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General Awareness

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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

08 Nov 2019

DAILY G.K. TEST

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

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Russia Re-Enacts Historic WW2 Parade In Moscow

  • Thousands of Russian troops marched across the Red Square in Moscow to mark the 78th anniversary of a historic World War Two parade.
  • In 1941, German forces were closing in on Moscow. The Red Army's reaction has become a symbol of courage and tenacity.
  • The elaborate display included WW2-era uniforms, weapons and vintage tanks.

Iran Cancels Accreditation Of IAEA Nuclear Inspector

  •  Iran has cancelled the accreditation of an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspector who was prevented from entering a nuclear facility.
  • It said the woman triggered an alarm at the gate to the Natanz uranium enrichment plant, raising fears that she was carrying "suspicious material".
  • The IAEA disagreed with the account and said the inspector was also temporarily prevented from leaving Iran.
  • It was apparently the first such case since the 2015 nuclear deal was signed.
  • Meanwhile, the US said Iran might be "positioning itself to have the option of a rapid nuclear break-out" - the time it would take to acquire enough fissile material for one bomb - after it suspended another commitment under the accord.

China Is World's Worst Abuser Of Internet Freedom: Freedom On Net 2019 Report

  •  China was ranked as the world's worst abuser of internet freedom for the fourth consecutive year and Pakistan was declared as 'not free' in terms of internet freedom status for the ninth consecutive year in the Freedom on the Net (FoTN) report 2019.
  • The Freedom on the Net report 2019 titled 'The Crisis of Social Media' was released by an international internet watchdog, the Freedom House on November 5, 2019.
  • The report recorded an overall decline in global internet freedom status between July 2018 and May 2019.

ENVIRONMENT

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Bihar Govt. To Ban Diesel-Run Autorickshaws In Patna From 2021

  •  With air pollution turning severe in Patna over the last few days, the Bihar government decided to ban diesel-run autorickshaws from 2021 in the State capital and its adjoining areas.
  • Earlier, the government had also declared a ban on all commercial and State-owned vehicles older than 15 years.
  • The government also decided to launch an intensive drive to conduct pollution tests on private vehicles.

Mexico Mammoths: Human-Built Woolly Mammoth Traps Found In Tultepec

  • At least 14 woolly mammoth skeletons have been uncovered in Mexico in traps built by humans about 15,000 years ago.
  • The two pits in Tultepec north of Mexico City are the first mammoth traps to be discovered.
  • Early hunters may have herded the elephant-sized mammals into the traps using torches and branches.
  • The recent discovery of more than 800 mammoth bones could change our understanding of how early humans hunted the enormous animals.
  • Mexico's National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) says more traps could be uncovered in the area north of Mexico City.

BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

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Mercedes-Benz Rolls Out Luxury 'V-Class Elite' at Rs 1.10 Crore In India

  •  Mercedes-Benz launched 'V-Class Elite', a new luxury multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) at Rs 1.10 crore in the country.
  • The MPV has a 1950cc diesel engine and offers features such as massaging function on the luxury seats, a centre console with refrigerated compartment, surround sound system with 15 speakers, among other facilities.
  • The company will import V-Class Elite to the Indian market from Spain.

Hero MotoCorp Launches India's First BS-VI motorcycle Splendor iSmart at Rs 64,900

  •  India's largest two-wheeler maker Hero MotoCorp launched its first BS-VI emission norm compliant product - Splendor iSmart - at Rs 64,900.
  • The launch comes exactly one week before estranged partner and arch rival Honda Motorcycle and Scooter India is expected to launch a BS-VI compliant version of its mobike CB Shine. 

DIN System Of CBIC Comes Into Existence

  •  The Documentation Identification Number (DIN) system of Central Board of Indirect Taxes (CBIC) will come into existence from November 8, 2019.
  • This path breaking system in indirect tax administration has been created as per the direction of Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman. Now, any CBIC communication will have to have a Documentation Identification Number.
  •  To begin with, the DIN would be used for search authorisation, summons, arrest memo, inspection notices and letters issued in the course of any enquiry.
  • Any communication from GST or Custom or Central Excise department without a computer-generated DIN, would be treated as invalid and shall be non-est in law or deemed to be as if it has never been issued.
  • It will provide the taxpayer a digital facility to verify any communications.

SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

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Whatsapp Unveils 'Catalogs'

  • Messaging giant rolled out the 'Catalogs' feature for WhatsApp Business app that will allow enterprises to showcase photographs of various products that potential customers can browse through.
  • The new feature -- which is rolled out in countries like India, the US and Indonesia -- is intended to make it easier to learn about the products and services businesses offer.
  • Catalogs are a mobile storefront for businesses to showcase and share their goods so that people can easily browse and discover something they would like to buy.

SPORTS

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Rohit Sharma Becomes First Indian Male Cricketer To Play 100 T20Is

  • Stand-in captain Rohit Sharma became the first Indian cricketer and second in world cricket to complete 100 T20 Internationals when he took the field during the second match against Bangladesh.
  • Shoaib Malik (111 games) from Pakistan is the only player to have played more than 100 T20 Internationals. Rohit had earlier surpassed Virat Kohli's record to become the highest run-getter in the T20I format of the game.

NATIONAL AFFAIRS

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PM Narendra Modi Attends Global Investors Meet In Dharamshala

  •  Prime Minister Narendra Modi attended an exhibition organised at the two-day Himachal Pradesh Global Investors Meet being held in Dharamshala.
  • Himachal Pradesh Governor Bandaru Dattatreya and Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur were also present at the event along with the Prime Minister.
  • Modi reached Dharmshala where he was welcomed upon arrival by the Chief Minister Thakur and Union Tourism Minister Prahlad Patel.
  • The state government will showcase the policy and regulatory environment and investment scope across eight focus sectors to boost manufacturing and employment opportunities in the state.

Guinness World Record of Most Students Assembling Radio Kits Simultaneously created At IISF, Kolkata

  •  A Guinness World Record of most students assembling radio kits simultaneously was created on the third day of India International Science Festival at Kolkata.
  • While 490 students participated in the event, a record 268 succeeded in completing the assembling process in the stipulated hours.
  • A representative of the Guinness World Records presented a certificate and memento to Union Minister of Science and Technology Harsh Vardhan who took it on behalf of the students.

DEFENCE

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India, Indonesia Joint Naval Exercise 'Samudra Shakti' Underway in Bay Of Bengal

  •  Anti-submarine warfare corvette INS Kamorta is jointly exercising with Indonesian warship KRI Usman Harun, a multi-role corvette, in the Bay of Bengal as part of an ongoing bilateral exercise 'Samudra Shakti'.
  • The joint exercises include, manoeuvres, surface warfare exercises, air defence exercises, weapon firing drills, helicopter operations and boarding operations.
  • INS Kamorta is an anti-submarine warfare corvette.  The Indian Navy-Indonesian Navy bilateral exercise 'Samudra Shakti' was held from November 6-7, 2019.

PERSONS IN NEWS

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Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan Re-Elected President of The UAE

  •  The UAE Supreme Council has re-elected His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan as President of the UAE for a fourth five-year term.
  • The Council expressed its deep confidence in the wise leadership of the President, praying that he would continue to lead the UAE to strengthen the pillars of the Union and its prosperity and fulfill the aspirations of its honourable people.
  • Shaikh Khalifa was first elected President on November 3, 2004 following the death of his father Shaikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan. President Khalifa accompanied the builder of the UAE renaissance, the late Shaikh Zayed, in the founding stage in the 70s and 80s of the last century before taking over the leadership of the country after the death of the Founding Father.

Four Indian-Americans Win State, Local Elections In US

  •  Four Indian-Americans, including a former White House Technology Policy Adviser, have won state and local elections held in the United States.
  • Indian-American Ghazala Hashmi, a former community college professor, created history by becoming the first Muslim woman to be elected to the Virginia State Senate, while Suhas Subramanyam, who served as the White House Technology Policy Adviser to former President Barack Obama, has been elected to the Virginia State House of Representative.
  • In California, Indian-American Mano Raju won his election to remain San Francisco's Public Defender. In North Carolina, incumbent Dimple Ajmera, a former Certified Public Accountant, won a convincing re-election to Charlotte City Council. 

