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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

25 Apr 2023


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Mohammad Shahabuddin takes oath as Bangladesh's new President

  •  Speaker Shirin Sharmin Chaudhury administered the oath to 73-year-old Mr. Shahabuddin at the historic Durbar Hall of Bangabhaban. Besides Premier Ms. Hasina and family members of the new President, politicians, Supreme Court judges, and senior civil and military officials attended the event.
  • Mr. Shahabuddin succeeds Abdul Hamid whose tenure ended on April 23. After the swearing-in ceremony, Mr. Shahabuddin signed the oath documents for the office of the President.
  • He was elected as President unopposed in February this year as a candidate of the ruling Awami League.

Bangladesh unveils Indo-pacific outlook; declares stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific key to realizing vision of a developed country by 2041

  •  Bangladesh officially unveiled its Indo-Pacific Outlook (IPO) outlining four guiding principles and 15 objectives in the document released by State Minister of Foreign Affairs Shahriar Alam in Dhaka.
  • Foreign Minister Dr A K Abdul Momen and the Spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Saheli Sabrin were also present on the occasion.
  • The official document recognizes that stability and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific is a crucial factor in realizing Bangladesh's 'Vision 2041', which aims to build a modern, knowledge-based developed country by 2041. In view of the importance of the Indo-Pacific area for its collective share in global GDP, international trade, and growing technological dynamism among others, Bangladesh envisions a free, open, peaceful, secure, and inclusive Indo- Pacific for the shared prosperity for all.
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Infosys, Aramco Ink Pact to Create Digitally Connected Employee Experiences

  •  Infosys, a global leader in next-generation digital services and consulting signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Aramco, one of the world's leading integrated energy and chemicals companies, to collaborate on accelerating their human resource (HR) technology.
  • Infosys and Aramco aspire to bring new insights to HR data and analytics, scale the use of automation tools, and enhance employee experience through artificial intelligence (AI) technologies.
  • Infosys also plans to embed digital transformation practices and tools into Aramco's HR platform, enhancing the overall digital experience for employees to engage more productively.
  • Additionally, Infosys aims to leverage AI to further bolster Aramco's employee learning and development experiences and reduce skill gaps. This will attempt to help Aramco unlock talent to match people to opportunities in the company.
  • The collaboration also intends to work on analysing how automation can optimize repetitive tasks related to HR management through AI-powered learning, reducing time and effort in training delivery.

HDFC Bank to Buy Stake in Griha, Gets Singapore Regulatory Body's Approval

  •  HDFC Ltd received approval from the Monetary Authority of Singapore for the acquisition of shares in Griha Pte by HDFC Bank.
  • Griha Pte is a wholly-owned subsidiary of HDFC Investments. The company's ultimate holding corporation is HDFC Ltd.
  • The proposed agreement is subject to approval from the market regulator SEBI in respect of change in control of certain subsidiaries of HDFC Limited. After the acquisition, HDFC Bank will acquire directly or indirectly, 20 per cent or more of the issued share capital of Griha Pte.
  • Griha is a boutique private equity fund manager specialising in real estate private equity investments in India. The firm is registered with the Monetary Authority of Singapore as a fund management company.

SAIL-Bokaro Steel Plant sign MoU with Telecommunications Consultants India to explore 5G

  • SAIL-Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) has signed a Memorandum of understanding with Telecommunications Consultants India (TCIL) to explore the potential of application of 5G/ IT/ telecom and other wireless communication technologies in SAIL-Bokaro Steel Plant.
  • SAIL-BSL has taken the initiative of becoming the first public sector undertaking (PSU) in the country to take initiative for setting up a dedicated 5G network with the help of TCIL which will pave way for the application of fifth-generation mobile system/information technology/telecom technologies in steel manufacturing
  • Besides the steel plant, this partnership will also be useful in providing innovative solutions in SAIL mines and collieries in Jharkhand, Smart Cities
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Indian men's recurve team wins silver; Dhiraj shoots a bronze

  •  Twenty-one-year-old debutant B. Dhiraj performed well to collect an individual bronze medal and was part of the Indian men's recurve team which claimed silver on the concluding day of the Archery World Cup Stage-1 in Antalya on Sunday.
  • In the individual competitions, Dhiraj won the first two sets before losing 4-6 (27-26, 28-27, 28-29, 26-28, 28-30) to Olympian Dan Olaru of Moldova in the semifinals.
  • Dhiraj raised the bar and defeated Kazakhstan's Ilfat Abdullin 7-3 (28-28, 29-26, 28-29, 29-27, 29-27) in a closely-fought duel to take the bronze medal.
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PM Modi Inaugurates India's First Water Metro in Kochi

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged off India's first water metro that connects 10 small islands around Kochi with boats running on hybrid power.
  • The Rs. 1,137 crore project, funded by German funding agency KFW and the Kerala government, provides a cheap mode of transport for commuters and tourists. Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan said that the water metro proves that urban transport can be environment friendly. 

