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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

12 May 2022

DAILY G.K. TEST

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

India Elected as Chair of the Association of Asian Election Authorities (AAEA) for 2022-24

  • India was unanimously elected as the new Chair of the Association of Asian Election Authorities (AAEA) for 2022-2024. The decision was taken at the meeting of the Executive Board and General Assembly in Manila, Philippines. Commission on Elections, Manila was the current chair of AAEA.
  • The Association of Asian Election Authorities (AAEA) was established in 1998, in pursuance of the resolution passed by participants of the Symposium on Asian Elections in the 21st Century held from January 26-29, 1997 in Manila, Philippines. The new member of the Executive Board now includes Russia, Uzbekistan, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Taiwan, and the Philippines. Currently, 20 Asian EMBs are members of AAEA. The Election Commission of India (ECI) is a founder member of the Election Management Body (EMB) of the AAEA. India also served on the Executive Board of the AAEA as the vice-chair during 2011-13 and chaired during 2014-16.

No Refuge to Rajapaksas, Won't Intervene in Sri Lankan Politics: India

  • India made it clear that it has no desire to intervene in Sri Lankan politics even as the island country continued to face political crisis with curfew in force and its Central Bank Governor threatening to quit if stability was not restored in a fortnight.
  • The Indian High Commission in Colombo was quick to squash reports in Sri Lankan media about India planning to send troops to restore order. The High Commission dismissed media reports about speculation on social media that members of the embattled Rajapaksa clan would be given refuge in India.
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

HDFC Bank Launches 'Xpress Car Loan' Industry's First Digital New Car Loan

  • HDFC Bank, a private sector lender, introduced 30-minute 'Xpress Car Loans', an end-to-end digital new car loan solution for both existing and non-customers. The bank has integrated its lending application with automobile dealers throughout India. It is the industry's first automotive lending experience, and it is expected to change the way automobile financing is done in India.
  • The facility will be offered at all of the bank's branches, dealerships, and, eventually, on third-party aggregator platforms.
  • This comprehensive, faster, more convenient, and inclusive digital journey for car buyers will simplify the automobile purchase process and boost car sales across India, particularly in semi-urban and rural locations.
  • As it has integrated its lending application with vehicle dealers across India, it anticipates 20%–30% of clients to use this loan facility of up to Rs. 20 lakh.
  • Currently, the facility is only available for four-wheelers, and it will be gradually extended to include two-wheeler loans.

Quoting PAN or Aadhaar must for Deposit, Withdrawal of Rs. 20 lakh, Current Account

  • The government made it mandatory to quote either PAN or Aadhaar for depositing or withdrawing over Rs. 20 lakh in a financial year or opening of a current account. Furnishing the Permanent Account Number (PAN) or biometric Aadhaar will be mandatory for such high-value deposits or withdrawals from banks in a financial year or opening of a current account or cash credit account with a bank or post office.
  • Further, the mandatory condition of obtaining PAN for deposit and even for withdrawals would help the government in tracing the movement of cash in the system. All in all, this would tighten the entire process of suspicious cash deposits and withdrawals with the already present TDS provision u/s 194N under the Income-tax Act, 1961.
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SPORTS

Anurag Thakur Launches Mascot, Logo and Jersey of Khelo India Youth Games

  • Union Sports Minister Anurag Thakur has launched the mascot 'Dhakad' along with the official logo and official jersey of the Fourth Khelo India Youth Games at Panchkula and lauded the effort of Haryana to host the games. The competition is being organised by the Sports Authority of India and the state government of Haryana. In this edition of the Khelo India Youth Games, over 8,500 athletes will be participating.
  • Haryana will set an example by hosting the fourth edition of the Khelo India Youth Games from June 4 to June 13 at Panchkula, Chandigarh, Shahabad, Ambala and Delhi. This was supposed to be held in the year 2021 but got delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Rupinder to Lead India in Men's Asia Cup Hockey

  • Veteran drag flicker Rupinder Pal Singh, who came out of retirement, will lead a second-string Indian men's hockey team at the Asia Cup, scheduled to be held in Jakarta from May 23 to June 1. Birendra Lakra, who also returned from retirement, will be his deputy in the 20-member squad. It will be the first assignment for former captain Sardar Singh as India 'A' coach.
  • India are in pool A along with Japan, Pakistan and hosts Indonesia, while Malaysia, Korea, Oman and Bangladesh are grouped in pool B. India will start their Asia Cup Men's Hockey title defence with a blockbuster clash against arch-rivals Pakistan on the opening day of the competition.
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

