly helicopters, the Army Aviation Corps only inducted male officers until now. Pilots have to go through a stringent selection process.
  • Fifteen women officers volunteered to join army aviation. But only two were selected after the Pilot Aptitude Battery Test (PABT) and medicals.

Navies of India and Thailand Begin 3-day Coordinated Patrol in Andaman Sea

  • The Indian and Thai navies kicked off a three-day coordinated patrol in the Andaman Sea in the backdrop of growing concern over China's increasing maritime presence in the Indian Ocean region.
  • The Indian Navy's offshore patrol vessel INS Saryu and Thai ship Krabi along with Dornier maritime patrol aircraft from both navies are participating in the 31st edition of the India-Thailand coordinated patrol (CORPAT).
  • The two navies have been bi-annually undertaking CORPAT along their international maritime boundary line (IMBL) since 2005 with an aim to keep the vital part of the Indian Ocean safe and secure for global trade.
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