Call Support +91-85588-96644
TCY online

Login

Sign Up

Please enter a Username or Email ID
Please enter a password
Keep me logged in
Please enter your name
Please enter your mobile number
You can't leave Captcha Code empty
By submitting this form, you agree to the Terms & Privacy Policy.
OR

Sign Up via Facebook

Sign Up via Google

Sign Up via Twitter

Download Software
Tests given

Download TCY App

OR
App Image
 
loading

GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION - May 2019

May 2019

May 31, 2019

Infant Mortality in India Down

  •  India's infant mortality rate (IMR) has fallen from 42 in 2012 to 33 in 2017. However, the pace of change appears to have slowed down when compared to the five years before 2012, when it fell from 55 to 42.
  • Given that India's IMR even today is worse than those of South Asian neighbours Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal, the slowdown is worrying.
  • IMR or the number of babies below one year dying out of every 1,000 born alive — considered an important marker of a country's health system — has been falling steadily for most regions of the world.
  • The global average IMR is 29 and that for low and middle income countries, the category that India belongs to, is 34.
  • The IMR for the European region is 8, the same as Sri Lanka. In South Asia, India has also been overtaken by Bhutan, Bangladesh and Nepal with IMRs of 28, 29 and 30 respectively.
  • Data from the just-released sample registration system (SRS) shows that while the rural IMR reduced marginally from the previous year, urban IMR remained the same for India as a whole.
  • In Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Uttarakhand, there was in fact a marginal increase in IMR in urban areas from 2016, with the highest increase in urban Gujarat and Karnataka going from 19 to 22 in both states.
  • In the case of urban Gujarat, the IMR for females went up from 19 to 23, higher than the increase for males.
  • Madhya Pradesh and Assam had the worst IMR of 47 and 44 respectively, while Kerala and Tamil Nadu recorded the lowest IMR of 10 and 16 respectively, among the bigger states.
  • If smaller states and UTs are included, the lowest IMR was recorded in Nagaland and Goa — seven and nine respectively.
  • Among states with the highest IMR in 2012, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh showed the biggest improvement with IMR falling for both from 53 to 41 between 2012 and 2017.
  • However, among all states, J&K showed the biggest improvement with its IMR dropping from 39 to 23.
  • With IMR falling to 33, India is in the company of countries like Tajikistan (33), Botswana (34), Rwanda (32) and South Africa (32). China's IMR is 9.
  • In the neighbourhood, the only countries doing worse than India were Pakistan and Myanmar which had IMRs of 66 and 43 respectively.

Women get 10% Share in new Modi ministry

  •  Women constitute over 10% of the Union council of ministers sworn in on 30th May 2019.
  • Of the six who were administered the ministerial oath, three are Cabinet ministers. The others are ministers of state.
  • In the outgoing council of ministers, there were six women ministers of Cabinet rank and two MoS.
  • The three conferred Cabinet rank — Nirmala Sitharaman, Harsimrat Kaur Badal and Smriti Zubin Irani — had enjoyed the same status in the first Modi Cabinet. While Sitharaman, a Rajya Sabha MP, was defence minister, Harsimrat, re-elected from Bathinda, looked after the ministry of food processing minister.
  • Irani — being hailed as a giant-slayer for defeating Congress president and three-time MP Rahul Gandhi in his family bastion of Amethi — was inducted in the earlier Modi Cabinet first as HRD minister. She was then shifted to the I&B ministry and finally to the textiles ministry.
  • Three women ministers from the outgoing Cabinet were left out this time — Sushma Swaraj (external affairs); eight-time MP Maneka Gandhi (women and child welfare) and Uma Bharati (drinking water and sanitation).

World's Tiniest Surviving Baby

  •  A California hospital disclosed the birth of the world's smallest baby ever to survive, weighing a mere 245 grams (8.6 ounces), the same as a large apple, when she was born.
  • After nearly five months at the hospital's neonatal intensive care unit, Saybie was discharged home earlier this month weighing a healthy five pounds (2.2 kilograms) and sporting a graduation cap.

SC stops EWS quota in Maha PG medical colleges

  •  The Supreme Court stopped the Maharashtra government from reserving 10% seats in postgraduate medical colleges for the members of economically weaker section (EWS) in the general category.
  • The central government had in January made Constitutional amendment granting 10% quota in jobs and admission for EWS candidates across all classes.
  • A vacation bench led by CJI Ranjan Gogoi said the EWS quota cannot be applied to the PG medical courses for academic year 2019-20 as the admission process started long before resolution to have the reservation was enforced.
  • It felt that the quota cannot be granted at the cost of others unless seats are created by the MCI, the regulatory body for medical education.
  • The order came on a plea filed by student Rajendra Agrawal who challenged two circulars of the Maharashtra government by which the quota was introduced in PG medical courses. 

