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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

21 Sep 2023


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Azerbaijan, Armenia Reach Cease-fire Deal for Breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh

  • Ethnic Armenians in Azerbaijan's breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh agreed to a Russian proposal for a ceasefire, 24 hours after Azerbaijan began an offensive to take control of the enclave that killed dozens and injured hundreds.
  • The separatist Armenian forces in Karabakh said that Azerbaijan had broken through their lines and seized a number of heights and strategic road junctions.
  • With the mediation of the command of the Russian peacekeeping contingent stationed in Nagorno-Karabakh, an agreement was reached on the complete cessation of hostilities.
  • Nagorno-Karabakh is recognised internationally as part of Azerbaijan.
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Greater One-horned Rhinos Thriving in India, Nepal

  • According to a new report, the greater one-horned rhino population in India and Nepal continues to grow on the back of strong protection, wildlife crime law enforcement and habitat expansion.
  • The State of the Rhino Report, 2023, by US-based International Rhino Foundation (IRF) came ahead of World Rhino Day, an annual global celebration of the five rhino species and their conservation on September 22.
  • According to the report, the two most significant factors causing rhino populations to decline are poaching and habitat loss but climate change is also increasingly impacting many facets of their survival.
  • Greater one-horned rhinos continue to thrive due to strong protection and enforcement and, though the governments of India and Nepal did not conduct an official census this year, the authorities believe the population is growing, the foundation said.
  • The Indian state of Assam is home to the largest population of greater-one horned rhinos.
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Cricketer Deepak Chahar Launches New Brand 'DNINE Sports'

  • Cricketer Deepak Chahar, known for his stellar performances on the cricket field, ventured into the world of sports equipment with the launch of DNINE Sports. With an investment of Rs. 2.5 crore, this sports line promises to revolutionize athletic gear, offering a wide range of products catering to the needs of athletes, including professional cricketers.
  • DNINE Sports adopts a multi-pronged approach to distribution, both online and offline. It discusses the company's strategy for reaching consumers through various channels and the importance of word-of-mouth marketing in building brand awareness.

Ujjivan Small Finance Bank Introduces Maxima Savings Account

  • Ujjivan Small Finance Bank (Ujjivan SFB), a leading small finance bank, announced the introduction of the 'Maxima Savings Account and Business Maxima Current Account for the premium customer segment. These new offerings aim to improve the banking experience for both new and existing customers by providing a variety of services and benefits. The products are designed to provide customers with various benefits, superior features, and a premium experience to meet their various financial and banking needs.

Biocon Appoints Peter Bains as Group CEO

  • Biocon announced that its Board approved the appointment of Peter Bains as the Group CEO. He will be reporting directly to Biocon Group Chairperson, Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw.
  • Bains stepped down from his role on the Biocon Board as an Independent Director and assumed this strategic executive responsibility.
  • As per Shaw, Peter has a unique fit and profile for the role having both extensive global leadership experience and success across the biopharmaceutical field and a comprehensive understanding of the Biocon Group, having led Syngene for 5 years, taking it through its very successful IPO in 2015.
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Nischal Wins Silver with New National Record at Shooting World Cup in Rio

  • India's Nischal won the silver medal in women's 50m rifle 3 positions at the ISSF World Cup 2023 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
  • Nischal shot 592 and rewrote Anjum Moudgil's previous national record of 591 set at the President's Cup in 2022. She came second behind reigning world champion Miao Wanru of the People's Republic of China, who shot 594 to top qualifiers but came fourth in the final.
  • The podium finish by Nischal on the final day of the ISSF World Cup took India's tally to two medals. Elavenil Valarivan won the gold medal in the women's 10m air rifle event.

ICC World Cup 2023: Official Anthem 'Dil Jashn Bole' Featuring Ranveer Singh

  • The official anthem of the ICC Men's Cricket World Cup 2023 featuring actor Ranveer Singh is finally out.
  • Titled 'Dil Jashn Bole' the anthem is composed by music composed Pritam.
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President Droupadi Murmu Inaugurates Conference of National Human Rights Institutions of Asia Pacific Region

  • The President of India, Droupadi Murmu inaugurated the two-day conference of National Human Rights Institutions of the Asia Pacific region at Plenary Hall of Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. The conference was being organized by the National Human Rights Commission, India, in collaboration with the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions. This included the Annual General Meeting (AGM) followed by the Biennial Conference, which celebrated the 75th anniversary of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) and 30 years of National Human Rights Institutions and the Paris Principles, with a sub-theme on the environment and climate change.
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Second Edition of Indian Navy's Naval Innovation and Indigenisation Seminar (SWAVLAMBAN-2023)