Padma Shri Awardee Bengali Writer Nabaneeta Dev Sen, Dies At 81

  •  Eminent litterateur and academician Nabaneeta Dev Sen died in her South Kolkata residence after a protracted illness. She was 81.
  • Winner of the Sahitya Akademi award and the Padma Shri, she is survived by two daughters - writer Antara and actress Nandana.
  • A poet, novelist, columnist and writer of short stories and travelogues, Dev Sen was also known for her research on the Ramayana.
  • She worked as a teacher at the Oxford University and the Colorado College in the US. She also taught Comparative Literature at Jadavpur University.

DAYS AND EVENTS

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National Cappuccino Day - November 8

  •  National Cappuccino Day on November 8th whips up a frothy, hot cup of cappuccino. It's a perfect drink on a frosty morning, meeting with friends or just to enjoy a creamy cuppa.
  • Traditionally prepared with espresso, hot milk, and steamed milk foam, a cappuccino is an Italian coffee drink.
  • The word cappuccino comes from the Capuchin friars and is the diminutive form of cappuccio in Italian, meaning hood or something that covers the head. This popular coffee beverage got its name not from the hood on their habits but from the color of the hooded robes that the friars wore.  

ASEM To Hold Its 10th Asian Conference In New Delhi, The First In India

  •  The Asian Society for Emergency Medicine (ASEM) and Society for Emergency Medicine India (SEMI) announces the 10th Asian Conference on Emergency Medicine (ACEM) in New Delhi, India from November 7th-10th, 2019.
  • The biennial conference intends to aim at lectures, discussions and talks on affordable emergency care for all sections of the society, bridging gaps in healthcare and creating a positive impact on the society.
  • More than 2000 emergency medicine experts from over 32 distinct nations will grace the occasion. Eight keynote speakers, including a specialist in emergency and injury/ trauma-care from the World Health Organization (WHO), are scheduled to speak at ACEM 2019.

AWARDS AND HONOURS

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CSR: RBS Earth Heroes Awards Honour The Impact-Makers In Climate Change

  • RBS India, the innovation and operations hub of RBS, announced the winners of the 9th edition of the RBS Earth Heroes Awards (REHA), who have made a significant mark in the space of "Climate Change" – the theme for the 2019 awards.
  • The Awards are an attempt to recognise the grit and determination of individuals and institutions who went beyond their call of duty with an aim to preserve and protect our environment.
  • The seven winners were felicitated in the presence of Kishan Reddy, Union Minister of state for Home Affairs;Babul Supriyo,Union Minister of State for Environment, Forests and Climate Change;Prof Ramesh Chand, Member NITI Aayog; Siddhanta Das, Director General of Forests and Special Secretary to the Govt., senior officials, awards jury, and guests, for their indomitable commitment to save the planet's ecological assets.

Six Professors Awarded Infosys Prize 2019 For Science And Research

  • Six eminent professors have won the Infosys Prize 2019 across different categories of science and research, the software major's science foundation.
  • The annual award includes a pure gold medal, a citation and a prize purse worth $100,000 or its equivalent in the Indian rupees.
  • The winners of the Infosys Prize 2019 were announced across six categories -- Engineering and Computer Sciences, Humanities, Life Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences.
  • A panel of accomplished jurors comprising renowned scholars and professors, shortlisted the winners from 196 nominations.

West Bengal Based Writer Abhisek Sarkar Wins Award At Dhaka Lit-Fest

  •  The ninth edition of the Dhaka Lit-fest started with a galaxy of writers and book lovers thronging the venue ground at the Bangla Academy.
  • Over the three day of the festival 200 speakers, performers and thinkers, will take part in discussions on diverse topics. 
  • The special focus of this year's lit-fest is on Indigenous Languages as the UNESCO  has  marked 2019 as the year of Indigenous Language Protection.
    • Renowned literary personalities and authors from Bangladesh and abroad like William Dalrymple, Monica Ali, H M Naqvi, Prayaag Akbar, Shashi Tharoor are participating in the festival.
    • Abhisek and Rofiquzzaman won the awards for their manuscripts, "Nishiddho" and "Dhoashar Tamate Rong," respectively.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND SCHEMES

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Agriculture Ministry Told To Prepare 'Zero Edible Oil Import' Plan

  •  The commerce ministry has asked the agriculture ministry to prepare a road map for India to attain self-sufficiency in edible oil production.
  • The need for a "zero edible oil import" plan was discussed by commerce minister Piyush Goyal at an inter-ministerial meeting.
  • India spends over Rs 70,000 crore to import about 15 MT edible oil to meet its annual requirement of 25 MT, making it one of the biggest buyers of the cooking medium.

