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DAYS AND EVENTS - September 2020

Sep 2020

Sep 30, 2020

International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste (29)

  • With a view to promote and implement global efforts to resolve the issue of food wastage, the United Nations General Assembly in 2019 designated 29 September as International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste. The idea was to take steps towards responsible consumption and production as well as zero hunger, along with working towards addressing the problem of climate change through sustainable food habits.
  • The first observance of the day, in 2020, comes as the world grapples with the Covid-19 pandemic, which makes it all the more urgent to relook at how our food production, consumption and distribution impacts the environment and the people around us.
  • The first theme for the new observance is "Stop food loss and waste. For the people. For the planet."

Harijan Sevak Sangh : Celebrating its Foundation Day

  • Harijan Sevak Sangh was founded on 30 September, in 1932, when Gandhi Ji was on fast in the Yervada Jail, Pune.
  • Just before that, during the Second Round Table Conferece in London in 1931, Gandhi ji had opposed the segregation of the depressed classes of the Hindu community into a separate electoral group.
  • Gandhi Ji said that, this step is a device of British government to create a split in the Hindu community in order to strengthen its policy of divide and rule.
  • So, on 30 September, Gandhi founded All India Anti Untouchability League, so as to remove untouchability in the society.
  • The league was later renamed as Harijan Sevak Sangh meaning "Servants of Untouchables Society".
  • In that regard, the Harijan- a weekly newspaper was also started.
  • This step of Gandhi ji to support the untouchables was further supported by Poet Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Harijan Sevak Sangh is a non-profit organisation which was founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1932 in order to eradicate untouchability in India, working for Harijan or Dalit people and their upliftment. It is headquartered at Kingsway Camp in Delhi having its branches in 26 states across India. Ghanshyam Das Birla was its founding president and Amritlal Takkar was its Secretary.

International Translation Day

  • International Translation Day is an international day celebrated every year on 30 September on the feast of St. Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators. The celebrations have been promoted by International Federation of Translators (FIT) ever since it was set up in 1953. In 1991 FIT launched the idea of an officially recognised International Translation Day to show solidarity of the worldwide translation community in an effort to promote the translation profession in different countries (not necessarily only in Christian ones). This is an opportunity to display pride in a profession that is becoming increasingly essential in the era of progressing globalisation. In line with the celebration of 2019 as International Year of Indigenous Languages, the theme for 2019 is Translation and Indigenous Languages.
  • The United Nations General Assembly has passed on May 24, 2017, a resolution declaring September 30 as International Translation Day, an act to recognise the role of professional translation in connecting nations.Eleven countries – Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Paraguay, Qatar, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Vietnam – are the signatories of Draft Resolution A/71/L.68. In addition to the International Federation of Translators, several other organisations have been advocating for this resolution to be adopted: International Association of Conference Interpreters, Critical Link International, International Association of Professional Translators and Interpreters, Red T, World Association of Sign Language Interpreters.

Sep 29, 2020

World Heart Day

  • World Heart Day is annually observed on September 29 around the globe in an effort to raise public awareness about cardiovascular diseases, their prevention and global impact. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) claim the lives of around 17.9 million people each year, as per data collected by the World Health Organisation (WHO), and it results in 31% of all global deaths. These diseases, which manifest primarily as heart attacks and strokes, are triggered by excessive use of tobacco, unhealthy diets, a lack of physical activity and alcohol abuse. All of these unhealthy lifestyle choices result in raised blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, overweight and obesity, and risks detrimental to good heart health.

Amit Shah Inaugurates the "Destination North East-2020" Festival

  • Union Home Minister Amit Shah inaugurated Destination North East 2020, a four-day festival to promote and showcase the region's tourism, culture, heritage and business.
  • The inauguration took place through video conferencing and was attended by Union Minister for Development of North East Region (DONER) Jitendra Singh and the Chief Ministers of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Nagaland and Sikkim.
  • Mr. Shah said that people in the region have preserved and promoted their rich and diverse languages, traditions and culture beautifully despite a lot of challenges. I am sure with the initiatives taken by our government, the region will become one of the most sought after tourist destinations in coming years.
  • Destination Northeast is an annual festival organised by the DONER ministry with the objective of showcasing and celebrating the region to other parts of the country in order to strengthen national integration.
  • The theme for this year's event is 'The Emerging Delightful Destinations' and will be a virtual event due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • The festival held earlier at Varanasi, Chandigarh and Delhi had attracted lots of visitors and educated people in those places about the northeast.