  • The Indian Navy is set to host the second edition of the Naval Innovation and Indigenisation (NIIO) Seminar, known as 'Swavlamban 2023,' scheduled to take place on October 4 and 5, 2023. This event follows the maiden edition of the seminar, which was held in July 2022 and marked a significant milestone in the Navy's quest for innovation and self-reliance.
  • In the inaugural edition of 'Swavlamban' in 2022, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the 'SPRINT' initiative, which has since become a driving force behind the Indian Navy's pursuit of indigenous technology adoption. 'SPRINT' stands for Supporting Pole-Vaulting in R&D through Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX), NIIO, and Technology Development Acceleration Cell (TDAC). This collaborative effort aims to foster innovation and indigenisation in the defence sector.
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International Day of Peace

  • The International Day of Peace is observed on September 21 around the world. The day is observed and has been devoted by the United Nations General Assembly to strengthening the ideals of peace, through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire.
  • The International Day of Peace was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981.
  • Also known as World Peace Day, it was in 2001 that the official date was declared as September 21. Until then, it was observed on the inaugural session of the annual General Assembly, the third Tuesday of September.
  • The theme for International Peace Day 2023 is 'Actions for Peace: Our Ambition for the #GlobalGoals'.

World Alzheimer's Day

  • World Alzheimer's Day is observed on September 21 every year. This day is a global effort to raise awareness about Alzheimer's disease. It also aims to eradicate the stigma around Alzheimer's disease as well as other types of dementia. According to the World Health Organisation, Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia and contributes to 60-70% of cases.
  • Alzheimer's Disease International is an organisation that was founded back in 1984 to support Alzheimer's patients throughout the world and provide them with the right treatment. In 1994, World Alzheimer's Day was introduced in Edinburgh to commemorate ten years of Alzheimer's Disease International. Since then, World Alzheimer's Day has been celebrated all over the world on September 21.
  • The theme for this year's World Alzheimer's Day is 'Never too early, never too late'.
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Lok Sabha Passes Historic Women's Reservation Bill

  • Twenty-seven years after the women's reservation Bill was first introduced in Parliament, the Lok Sabha passed a Bill with near unanimity to amend the Constitution and provide one-third reservation to women in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies.
  • The Bill will now be taken by the Rajya Sabha for passage in the remaining two days of the Special Session of Parliament, and might require approval from half of the States.
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Bihar to Recruit over 69,000 Teachers in Schools, Cabinet Gives Nod

  • The Bihar cabinet approved the recruitment of 69,692 teachers in state-run schools.
  • The cabinet also gave approval for a 100 per cent hike in the monthly honorarium of 'Siksha Sewaks' and Vikas Mitras'. Around 9,825 Vikas Mitras working under the SC and ST Welfare Department in the state's panchayats will now get a monthly honorarium of over Rs. 25,000 as against the existing Rs. 13,700, and an annual increment of 5 per cent every year.
  • 'Vikas Mitras' work on the implementation of various developmental and welfare schemes by the government in rural areas.
  • After the increase in the honorarium for 'Shiksha Sewaks', they will get Rs. 22,000 as against Rs. 11,000 per month, besides an annual increment of 5 per cent.

British Council Announces 12 New Academic Grants

  • The British Council announced 12 new academic grants and two new top-up grants worth £500k for industry-academia partnerships across India and the UK. It is a part of the British Council's Going Global Partnership (GGP) programme.
  • The announcement was made at the India-UK Higher Education Conference in Delhi. Out of all the new grants most of them are collaborating with technological institutions.
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Aviation Ministry Permits Akasa Air to Launch International Flights

  • Akasa Air received approval from the civil aviation ministry for starting international flights and is looking to fly to destinations in South Asia, Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
  • The airline, which is currently grappling with pilot shortage issues, has a fleet of 20 aircraft and plans to start flying to overseas destinations by year-end (2023).
  • Akasa Air is an Indian low-cost airline headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. It was founded by Vinay Dube and Aditya Ghosh in 2021.
  • The airline began commercial operation with its first flight service from Mumbai to Ahmedabad on August 7, 2022.
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In a first, Delhi High Court Records Evidence by Live Transcription

  • India's first trial with live transcription of evidence and arguments started in the Delhi High Court.
  • The live transcription of evidence is being done in a patent infringement suit filed by an American-Canadian entity, Communication Components Antenna Inc, against a German entity called Rosenberger.
  • At the outset, Justice Singh told the transcribers that they were not to be affected by either of the parties and that the transcription shall be true and correct.
  • During the process, Justice Singh said that there may be some issues in transcription because of the different accents of the counsel and the witnesses (one British and one American). Therefore, the judge said that she would check the transcription once it is done.
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