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DAYS AND EVENTS - April 2020

Apr 2020

Aug 04, 2021

U.S. Coast Guard Day

  • The U. S. Coast Guard Day is held every August 4 to honour the establishment of the U.S. Coast Guard and the courageous work of the service members of the Coast Guard.
  • The United States Coast Guard was established on 4th August, 1790 by Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton and later on known as the Revenue Marine.
  • The Coast Guard that we see today went with several changes. The Congress Act was signed by President Woodrow Wilson and converted into law. According to this law, the Revenue Marine was combined with another agency known as the United States Life-Saving Service with the intent of having a single entity responsible for maritime law enforcement and life-saving.
  • After merger and consolidation, it grew larger. The merger took place in 1915 and changed the name to the United States Coast Guard.

Act East: India, ASEAN FMs Meet

  • External Affairs Minister Dr. S Jaishankar will take part in the India-ASEAN Foreign Ministers meet virtually.
  • Brunei will be the host of the meeting. The meeting will see the focus on COVID-19 cooperation and connectivity as the top priority. The meet is part of the annual mechanism and the group has a similar mechanism with the US, Australia, Russia, Canada and New Zealand.
  • A number of engagements take place between ASEAN and India annually including at the leaders level. Earlier this year the 23rd ASEAN-India senior officials meeting had taken place and was co-chaired by Secretary (East) of the external affairs ministry Riva Ganguly Das and the Permanent Secretary of the Foreign Affairs Ministry and SOM Leader of Thailand Thani Thongphakdi.

Aug 01, 2021

Muslim Women Rights Day

  • The Ministry of Minority Affairs announced that "Muslim Women Rights Day" will be observed across the country on August 1. It will celebrate the second anniversary of the enactment of the law against triple talaq.
  • The practice of granting instant divorce was classified as a criminal offence through a law enforced by the government on August 1, 2019. Though the Centre faced issues in clearing the bill through the Rajya Sabha, it finally succeeded in achieving the goal on July 31, 2019.
  • Naqvi, along with Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani and Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav attended a programme in New Delhi to observe the "Muslim Women Rights Day".
  • The 2017 bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 27 December 2018. However, in the Rajya Sabha the opposition demanded it to be sent to the Standing Committee. As the bill stood not passed in the parliamentary session, an ordinance which had made the bill operative, expired on 22 January 2019. The government re-promulgated an identical bill on 10 January 2019. This bill was passed in the Lok Sabha but was again stalled in the Rajya Sabha. The bill lapsed again when the Parliamentary session adjourned sine die in April 2019.
  • The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Ordinance, 2019 was to expire on 29 August 2019, six weeks after start of parliamentary session, post the 2019 Indian general elections. The government introduced a new bill in the Lok Sabha on 21 June 2019. It was passed by the Lok Sabha on 25 July 2019 and by the Rajya Sabha on 30 July 2019. The bill was assented to by the President, Ram Nath Kovind, on 31 July 2019. It was subsequently notified in the gazette on the same day. The act is retrospectively effective from 19 September 2018.

Jul 30, 2021

World Day Against Trafficking in Persons

  • World Day Against Trafficking in Persons is marked every year on July 30 to create awareness around people who are being trafficked and are taken away against their will. It helps to educate others that trafficking in persons is a crime exploiting even women and children for tragic jobs like forced labour and sex. This day gives an opportunity to understand the harms of human trafficking and its impact on the life of the people.
  • This day was designated by the United Nations General Assembly as a means to combat the issues that are caused due to human trafficking. The day was declared with the aim of raising awareness around the victims of human trafficking. It also helps raise funds for those victims.
  • The theme for this year for the World Day Against Trafficking in Persons is 'Victims' voices lead the way.'

System Administrator Appreciation Day

  • System Administrator Appreciation Day, also known as Sysadmin Day, SysAdminDay, is an annual event created by system administrator Ted Kekatos. The event exists to show appreciation for the work of sysadmins and other IT workers. It is celebrated on the last Friday in July.
  • The first System Administrator Appreciation Day was celebrated on July 28, 2000. Kekatos was inspired to create the special day by a Hewlett-Packard magazine advertisement in which a system administrator is presented with flowers and fruit-baskets by grateful co-workers as thanks for installing new printers. Kekatos had just installed several of the same model printers at his workplace.

Jul 29, 2021

International Tiger Day

  • International Tiger Day also known as World Tiger Day is observed every year on 29 July. The day is observed to spread awareness about dangers faced by tigers.
  • World Tiger Day was first observed in the year 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia. A total of thirteen tiger range countries came together and decided a global goal to double the number of wild tigers by the year 2022.

Jul 28, 2021

World Hepatitis Day

  • World Hepatitis Day (WHD) is celebrated every year on July 28 in order to spread awareness about viral hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver that can cause severe liver disease and hepatocellular cancer. This day is an opportunity to raise awareness of the importance of knowing one's hepatitis status and to spread the word about its treatment.
  • This day is marked on July 28 on the birthday of Nobel Prize-winning scientist Dr. Baruch Blumberg to honour him. He discovered the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). He also developed a diagnostic test and vaccine to treat the Hep-B virus.
  • The theme for World Hepatitis Day 2021 was 'Hepatitis Can't Wait', conveying the urgency of efforts needed to eliminate hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030.

World Nature Conservation Day

  • World Nature Conservation Day is observed on July 28 every year. The day marks the importance of nature and environment. Special awareness campaigns are organised worldwide to acknowledge that a healthy environment is a foundation for a stable and healthy human society.
  • World Nature Conservation Day assumes significance as the main purpose is to conserve resources that play a pivotal role in protecting Earth.
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