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General Awareness

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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

09 Jun 2023


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Five New Countries Elected as Non-permanent Members of the UNSC

  • Five countries were elected as non-permanent members of the UN Security Council following a vote in the General Assembly. Algeria, Guyana, Republic of Korea, Sierra Leone and Slovenia will join the premier body for maintaining international peace and security, starting in January 2024, serving for a two-year period. They were among six countries vying for five non-permanent seats around the Council's horseshoe-shaped table that will become vacant at the end of the year.
  • The five newly elected countries will join Ecuador, Japan, Malta, Mozambique and Switzerland as non-permanent members of the Council. They will take up seats currently occupied by Albania, Brazil, Gabon, Ghana and the United Arab Emirates when their two-year terms end on December 31, 2023.
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How Cyclone Biparjoy Got its Name

  • In the first week of June, a deep depression over southeast Arabian Sea intensified into a cyclonic storm 'Biparjoy' and has since intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm.
  • The name Biparjoy was given by Bangladesh. It means calamity or disaster in Bangla. The name was adopted by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) countries in 2020.
  • The WMO maintains a rotating list of names, to assign names to tropical cyclones arising in any area.
  • Six Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) and five regional Tropical Storm Warning Centres have been authorised to issue advisories and assign names to tropical cyclones worldwide.
  • RSMC-Tropical Cyclones, New Delhi, names tropical cyclones formed over north Indian Ocean (including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea) from the rotating list.
  • Names to list were submitted by 13 panel countries: India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Myanmar, Maldives, Iran, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, and Thailand.
  • The next cyclone in the area would be called Tej — submitted by India.
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RBI Monetary Policy 2023, Repo Rate Unchanged,

  • The Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) announced its policy decision. The 2nd bi-monthly monetary policy meeting of FY24 was held from June 6 to 8 and its outcome was announced on June 8. The next meeting of the MPC is scheduled during August 8-10, 2023. All members of the MPC – Shashanka Bhide, Ashima Goyal, Prof. Jayanth R. Varma, Rajiv Ranjan, Michael Debabrata Patra, and Shaktikanta Das – unanimously voted to keep the policy repo rate unchanged at 6.50 per cent.

India Emerges as the World's 2nd Largest Producer of Crude Steel

  • Union Minister of Steel and Civil Aviation, Jyotiraditya M. Scindia stated that India has moved from 4th largest producer of crude steel to the second largest producer of crude steel from 2014-15 to 2022-23 standing just behind China which is the largest exporter of crude steel in the world. India reported a hike of 42% in Crude steel production from 88.98 MT(Metric ton) in 2014-15 to 126.26 MT in 2022-23.
  • The National Steel Policy formulated by the Government of India in 2017 to promote the growth and development of the steel industry in the country has set the targets of achieving the total crude steel capacity of 300 MTPA(Million Tonnes Per Annum) and total crude steel demand/production of 255 MTPA by 2030-31. By 2030-31, it is also envisaged to enhance the operational capacity of crude steel production of SAIL from existing 19.51 MTPA to around 35.65 MTPA tentatively.
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GalaxEye to Launch World's 1st Multi-sensorearth Observation Satellite

  • An IIT-Madras-incubated space-tech start-up, GalaxEye, is building the world's first multi-sensor earth observation satellite with the help of a visible spectrum camera providing synchronised imaging that can take multiple images at the same time. The start-up is going to launch its first satellite, 'Drishti Mission' next year.
  • Founded in 2020 by Suyash Singh, Denil Chawda, Kishan Thakkar, Pranit Mehta, Rakshit Bhatt and Prof S. R. Chakravarthy, GalaxEye is working on deploying a satellite constellation with a first-of-its-kind sensor based on data fusion to provide the most comprehensive imagery dataset from space.
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Show Cause Notice to Maheshwari Chauhan for Criticising NRAI

