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DAYS AND EVENTS - June 2020

Jun 2020

Jun 30, 2020

World Asteroid Day

  • World Asteroid Day or International Asteroid Day celebrated in the remembrance of the Tunguska impact over Siberia, Russia. It took place on 30th June 1908. It is said that it was the Earth's largest asteroid impact ever recorded so far.
  • The United Nations General Assembly in December 2016 adopted a resolution A/RES/71/90 and designated 30 June as International Asteroid Day. The day marks the anniversary of the Tunguska event.
  • Asteroids are small rocky bodies that orbit around the Sun. In the asteroid belt most of the asteroids are found. The asteroid belt is the region between the orbit of Mars and Jupiter. Asteroids are also leftover materials from the formation of the solar system. Size of asteroids vary and can be hundreds of miles in diameter and various asteroids are as small as pebbles also.

Jun 29, 2020

International Day of Tropics

  • United Nations (UN) International Day of the Tropics is observed annually on 29th June to raise awareness about the challenges faced by the tropical areas and the importance of the tropical areas in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
  • The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared June 29th as the International Day of the Tropics in its resolution A/RES/70/267 adopted in 2016.
  • June 29th is chosen as the date to commemorate the inaugural State Of The Tropics (SOTT) Report launched on 29th June 2014 which discusses the importance of the tropical regions.

National Statistics Day

  • India celebrates June 29th as the National Statistics Day to recognise the contribution of statistics in daily life and to educate the general public on the importance of statistics in socio-economic planning and policy formulation. The first National Statistics Day was celebrated on 29th June 2007.
  • The theme of 2020 National Statistics Day is "SDG- 3 (Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages) & SDG- 5 (Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls)".
  • June 29th is chosen to celebrate the National Statistics Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, who established the National Statistical System, founder of Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) and contributed to the field of economic planning and statistical development of India.
  • Prof. Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was known as "Father of Indian Statistics". He was born on 29th June 1893. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1968 for his contribution to science and services.

Jun 26, 2020

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking

  • The International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking, also known as 'World Drug Day', is celebrated annually on 26th June since 1989. The theme of World Drug Day 2020 is "Better Knowledge for Better Care."
  • The date June 26 is to commemorate Lin Zexu's dismantling of the opium trade in Humen, Guangdong, ending in June 25 1839,just before the First Opium War in China. The observance was instituted by General Assembly Resolution 42/112 of 7 December 1987.
  • The day is used to highlight the dangers of drug abuse and bring awareness to people on how to deal with it. The UNODC has over the years been participating actively by launching campaigns to gain support for drug control. It also often teams up with other organisations to encourage people to take part in the campaigns. There have been many public rallies to promote awareness about the dangers of illicit drug use, with governments and organisations taking the lead in organising such events.

Jun 24, 2020

Puri Jagannath Rath Yatra

  • For the first time in its history, the famous Rath Yatra of the Jagannath temple in Puri, Odisha, began with priests pulling the three colourful chariots of the presiding deities in the absence of the tens of thousands of devotees who typically throng the town every year for the annul event.
  • Around 1,500 priests of the iconic 12th century temple milled around the wooden chariots which they started pulling from the main temple to the Gundicha Temple amid the beating of cymbals and drums in praise of the Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra and Goddess Subhadra.
  • The pulling of the chariots - Nandighosh, Taladwaja and Darpadalana - is the foremost ritual of the festival. It was performed by the priests who had been tested for Covid-19 on Monday.The Supreme Court had allowed the conduct of the Rawth Yatra, recalling its order that prohibited the event, but laid down strict conditions, including a ban on pubic attendance and the imposition of a curfew in Puri during the festivities.

Project 'Decarbonising Transport in India'

  • For reducing the carbon dioxide emission caused due to transportation in the country, NITI Aayog launched the project 'Decarbonising Transport in India' in June 2020. The project is in collaboration with the International Transport Forum (ITF).
  • To meet the goals related to climate/ climate change in the country, it is essential for the Government to work on reducing the emission of Greenhouse Gases. Through this project, an assessment framework will be designed that will be tailor-made for transport emissions in India.
  • This framework will provide the Government with much needed detailed inputs on the current and future transport challenges that are related to carbon dioxide emission. Based on the outcomes from the project, a pathway towards a low carbon transport system in India will be created.
  • ITF is a think tank for transport policy issues. It is headquartered in Paris, France. It is an intergovernmental organisation with the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCED).