MoS Sanjay Dhotre Launches Shala Darpan Portal For Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti

  •  Union Minister of State for Human Resources Development Sanjay Dhotre launched the Shala Darpan Portal of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti.
  • This will integrate all Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas with a common standard which includes around 636 schools and 2.67 million students.
  • This single integrated platform has been developed for information sharing and knowledge dissemination for the 22,000 employees and over 2 lakh students across schools and offices of Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti. 

Punjab Assembly Passes Bill Excluding CM's Advisers From Office-Of-Profit Category

  •  Amid vociferous opposition, the Punjab Assembly passed a legislation excluding the six ruling Congress MLA appointed as advisers to the chief minister from the office-of-profit category.
  • The Punjab State Legislature (Prevention of Disqualification) Amendment Bill, 2019, was presented in the House by Punjab minister Brahm Mohindra on the concluding day of the special session of the Vidhan Sabha.
  • With this amendment, six Congress legislators--Amrinder Singh Raja Warring, Kuljit Singh Nagra, Sangat Singh Gilzian, Inderbir Singh Bolaria, Kushaldeep Dhillon and Tarsem Singh DC--will not be disqualified for holding the office of profit.
  • The Punjab government had appointed six minister-rank advisers to CM Amarinder Singh.

GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION

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Mercedes-Benz, Mattel Partner For STEM/STEAM Day

  •  On National STEM/STEAM Day on Nov. 8, 2019,  Mercedes-Benz and Mattel will partner on programs across the U.S. to challenge gender stereotypes in the STEM/STEAM industries.
  • More than 50,000 young girls across the nation will engage in programs as part of the "No Limits" initiative championed by Mercedes-Benz, Mattel and the National Girls Collaborative Project (NGCP), a network of organizations that encourage girls to pursue science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) careers.

Lucknow Railway Station Gets 'Health ATM'

  •  The Indian Railways has installed two 'Health ATMs' at the Charbagh railway station in Lucknow.
  • The kiosks, promoted by YOLO Health ATM, provide 16 health check-ups for Rs 50-100. There are two types of check-ups -- a 9-minute one that costs Rs 100, and a 6-minute one that costs Rs 50. The report is delivered instantly to the email or smartphone of the user.
  • Health ATMs can be defined as private, walk-in medical kiosks with integrated medical devices for basic vitals, cardiology, neurology, pulmonary testing, gynecology, basic laboratory testing and emergency facilities and staffed by a medical attendant.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS

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3 Books On Writings Of Guru Nanak Dev Released To Commemorate His 550th Birth Anniversary

  •  Union ministers Ramesh Pokhriyal ''Nishank'' and Harsimrat Kaur Badal launched three new books on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism to commemorate his 550th birth anniversary.
  • Originally published in Punjabi, the three books have been translated into 15 major Indian languages.
  • The books titled "Guru Nanak Bani", "Nanak Bani", and "Sakhian Guru Nanak Dev" was released by HRD minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ''Nishank'' and Union Food Processing Industries minister Harsimrat Kaur Badal at Delhi University''s Sri Guru Teg Bahadur Khalsa College.

TOURISM AND HOTEL INDUSTRY AWARENESS

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Ban On 'No Entry' Board In Kitchens Of Gujarat's Restaurants, Hotels

  •  Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani announced that there will be a ban on putting 'no entry' board in front of the kitchens of pocket-friendly restaurants to 7-star hotels in the state.
  • The decision taken under the Food and Drug Act stated that any customer who entered the restaurant or hotel to enjoy delicacies is eligible to visit kitchen premises and can check the food being prepared there.
  • As per the order, the Chief Minister has directed the eateries to install a transparent glass to maintain transparency and customers can have a look at the quality of food.
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