Sep 28, 2020

Israelis Mark Yom Kippur

  • The solemn Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur, which annually sees Israeli life grind to a halt, began on Sunday in a nation already under a sweeping coronavirus lockdown.
  • Every year, businesses shut down, roads empty out and even radio and TV stations go silent as the faithful fast for 25 hours and hold intensive prayers of atonement on the holiest day in the Jewish calendar. The more secular-minded can be seen riding bikes or even picnicking on deserted highways. The holiday began at sundown on Sunday.
  • But this year all non-essential businesses have already been forced to close, and Israelis have been ordered to stay within 1,000 metres (yards) of their homes throughout the High Holidays, which began last week with the Jewish New Year and continue to mid-October.

International Day for Universal Access to Information

  •  The 74th United Nations General Assembly proclaimed on 15th October 2019 that 28th September 2020 would observe the International Day for Universal Access to Information. The 2020 edition of the day focuses on the right to information in the times of crisis. It is celebrated to showcase the advantages of statutory and constitutional policies in order to provide public access to information.
  • • The day is commonly called as the Access to Information Day.
  • • It was designated by the UNESCO General Conference, initially.
  • • The day was inaugurated in November 2015.
  • • This day was first observed on 28 September 2016.
  • • Since 2002, the day had been recognized as International Right to Know Day.

Sep 27, 2020

World Rivers Day

  • World Rivers Day is observed every year on the fourth Sunday of September.
  • In 2005, the United Nations launched the Water for Life Decade to help create a greater awareness of the need to better care for our water resources. Following this, the establishment of World Rivers Day was in response to a proposal initiated by internationally renowned river advocate, Mark Angelo.
  • The proposal for a global event to celebrate rivers was based on the success of BC Rivers Day, which Mark Angelo had founded and led in western Canada since 1980. River enthusiasts from around the world came together to organise the inaugural WRD event.

World Tourism Day

  • Since 1980, the United Nations World Tourism Organisation has celebrated World Tourism Day as international observances on September 27. This date was chosen as on that day in 1970, the Statutes of the UNWTO were adopted. The adoption of these Statutes is considered a milestone in global tourism. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness on the role of tourism within the international community and to demonstrate how it affects social, cultural, political and economic values worldwide.
  • Tourism has been among the hardest hit of all sectors by the COVID-19 pandemic. No country has been unaffected. Restrictions on travel and a sudden drop in consumer demand have led to an unprecedented fall in international tourism numbers, which in turn have led to economic loss and the loss of jobs.
  • The tourism crisis is also a threat to wildlife conservation initiatives and to the protection of the world's cultural heritage. The sudden fall in tourism revenues has cut off funding for biodiversity conservation. With livelihoods at risk in and around protected areas, cases of poaching and looting are expected to rise. With 90% of World Heritages Sites closed as a result of the pandemic, humanity's cultural heritage is at risk in all parts of the world.
  • For the first time in the history of World Tourism Day, the 2020 official celebration was hosted by a group of countries and not a single UNWTO Member State. The cross-border cooperation of the MERCOSUR Member States (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, plus Chile, Member Associate) reflects the current need for international solidarity and cooperation. This is especially true for tourism, working together towards a common goal.
  • World Tourism Day this year focuses on the theme "Tourism and Rural Development". The theme encourages the celebration of the unique role played by tourism in job creation outside of the big cities. It also in a huge way helps in the conservation of cultural and natural heritage of nations.

Sep 26, 2020

European Day of Languages

  • The European Day of Languages is observed 26th September, as proclaimed by the Council of Europe on 6 December 2001, at the end of the European Year of Languages (2001), which had been jointly organised by the Council of Europe and the European Union. Its aim is to encourage language learning across Europe.
  • The general objectives of the European Day of Languages are to:
  • Alert the public to the importance of language learning and diversify the range of languages learned in order to increase plurilingualism and intercultural understanding;
  • Promote the rich linguistic and cultural diversity of Europe;
  • Encourage lifelong language learning in and out of school.
  • In keeping with these rules, people, young and old, are encouraged to take up a language, or take special pride in their existing language skills. Also, those responsible for providing access to language learning are encouraged to make it easier for people to learn a range of languages, and to support policy initiatives to promote languages. There is also emphasis on learning a language other than English.
  • There are about 225 indigenous languages in Europe – roughly 3% of the world's total. Most of the European languages are of Indo-European origin.
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