  • The National Rifle Association of India (NRAI) issued a show cause notice to skeet shooter Maheshwari Chauhan for questioning the departure of trap coach Russell Mark and team's high performance manager Lauryn Mark.
  • The Australian husband-wife duo ended its 14-month stint with the Indian team because it was put off by the delay in the contract negotiations and disagreements with the high performance director Pierre Beauchamp. The duo has since joined Qatar.
  • In an email to the NRAI, Chauhan had said she was disappointed with the circumstances under which the duo ended its relationship with the team. The skeet shooter requested the federation to "reflect on the system, approach and way of dealing with situations".
  • Angered by her mail, NRAI secretary general K Sultan Singh issued her a notice asking her to withdraw her email and furnish an apology letter within seven days or face disciplinary action.

French Open: Zverev, Swiatek Reaches Semi-finals

  • Alexander Zverev returned to the semi-finals of the French Open a year after leaving Roland Garros in a wheelchair, while defending champion Iga Swiatek also maintained her quest for a third title in four years.
  • Zverev had suffered a season-ending ankle injury in his last-four match against eventual champion Rafa Nadal on Court Philippe Chatrier in 2022 and had surgery, but complications later meant a return to pain-free action was delayed.
  • His comeback gathered pace at Roland Garros and he beat unseeded Argentine Tomas Martin Etcheverry 6-4 3-6 6-3 6-4 to book his place in the last four in Paris for a third time.
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PESB Picks Sanjay Swarup to be the Next CMD of CONCOR

  • Sanjay Swarup is set to be next Chairman & Managing Director (CMD) of Container Corporation of India (CONCOR), a PSU under the Ministry of Railways. Swarup was picked for the post by the Public Enterprises Selection Board (PESB) panel. Presently, he is serving as Director (International Marketing & Operations) in the same organisation.
  • Swarup was picked for the post of CMD of CONCOR from a list of eight candidates, who were interviewed by the PESB panel in its selection meeting. Out of eight candidates, six candidates were from CONCOR and one each from Rail Vikas Nigam Limited (RVNL) and Indian Railways Service of Electrical Engineering (IRSEE).
  • As Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of CONCOR, Swarup will be Chief Executive of the company. He will be accountable to the Board of Directors and Government. He will also be responsible for the efficient functioning of the corporation, and for achieving its corporate objectives and performance parameters.
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DRDO Successfully Flight-tests New Generation Ballistic Missile Agni Prime

  • A new-generation ballistic missile 'Agni Prime' was successfully flight tested by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) from Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.
  • During the flight test, all objectives were successfully demonstrated.
  • This was the first pre-induction night launch conducted by the users after three successful developmental trials of the Agni Prime missile, validating the accuracy and reliability of the system.
  • A number of Range Instrumentation like Radar, Telemetry and Electro-Optical Tracking Systems were deployed at different locations, including two downrange ships at the terminal point to capture flight data covering the entire trajectory of the vehicle.
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Award-winning DD Anchor Gitanjali Aiyar Passes Away

  • Gitanjali Aiyar, one of India's first English female news presenters on national broadcaster Doordarshan, passed away. She was in her mid 70s.
  • Graduated from Kolkata's Loreto College, Aiyar joined Doordarshan in 1971 and was awarded the best anchor four times. She also won the Indira Gandhi Priyadarshini Award for Outstanding Women in 1989. In her decades-long illustrious career, she was also associated with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

Kerala's First 'Ashoka Chakra' Winner Havildar Alby D'Cruz Passes Away

  • Alby D'Cruz, Kerala's first Ashoka Chakra recipient, passed away. He was 87. Alby, received India's highest peacetime military decoration from the first President, Rajendra Prasad.
  • The country honoured him with the Ashoka Chakra for his extraordinary bravery during the civil strife with the Naga rebels in the 1960s. In a ceremony held in New Delhi on April 30, 1962, President Rajendra Prasad, presented the Ashoka Chakra to Alby. The then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru also congratulated him on the occasion.
  • While serving in Assam Rifles, Alby took part in the battle with Naga insurgents.
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International Archives Day