Centre Launches 'Operation Kaveri' to Rescue Indians Stranded In Sudan

  • India  launched 'Operation Kaveri' to rescue its citizens stranded in Sudan amidst violent conflict between the country's army and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF).
  • India has positioned two heavy-lift military transport aircraft in the Saudi Arabian city of Jeddah and a naval ship at a key port in violence-hit Sudan as part of its contingency plans to evacuate its stranded nationals.
  • The development came even as France and Saudi Arabia have evacuated some Indians along with citizens of other countries as part of their evacuation mission from Sudan. 

First Army formation to reach Dhaka during 1971 Bangladesh war celebrates 60 years 

  • The HQ 101 Area was raised on the outskirts of Meghalaya's capital Shillong in 1963 as the 101 Communication Zone soon after the Chinese aggression. It went beyond its role of providing logistic support to all formations and units in the northeast to take part in active combat. The HQ 101 Area was raised on the outskirts of Meghalaya's capital Shillong in 1963 as the 101 Communication Zone soon after the Chinese aggression. It went beyond its role of providing logistic support to all formations and units in the northeast to take part in active combat. The Area undertook counter-insurgency operations in Mizoram from 1966-69. During the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War, it took part in operations in the Sylhet and Mymensingh districts of present-day Bangladesh, then East Pakistan. I
  • t was the first formation to reach Dhaka on the morning of December 16, 1971, leading to the surrender by Pakistan that afternoon, earning it the name "First in Dacca". 
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Iconic Sharjah stadium stand named after Sachin Tendulkar on his 50th birthday

  •  An iconic Sharjah cricket stadium stand has been renamed after Sachin Tendulkar in a special ceremony in the UAE, honouring the Indian cricket legend on his 50th birthday on April 24.
  • The West Stand at the iconic stadium has been renamed the 'Sachin Tendulkar Stand.' A special ceremony  marked the naming of the stand incidentally around the time the master blaster celebrated his 50th birthday.Not only does it coincide with the Indian batting legend's birthday, but also with the 25th anniversary of his 'Desert Storm' back-to-back centuries against Australia in 1998 to a packed stadium.

Cricket GroundGates named after Sachin Tendulkar, Brian Lara unveiled at Sydney

  • All visiting players will now take the field through the newly-named Lara-Tendulkar Gates, with the duo bestowed with the honour on Monday to coincide with Mr. Tendulkar's 50th birthday.
  • The Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG)  used legendary Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar's 50th birthday celebrations to unveil gates at the iconic Australia venue that are named after the India legend and fellow cricketing great Brian Lara from West Indies.
  • Mr. Tendulkar's first Test century on Australia shores came at the picturesque Sydney venue and the champion right-hander averaged a whopping 157 from five Test matches at the ground. In 13 international matches at SCG, Mr. Tendulkar has scored 1,100 runs at an average of 100, with four centuries and four fifties and the best score of 241*

Indian-origin CEO on racial justice advisory board in US

  •  Udai Tambar, an Indian-origin CEO involved in youth development services in the US, is among 15 experts appointed as members of the newly-formed racial justice advisory board in New York City. Tambar, the CEO and President of New York Junior Tennis and Learning (NYJTL) was named as a member of the advisory board on implementation of the Racial Justice Charter Amendments, launched last week by Mayor Eric Adams and Mayor's Office of Equity Commissioner Sideya Sherman.
  • The board will help ensure that New York City continues to lead the nation in innovative, racial equity work and carries out the city's newly enshrined charter changes, according to a statement by the Mayor's office.
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World Immunization Week 2023 observed on 24th to 30th April.

  •  World Immunization Week, celebrated in the last week of April, aims to highlight the collective action needed to protect people from vaccine-preventable diseases. The aim of this week is to increase awareness around the benefits of immunization and also to encourage people to get vaccinated. This year the day is observed from April 24th to April 30th and is an important effort to help prevent the spread of deadly diseases around the world. The theme for this year's World Immunization Week is "The Big Catch-Up" and aims to emphasize the need for countries to accelerate their progress towards ensuring that everyone, particularly children are protected from preventable diseases

World Malaria Day: India registers over 85 per cent decline in malaria cases from 2015 to 2022

  •  World Malaria Day is being observed on 25th of April . It is an international observance commemorated every year on 25th of April to recognise global efforts to control malaria. It is an occasion to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control. World Malaria Day was instituted by WHO Member States during the World Health Assembly of 2007. This year the theme is - Time to deliver zero malaria: invest, innovate, implement. Malaria is a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable. Malaria symptoms include high fever,chills, headache and other flu like symptoms.
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PM GatiShakti national master plan gets award for excellence in public administr.