Jun 23, 2020

International Olympic Day

  • International Olympic Day is celebrated across the world on June 23 every year to mark the importance of games and sports in our lives and to promote participation in games and sports across the world, irrespective of age, gender, cast or religion.
  • The International Olympic Day was first celebrated on June 23, 1894 in nine countries -- Austria, Belgium, Canada, Great Britain, Greece, Portugal, Switzerland, Uruguay and Venezuela. The National Olympic Committees of these nine countries had organised ceremonies and competitions, marking the importance of sports in our lives. Since then, International Olympic Day is celebrated on June 23 every year across the world.
  • This event also marked the start of "modern Olympic Movement" and soon the International Olympic Committee was founded with France's Charles Pierre de Frédy becoming its first President. Therefore, he is also known as the "father of modern Olympic Games.

I&B Minister Virtually Inaugurates India Pavilion at Cannes Film Market 2020

  • Information and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar inaugurated the India Pavilion at the Cannes Film Market 2020 virtually. Mr. Javadekar highlighted the government's initiative of instituting Film Facilitation Centres for granting quick and easy clearances for shooting of International Films in the Country. Mr. Javadekar called upon global film makers to shoot movies in India and produce them for the global market. He informed that the Marathi movie Mai Ghat and Gujarati movie Hellaro, are the official entrants to be showcased in the Cannes film festival this year.
  • The Minister also launched the poster and information booklet for the 51st International Film Festival of India (IFFI) , slated to held in Goa from the 20th November this year.
  • One of the most prestigious film festivals and cinema's largest annual gathering, Cannes Film Festival had earlier postponed its 73rd edition of this year due to the Coronavirus pandemic.

United Nations Public Service Day

  • The United Nations Public Service Day is celebrated on June 23 of every year. The prestigious UN Public Service Awards are given away on this day. The UN Public Service Day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly's resolution A/RES/57/277 of 2003, to celebrate the value and virtue of public service to the community. The United Nations Economic and Social Council established that the United Nations Public Service Awards be bestowed on Public Service Day for contributions made to the cause of enhancing the role, prestige, and visibility of public service.
  • The day also marks the anniversary of the date when the International Labour Organization adopted the Convention on Labour Relations (Public Service), 1978 (No. 151). This Convention is a framework for determining working conditions of all civil servants across the world.

India's First Virtual Healthcare & Hygiene EXPO 2020

  • The Minister of State for Shipping (Independent charge) and Chemicals & Fertilisers Mansukh Mandaviya introduced India's largest 1st Virtual Healthcare & Hygiene EXPO 2020. This Expo has been organised by Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI).
  • This unique exhibition aims to give a boost to such health and hygiene endeavours. This is the first-ever largest virtual exhibition in India making a new beginning. This is the new norm, wherein a business will happen virtually as Digital India is now making a way forward. The government giving incentives for setting up of Bulk Drug Parks and Medical Device Parks in the country which will act as a cog in the wheel of Atmanirbharat Abhiyan.

International Widows Day

  • International Widows Day is a United Nations ratified day of action to address the poverty and injustice faced by millions of widows and their dependents in many countries. The day takes place annually on 23rd June.
  • International Widows Day was established by The Loomba Foundation to raise awareness of the issue of widowhood. The significance of 23rd June is that it was on that day in 1954 that Shrimati Pushpa Wati Loomba, mother of the foundation's founder, Lord Loomba, became a widow.
  • The first International Widows Day took place in 2005 and was launched by Lord Loomba and the foundation's president, Cherie Blair. By the sixth International Widows Day in 2010, events were held in Rwanda, Sri Lanka, the United States, the UK, Nepal, Syria, Kenya, India, Bangladesh and South Africa.
  • This year the theme is 'I am Generation Equality: Realizing Women's Rights', which is aligned with UN Women's new multi-generational campaign, Generation Equality.
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