India's First Khadi Centre of Excellence Opens in Delhi

  • The Ministry of MSME created a Centre for Experimentation, Innovation, and Design for the Khadi Village and Industries Commission (KVIC) with the goal of empowering Khadi Institutions across the country. The Center's mission is to create clothing, home goods, and fashion accessories that appeal to individuals of all ages. The goal of the Khadi Centre of Excellence (CoEK) is to make Khadi a worldwide, classic, and value-driven brand.
  • Narayan Rane, the Union Minister for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, opened the first Khadi Centre of Excellence in New Delhi. Minister of State for MSME Bhanu Pratap Singh Verma, Minister of State for Textiles Darshana Vikram Jardosh, Secretary, Ministry of Textiles U P Singh, and Secretary, Ministry of MSME B.B. Swain also attended the event.

Prasar Bharati, ORTM Sign MoU on Cooperation and Collaboration in Broadcast

  • A memorandum of understanding (MoU) on cooperation and collaboration in broadcasting between Prasar Bharati and ORTM (Office de la Radio et de la Television) was signed in Madagascar's capital Antananarivo. It was signed by India's Ambassador to Madagascar Abhay Kumar and ORTM Director-General Mr. BELALAHY Jean Yves. The ceremony was graced by the Director of Cabinet of the Ministry of Communication and Culture and representatives of the Government of Madagascar.
  • Madagascar National Television (TVM) will broadcast programmes from internal productions of Prasar Bharati in the fields of culture, education, science, entertainment, sports, news as well as other areas of mutual interest. Both sides will explore co-production opportunities related to matters of mutual interest and will arrange training for TVM personnel in India. The MoU enters into force on the date of its signature.

Govt. Will Set up 33 New Domestic Cargo Terminals by 2024-2025

  • The government will establish 33 new domestic cargo terminals by 2024-2025 which will allow India's cargo sector to flourish and grow. Civil Aviation Minister Jyotiraditya Scindia said this while addressing the annual event of Air Cargo Forum India. Talking about the reforms in Cargo Sector, the Minister said that industry players need to focus on transportation of smaller cargo loads from Tier II and III cities to metros to achieve the target of 10 million metric tons in cargo. This can be achieved by acquisition of smaller size aircraft. To facilitate this, 33 new domestic cargo terminals will be established by 2024-2025. He also stressed the need to work on ease of doing business in cargo sector by making processes paperless, adapting automation, and digitalization which can make cargo processing swift.
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DEFENCE

N. Venu Gopal is Joint Director of CBI, Supriya Patil Yadav DIG

  • The Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT) issued an order appointing senior IPS officers N. Venu Gopal and Supriya Patil Yadav as Joint Director (JD) and Deputy Inspector General (DIG), respectively, in the CBI. Gopal, a 1995-batch IPS officer of Himachal Pradesh cadre was inducted as JD for five years.
  • Yadav, a 2004-batch IPS officer of Maharashtra cadre, was appointed as the DIG on lateral shift basis from Intelligence Bureau for the remaining period of her deputation, which is up to April 17, 2024 (eight years). The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet approved the tenure extension of Anurag, IPS officer of Tripura cadre, for six more months as Joint Director in the CBI.
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PERSONS IN NEWS

Leonid Kravchuk, the First President of Independent Ukraine Passes Away

  • Leonid Kravchuk, a former communist who helped sign the Soviet Union's death warrant and then served as the first president of independent Ukraine, passed away at the age of 88. Kravchuk was known as the "wily fox" as he rose through the ranks of Ukraine's Communist Party and take over as head of the parliament in 1990.
  • He signed the Belovezha accords with Russian President Boris Yeltsin and Belarusian leader Stanislav Shushkevich in December 1991 which effectively triggered the Soviet Union's collapse.
  • In 1993, Kravchuk agreed to transfer all Ukraine-based nuclear weapons, which included dozens of intercontinental ballistic missiles and strategic bombers, to Russia in exchange for compensation to be paid for each nuclear warhead. Later, when the war with Russian-backed separatists broke out in 2014, Kravchuk's decision to give up nuclear weapons was recalled by many as a mistake.
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DAYS AND EVENTS

International Nurses Day

  • Every year International Nurses Day is celebrated on 12 May to commemorate the anniversary of Florence Nightingale's birthday. This day also celebrates the contribution done by nurses to society around the world. On this day the International Council of Nurses organisation produces an International Nurses kit to educate and assist health workers globally with a different theme every year.
  • The theme for 2022 Nurses' Day was "Nurses: A Voice to Lead - Invest in Nursing and respect rights to secure global health".

