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ART AND CULTURE - January 2020

Jan 2020

Jul 28, 2021

UNESCO Adds 4 Natural, 3 Cultural Sites to World Heritage List

  • Four natural sites and three cultural sites were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  • The natural sites added are the four islands with rich biodiversity in Japan; a coastal area of geo-diversity and bio-diversity in South Korea; part of the mountain ridge running down the Malay Peninsula in Thailand; and a corridor along the eastern coast of the Black Sea in Georgia, reports Xinhua news agency.
  • The three cultural sites are the Dutch Water Defence Lines; the Arslantepe Mound archaeological tell in Turkey; and the Colonies of Benevolence in Belgium and the Netherlands.

Harappan-era city Dholavira Inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List

  • Dholavira, a Harappan-era metropolis, in Gujarat has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
  • The ongoing 44th session of the World Heritage Committee of the UNESCO has already given India a new world heritage site in the form of the Rudreswara/ Ramappa Temple in Telangana, which dates back to the 13th century.
  • Gujarat so far has three world heritage sites Champaner near Pavagadh, Rani ki Vav in Patan and the historic city of Ahmedabad.
  • This session of the World Heritage Committee is being chaired from Fuzhou in China and is being held online. It started on July 16 and will end on July 31.

Jul 27, 2021

Ancient Rock Art Complex Hima Saudi Arabia's Sixth UNESCO World Heritage Site

  • Saudi Arabia's cultural credentials have been boosted further by the inclusion of Hima, one of the largest rock art complexes in the world, on UNESCO's World Heritage list. The site is the sixth to be enlisted in the country, joining the At-Turaif district in ad-Dir'iyah northwest of Riyadh and Hegra in Al-Ula, the sandstone landscape in the northwestern desert.
  • Hima is "located in an arid, mountainous area of southwest Saudi Arabia, on one of the Arabian Peninsula's ancient caravan routes, Ḥimā Cultural Area contains a substantial collection of rock art images depicting hunting, fauna, flora and lifestyles in a cultural continuity of 7,000 years." Inscriptions are in different scripts, including Musnad, Aramaic-Nabatean, South-Arabian, Thamudic, Greek and Arabic.
  • Other new additions to the Unesco world heritage list include the Darmstadt Artists' Colony on Mathildenhöhe, Germany, and the Lighthouse of Cordouan at the mouth of the Gironde estuary in France. The Great Spa Towns of Europe—including Baden-Baden (Germany), Montecatini Terme (Italy) and Bath (United Kingdom)—have also been included as a grouping on the world heritage list.

Ancient Ship and Burial Ground Discovered in Underwater City in Egypt

  • Archaeologists have discovered the 2,200-year-old wreck of an ancient Egyptian ship that sank after being struck with giant blocks from the famous temple of Amun. The so-called galley along with a burial ground was discovered beneath the Mediterranean Sea in Thonis-Heracleion, a city that fell into the water long ago.
  • The ship is called a fast galley, a type of vessel with a large sail that would have been propelled to relatively high speeds by a team of oarsmen. The recently discovered fast galley is 82 feet (25 meters) long with a flat keel, a feature that is commonly found among ancient vessels that navigated the Nile River. It "sank after being hit by huge blocks from the famed temple of Amun, which was totally destroyed [during] a cataclysmic event in the second century B.C.," a team of archaeologists said in an emailed statement released by the European Institute for Underwater Archaeology.
  • At the site of this sunken city, the archaeologists also discovered a burial ground that was in use as far back as 2,400 years ago. The team found elaborately decorated pottery, including one piece that appears to have images of waves painted on it.
  • Archaeologists also found a gold amulet depicting Bes, an Egyptian god associated with childbirth and fertility. Ancient Egyptians sometimes used images of the god to protect young children and women giving birth.

Jul 26, 2021

Madrid's Retiro Park on World Heritage List

  • Madrid's tree-lined Paseo del Prado boulevard and the adjoining Retiro Park have been added to UNESCO's World Heritage list. The UNESCO World Heritage Committee, holding an online meeting from Fuzhou, China, backed the candidacy that highlighted the green area's introduction of nature into Spain's capital. The influence the properties have had on the design of other cities in Latin America was also applauded by committee members.

Telangana's Ramappa Temple Conferred UNESCO Heritage Tag

  • The Ramappa temple at Palampet in Telangana's Warangal has been conferred the tag of UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Ramappa temple, a 13th century engineering marvel named after its architect, Ramappa, was proposed by the government as its only nomination for the UNESCO World Heritage site tag for the year 2019.
  • The iconic Ramappa Temple showcases outstanding craftsmanship of great Kakatiya dynasty.

Jul 25, 2021

Hyderabad's Kalakriti Art Gallery Goes 'Phygital'

  • The pandemic prompted art galleries across India to enhance the virtual experience of viewing and buying art. Some of them upgraded their websites to host virtual exhibitions. Hyderabad-based Kalakriti art gallery is going a step further to give art lovers a 'phygital' (physical and digital) experience, incorporating elements of virtual reality (VR), augmented reality (AR) and artificial intelligence (AI).
  • The gallery established in 2002 recently moved to a new address on Road no. 4, Banjara Hills. The multi-level premise intends to become a cultural hub that hosts art events, talks, book readings and cultural performances. The 4000 square feet gallery space on the ground floor can host three exhibitions simultaneously and offer a seamless digital experience.

Jul 24, 2021

Three Monuments Identified as Adarash Smarak: Andhra Pradesh

  • Three monuments in the State of Andhra Pradesh have been identified under the Adarsh Smarak Scheme. These monuments will be provided with additional amenities and will be made into more tourist-friendly sites.
  • This was announced by the Union Minister of Tourism, Culture and Development of North Eastern Region G Kishan Reddy
  • The Buddhist remains at Salihundam in Srikakulam, monuments at Nagarjunakonda in Guntur and Veerabhadra temple (Lepakshi) in Anantapur have been selected under the Adarsh Smarak Scheme.
  • They will be provided with various additional facilities like cafeteria, Wi-Fi, Braille signages, interpretation centre, illumination etc.
  • Currently, there are 135 sites in Andhra Pradesh which are centrally protected monuments and they are provided with amenities various Upgradation in a regular manner.
  • This scheme was launched by the Ministry of Culture in the year 2014. Under this scheme improved visitor amenities are provided to attract tourists. This scheme has been taken up to maintain and develop 100 monuments protected monuments in the country.
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