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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION - January 2020

Jan 2020

Jan 31, 2020

India's First Case of Coronavirus in Kerala

  • India reported its first case of novel coronavirus infection, with the Union health ministry confirming that a student who came back to Kerala from China's Wuhan tested positive for the infection.
  • Kerala health officials said that the female student is stable and is being closely monitored.
  • Health officials said that isolation wards ready in all hospitals and medical college in the state. The state is on high alert after detection of first case in the country.
  • In all, 806 people are under observation in Kerala.

Jan 30, 2020

University of Auckland Ranked Number One Globally

  • The University of Auckland's commitment to sustainability and positive social impact helped it achieve the number one spot in the new global rankings.
  • The global ranks were released by The Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Ratings, which measures how well educational institutions are delivering on the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The goals were adopted in 2016 to provide a framework for developing the world in a sustainable way.
  • The Impact Rankings are the first global attempt to measure the broader impact universities have on society, and the difference they make in the world. Universities' impacts are assessed by measuring them against some of the United Nations' 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

First Human Transmission in Germany

  • A German man who contracted the novel strain of coronavirus was infected by a colleague visiting from China, in what appeared to be the first human-to-human transmission in Europe. A 33-year-old German man attended a training session held by a visiting Chinese colleague in the Bavaria region. He tested positive for the virus.

Record Hike in Indian Students at UK Capital Universities

  • A record hike in the number of Indian students choosing London universities has resulted in India regaining the third spot in the UK capital's overseas students tally, after China and the US. According to an analysis of new data from the UK's Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) released in 2020, Indian student numbers in London grew by 34.7 per cent in 2018-19, marking the largest numbers since 2011-12. India's rise up one rank comes at the expense of Italy, which slipped one place down to fourth, followed by France in fifth place – marking a promising rise of students from outside the European Union (EU) ahead of Brexit Day.

Jan 29, 2020

'Samvidhaan' is Hindi Word of 2019

  • Oxford University Press (OUP) named 'Samvidhaan' (Constitution) the Oxford Hindi Word of 2019, saying it received widespread attention in the year which was witness to the spirit of the Indian Constitution being embraced across segments of the society.
  • It said that the word was chosen as 2019 saw the values of democracy, secularism, justice, liberty, equality and fraternity being tested on the touchstone of the Constitution or 'Samvidhaan'.
  • The Oxford Hindi Word of the Year is a word or expression that has attracted a great deal of attention and reflects the ethos, mood, or preoccupations of the past year.

Prostate Overtakes Breast as most Common Cancer

  • Latest figures show that prostate cancer is now the most commonly diagnosed cancer in England, overtaking breast cancer for the first time.
  • In 2018 there were nearly 50,000 registered cases - around 8,000 more than in 2017.
  • Public Health England said that it is because more men are getting tested.
  • And that is thanks to celebrities, like Stephen Fry and Bill Turnbull, raising awareness by speaking out about their own experiences.
  • In 2018, there were 316,680 cancers of any kind diagnosed, the equivalent of 868 cases a day.
  • Prostate was the most common type - 49,029 cases - followed by breast - 47,476 cases.
  • Lung and bowel cancers were the next most commonly diagnosed.

Jan 28, 2020

IIT Gandhinagar to House 50 Corporate R&D Centres

  • Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar is building a research park that will house 50 corporate R&D centres at an investment of around Rs. 100 crore. A sizeable portion of this will be dedicated to micro and small enterprises sector that is known for its growth prospect and job creations.
  • The 200,000-square-feet facility, one of the largest among new national institutions, has bagged a grant of Rs. 90 crore from the department of science and technology (DST). Rest of the funding, including recurring cost, will come from the institution.
  • Pandey said, while 10 R&D centres will be of large companies and government departments, between 20 and 25 will be from the MSME sector and rest will be startups. Nine R&D facilities have already come on board.

Nigria: Lassa Fever has Killed 29 in January, 2020

  • Nigerian health authorities have announced stepped-up emergency measures to tackle a rise in Lassa fever cases after 29 people died this month. As on 24th of January 2020, 195 confirmed cases and 29 deaths had been reported in 11 states.

After HC order, JNU Allows Students to Register without Paying Hiked Fee

  • Following a Delhi High Court order, the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) administration allowed students to register for the current semester without paying the revised hostel feel and any late payment penalty. The move has created discontent among a section of the students who had registered earlier by paying the hiked hostel fee, with some of them saying that they should get a refund.
  • The Delhi High Court had allowed the remaining 10% students to register on the older fee rates, after the JNU Students Union (JNUSU) had moved court seeking withdrawal of the new fee structure.

Mumbai Gets Second All-women Post Office

  • The city's second 'mahila dakghar' - post office operated by women staffers was inaugurated by operations member, Department of Posts, Arundhaty Ghosh at Mahim Bazaar.
  • All the official positions at the post office, from postmaster in-charge to counter persons, will be managed by women. They will manage and supervise all types of work including, Savings Bank Counters, Multipurpose registration booking counters, Aadhaar Centre, India Posts Payment Bank and Treasury work.
  • Until now, Mumbai had only one all-women post office, which is located in the Fort area and managed by five women employees.

Jan 27, 2020

India Steps up Vigil on Borders after Nepal Confirms First Coronavirus Case

  • Over 29,700 passengers from 137 flights were screened for novel coronavirus infection at seven identified airports in the country but no positive case was detected.
  • Over 100 people have been kept under observation in Kerala and Maharashtra following screening for a possible exposure to novel coronavirus (nCov) as the Prime Minister's Office reviewed India's preparedness to deal with any situation amid mounting global concern over rising cases in China.
  • In response to confirmed case of #nCoV2019 in #Nepal, India has stepped up vigil in districts bordering Nepal. Health Teams were deployed at BOP with Nepal at Jhulaghat and Jauljibi, Dist Pithoragarh, #Uttarakhand.

Centre Enrols Hospitals Run by Railways, PSUs in PMJAY

  • As per reports, India is aiming to plug significant gaps in providing healthcare in smaller cities and towns under the ambitious Ayushman Bharat programme by signing up hospitals operated by state-run companies and Indian Railways.
  • NITI Aayog adviser Alok Kumar had raised concerns about the world's largest health insurance programme at an industry event in November. He said that a number of hospitals in smaller cities—including those run by state-run enterprises—are underutilised, even though there is strong demand for their services in these regions especially because of the insurance programme.
  • Singrauli, the power capital of India, has hospitals of NTPC and Coal India Ltd; all of them underutilised (like) shells standing. Railway hospitals (are like) shells standing but not being utilised efficiently enough.
  • Since the letter was written, 236 hospitals have got themselves empanelled under the health insurance scheme, officially called Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), while nearly 700 more that are left are in talks to join the scheme.
  • The 236 hospitals operated by public sector undertakings (PSUs) include 91 operated by the ministry of railways, in places such as Itarsi in Madhya Pradesh, Ajmer, Kota, Jodhpur and Jaipur in Rajasthan, Gaya and Garhara in Bihar, Gonda and Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh, among others, according to a document seen by Mint. Another 36 hospitals under ministry of coal, at places like Korba, Churcha, Bisrampur and Kurasia, have also been empanelled.

Discussion on Constitution Compulsory in Schools

  • The Chhattisgarh government made it mandatory for all educational institutions in the state to have an hour of "discussion sessions" on the Indian Constitution. The state education department conveyed the decision in a letter addressed to collectors and divisional commissioners
  • The discussions are to be held every Monday after the morning assembly, said the letter by the Chhattisgarh education department. The letter also tells what is to be discussed every week, starting with the Preamble in the first week.
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