International Day of Plant Health

  • The United Nations designated 12 May the International Day of Plant Health (IDPH) to raise global awareness on how protecting plant health can help end hunger, reduce poverty, protect biodiversity and the environment, and boost economic development. The United Nations declared 2020 as the International Year of Plant Health (IYPH).
  • The Year was extended until 1 July 2021 due to the postponement of some key initiatives caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a once in a lifetime opportunity to raise global awareness on how protecting plant health can help end hunger, reduce poverty, protect the environment, and boost economic development.
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AWARDS AND HONOURS

Late Journalist Danish Siddiqui Wins Second Pulitzer Prize, This Time for Covid Coverage in India

  • Indian photographer, who was killed while covering fighting in Afghanistan, was part of a team that took home the Pulitzer for feature photography. Danish Siddiqui and his colleagues Adnan Abidi, Sanna Irshad Mattoo, and Amit Dave won for images depicting the toll of the Covid-19 pandemic in India. Their work, which was moved from the breaking photography category by the judges, "balanced intimacy and devastation, while offering viewers a heightened sense of place," the committee wrote.
  • Siddiqui, was also part of the Reuters photography team to win the 2018 Pulitzer Prize for feature photography for documenting the Rohingya refugee crisis.

Mamata Banerjee Honoured with Special Bangla Academy Award

  • West Bengal CM Mamata Banerjee was honoured with Special Bangla Academy Award in May 2022. The award, introduced this year, was announced for the Chief Minister's book, 'Kabita Bitan' a collection of over 900 poems.
  • Ratna Rashid Banerjee, a Bengali writer returned an award given to her by Paschimbanga Bangla Academy to protest its decision to confer a special award on Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for her contribution to the cause of literature. Ratna Rashid Banerjee returned the 'Annada Shankar Smarak Samman' with which she was honoured by the academy in 2019.
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ART AND CULTURE

Ministry of Culture to Organize Two Day Rishikesh Music Festival 2022

  • Ministry of Culture is organizing the second edition of "Rishikesh Music Festival 2022" on 14th-15th May 2022 as part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. This edition is being organized jointly with Sangeet Natak Academy, Uttarakhand Tourism and Kutani Handpan Academy. The event will be graced by Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and Culture Shri Arjun Ram Meghwal and Chief Minister of Uttarakhand Shri Pushkar Singh Dhami, alongside other dignitaries.
  • Rishikesh Music Festival is an annual music festival held in the Himalayan foothill area of Rishikesh, India, beside river Ganga. The line-up of this festival includes a mix of established and emerging, sub-continental and global artists.
  • The main aim of Rishikesh Music Festival includes promotion of Rishikesh as a global Centre for music learning and music production, promotion of Musical Tourism in Rishikesh, showcase and document intangible cultural heritage of humanity.
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BOOKS AND AUTHORS

Bengali Translation 'Meursault, Contre-enquête' Wins Romain Rolland Book Prize 2022

  • The fifth Romain Rolland Book Prize – Romain Rolland Book Prize 2022 was awarded to the Bengali translation of the French novel "Meursault, contre- enquête" (The Meursault Investigation). The award ceremony was organized by the French Institute in India. Meursault, contre-enquête is the debut novel of Algerian writer and journalist Kamel Daoud.
  • The award was presented to translator Trinanjan Chakraborty and publisher Esha Chatterjee of Patra Bharati, a leading publisher of prestigious Bengali books, during the French Literary Festival-French LitFest 2022 at Bikaner House in New Delhi. This is the first time Patra Bharati, the publisher, has gotten this honour.
  • The Romain Rolland Book Prize, which was established in 2017, honours the finest translation of a French title into any Indian language, including English. As part of the prize, the winning publisher and translator will each receive a guided trip to the Paris Book Fair 2023 (Livre Paris 2023).
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