  • International Archives Day is an annual celebration held on June 9.
  • During the 2004 International Congress in Vienna, 2000 attending participants adopted a resolution requesting that the United Nations (UN) designates a specific day to mark the importance and value of archives.
  • In 2005, the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared October 27 as the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage (WDAH) during the 33rd session of the UNESCO General Conference held in Paris, France.
  • Subsequently, it was decided at the 2007 International Council on Archives (ICA) Annual General Meeting that June 9 would be celebrated as International Archives Day. The date, June 9, was chosen to commemorate the date ICA was created under the auspices of UNESCO in 1948.
  • One year later the first International Archives Day was celebrated, coinciding with the 60th Anniversary of ICA.

World Accreditation Day

  • World Accreditation Day is an annual global observance held on June 9. It aims at recognising and promoting the role of accreditation across various sectors. This day aims to raise awareness about the value and benefits of accreditation in ensuring competence, reliability, and credibility in industries such as healthcare, laboratories, certification bodies, and conformity assessment services.
  • World Accreditation Day came into existence in 2007 as a result of a joint effort between the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) and the International Accreditation Forum (IAF). The initial commemoration occurred in 2008 and cantered around the theme "Accreditation: Delivering Trust in the Global Market." Throughout the years, World Accreditation Day has continuously delved into various aspects of accreditation, shedding light on its importance in domains like the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the improvement of food quality.
  • The theme for WAD 2023 is 'Accreditation: Supporting the Future of Global Trade'.
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Bihar Govt. Felicitates Padma Awardee Subhadra Devi

  • Bihar government honoured renowned paper mache artiste Subhadra Devi at Delhi's Bihar Bhawan. The Government of Bihar, represented by Resident Commissioner IAS Kundan Kumar, honoured Subhadra Devi with a memento, a letter of appreciation, a shawl, and a generous cheque of Rs. 2 lakh.
  • Subhadra Devi was bestowed with the prestigious Padma Shri award in recognition of her exceptional contributions to the art of paper mache. Her remarkable skills and artistic brilliance captivated the attention of the nation, earning her this distinguished honour in 2023.
  • Hailing from Salempur village in Pandaul Block of Madhubani district, Subhadra Devi has been deeply connected to the art of paper mache since 1980 when she received recognition from the state government's Industry Department. In 1991, the central government also acknowledged her immense talent and dedication.
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NIRF 2023 (Dental Colleges): Top 4 Institutes Retain Their Spots (9)

  • In the list of National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) 2023 released by the Ministry of Education, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai retained its first rank under the dental college category scoring 84.08 points, up from 82.30 points scored in 2022.
  • Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal retained the second spot it secured in 2022. In 2023, the college scored 77.51 points.
  • The third position was secured by Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, the same as last year. This year (2023), the college got a score of 73.08.
  • The fourth spot was bagged by Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi for the third consecutive year.
  • AB Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangaluru came fifth. SRM Dental College, Chennai came sixth. The seventh position was secured by Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research.
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Allahabad High Court Quashes Magistrate Order Issuing Summons against Mukhtar Ansari's Son

  • The Allahabad High Court quashed the Magistrate's order for issuing summons against Bahubali Mukhtar Ansari's son Abbas Ansari and two others after taking cognizance of the offense under Section 171H of CrPC, terming it as illegal.
  • A Single Bench of Justice Rajeev Misra passed this order while hearing an application under section 482 filed by Abbas Ansari and 2 others.
  • Counsel for the applicants submitted that the applicants were charge-sheeted under Section 188 and 171-F IPC. However, the Magistrate at the stage of taking cognizance under Section 190(1) (b) Cr.P.C summoned the applicants under Section 171-H I.P.C.
  • He, therefore, submitted that impugned cognizance taking order/ summoning order is manifestly illegal inasmuch the Magistrate can neither subtract nor cite any section mentioned in the charge-sheet under which the accused persons were been charge-sheeted at the stage of taking cognizance/summoning.
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