Govt. Asks NTA to Identify Medical Colleges for EWS Seats

  •  The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has directed the National Testing Agency to identify institutions that will provide quota for economically weaker section (EWS) students in MBBS and hold counselling for them as a separate category.
  • In a letter to NTA's director-general Vineet Jain, the ministry has said that the 10% EWS quota will be provided against increased seats across institutions.
  • The candidates may indicate the EWS category while registering for counselling. However, they would have to be in the qualifying 50 percentile category to be eligible.

May 30, 2019

Cabinet Nod for Merger of School Directorates

  • The Cabinet gave its approval for merging the three school directorates in the general education sector.
  • The Directorate of Public Instruction, the Directorate of Higher Secondary Education, and the Directorate of Vocational Higher Secondary Education will be merged to form the Directorate of General Education as per the recommendations of the Khader committee set up to study school education. An IAS official will head the directorate.
  • The meeting decided to implement the committee's recommendation in phases. The first phase will be implemented this academic year.

May 29, 2019

TOEFL to Undergo Revamp

  •  The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is set to undergo a revamp from August with the duration shortened and scores mentioning the best sections of an individual's test if the exam is taken more than once.
  • The Educational Testing Services (ETS), known for conducting the global TOEFL and GRE tests, is working on making changes in the test in sync with the changing demands of the educational institutions.
  • The changes which will come in effect from August will provide a significantly better testing experience for students, while institutions can widen their pools of qualified applicants that meet their English language requirements.
  • The duration of the test will be shortened by 30 minutes and the number of questions in three sections, reading, listening and speaking, will be reduced. 

May 28, 2019

Cutoff Relief for Students

  •   Marks of students who have Modern Indian Languages (MILs) as one of their main subjects in class 12 will not be deducted when they enroll in undergraduate courses in Delhi University (DU) colleges in 2019.
  • The university has included all 21 MILs, mentioned in the eighth schedule of the Constitution, in the list of academic subjects.
  • Till now, a few modern Indian languages such as Nepali, Assamese and Tamil, Malayalam, Odiya and Marathi were not mentioned in DU's academic subject list.
  • And thus, students would have a 2.5 % deduction in their aggregate marks when they included these languages in their "best of four" subjects.

All-woman Crew Flies Mi-17 Chopper

  •  In yet another achievement by women officers, an all-woman crew flew a medium-lift helicopter for the first time in India.
  • The crew, comprising Flight Lieutenant Parul Bhardwaj (Captain), Flying Officer Aman Nidhi (co-pilot) and Flight Lieutenant Hina Jaiswal (flight engineer), flew a Mi-17 V5 helicopter for a Battle Inoculation Training Mission, taking off and landing from restricted areas at a forward air base in the South Western Air Command.
  • Flight Lieutenant Bhardwaj hails from Mukerian in Punjab and is incidentally also the first woman pilot to fly the Mi-17 V5.
  • Flying Officer Nidhi hails from Ranchi and is also the first woman IAF pilot from Jharkhand while Flying Officer Jaiswal hails from Chandigarh and is the first woman Flight Engineer of the IAF.
  • The pilots had undergone basic flight training at the Helicopter Training School at Air Force Station, Hakimpet followed by advanced training at Air Force Station, Yelahanka.

India among Countries Where Women Face Most Violence

  •  According to global estimates published by the World Health Organization (WHO), about 1 in 3 (35%) women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime.
  • Worldwide as many as 38% of murders of women are committed by a male intimate partner. What makes this worse for countries like India is the fact that intimate partner violence is the highest at 37.7% in the WHO South-East Asia region.
  • As per figures released by WHO, the violence ranges from 23.2% in high-income countries and 24.6% in the WHO Western Pacific region to 37% in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region.
  • WHO together with UN Women and other partners has developed a framework for prevention of violence against women called Respect which can be used by governments to counter this menace.

May 26, 2019

Women's Strength in Lok Sabha

  •  At 78 elected women MPs, the 17th Lok Sabha would have the highest number of women representatives ever.
  • They would account for 14.4% of the entire strength of the Lower House, an increase from the 12.5% (65) women MPs in the last Lok Sabha.
  • This is for the first time in independent India that such a large number of women MPs are sitting in Parliament.
  • With 40 women MPs, the BJP has the largest number of elected women representatives among the parties because of the sheer size of its victory.
  • It is followed by Trinamool Congress (9), Congress (6), BJD (5) and the YSRCP (4), as per data compiled by the Association for Democratic Reforms. 
Share on

Remedial Testing

Know where you stand and
what next to do to succeed

Personalised Learning

Generate your own test

Peer Benchmarking

Challenge and quiz
based activities

 
Keep Yourself updated on Latest PTE Exam Pattern

Avail Free Topic-wise Tests and various other offers.