  •  The prime minister's awards for excellence in public administration have been instituted to recognise the extraordinary and innovative work done by districts.PM Gati Shakti national master plan initiative, launched in October 2021 for integrated and planned development of critical infrastructure projects to reduce logistics costs, received an award for excellence in public administration-2022 from Prime Minister Narendra Modi . Secretary in the department for promotion of industry and internal trade (DPIIT) Anurag Jain received the award at the 16th Civil Services Day.Modi conferred these awards for excellence in public administration for effective implementation of identified priority programmes and innovation to implementing units, and central and state organisations.
  • The prime minister's awards for excellence in public administration have been instituted to recognise the extraordinary and innovative work done by districts, and organisations of the central and state governments for people's welfare.
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Minister Bhupender Yadav launches new features in eShram Portal to facilitate ease of registration for unorganised workers

  •  Union Minister for Labour and Employment Bhupender Yadav launched new features in eShram Portal in the presence of Arti Ahuja, Secretary, Ministry of Labour and Employment and other senior officers of the ministry.
  • The new features added in eShram portal will enhance its utility and facilitate ease of registration for unorganised workers. The eShram-registered workers can now connect with employment opportunities, skilling, apprenticeship, pension scheme, digital skilling and states' schemes through the portal.
  • As on March 16, 2023, as many as 28.64 crore unorganised workers registered on eShram portal
  • The minister of State for Labour and Employment Rameswar Teli on March 16 in a written reply to a question in Rajya Sabha informed that as on March 10, 2023, a total of 28.64 crore unorganised workers have been registered on eShram portal.
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NCERT Removes Darwin's Evolution Theory from Science Textbook

  •  More than 1,800 scientists, teachers, educators, and science enthusiasts from across India signed an open letter to NCERT condemning the removal of Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution from the science textbooks for Classes 9 and 10.
  • The Breakthrough Science Society released a press statement that includes the letter titled 'An Appeal Against Exclusion of Evolution from Curriculum,' which is signed by representatives of notable scientific institutions such as the Indian Institute of Science, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, and Indian Institute of Technology.
  • The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), the government body mandated to advise the central and state governments on school education, had carried out a syllabus rationalisation exercise to reduce the burden on students after the Covid-19 pandemic.
  • As a result, chapter 9 of the science textbook, 'Heredity and Evolution,' was replaced by 'Heredity.' However, the scientific community believes that the removal of Darwin's Theory of Evolution is a 'travesty of education,' and students will be handicapped in their thought processes without exposure to this fundamental scientific discovery.

IIT Kanpur, C3iHub Launches Cybersecurity Skilling Programme

  •  The Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IIT Kanpur) launched a Cybersecurity Skilling Programme in collaboration with its cybersecurity Technology and Innovation Hub, C3iHub.
  • The programme is taught in Hindi, and is an eight weeks (6 hours per week) long and includes live sessions, online assignments, and hands-on exercises. The prerequisite of this programme are basics of computer networks, operating system (Linux / Windows). Bash script and Python is optional.
  • Upon completion of the programme, students will receive a certificate from C3iHub, which will add value to their professional profile.

India's first indigenous pneumonia vaccine by SII launched

  •  The first indigenous vaccine against pneumonia, developed by the Serum Institute of India (SII), was launched by Union health minister Harsh Vardhan . The vaccine would be sold under the name 'Pneumosil' and would be available either as a single dose in a vial and pre-filled syringe or as multidose in vials at affordable prices, the Union ministry of health and family welfare (MoHFW) said in a statement.
  • The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) would be used to treat pneumonia in children and has been developed by SII in collaboration with other partners like the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the statement said. Vardhan said that the vaccine has been developed during the Covid-19 pandemic time and is also in line with the Aatmanirbhar Bharat program (self-reliant India) of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
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Centre to develop 50 new tourist destinations

  •  The Centre  planed to develop 50 new tourist destinations across the country with a focus on green tourism.
  • Tourism Ministry was also exploring promotion of digitalization, skill development, promotion of MSMEs and destination management, Union Tourism Secretary Arvind Singh said.
  • Addressing the G20 Tourism Expo in Jaipur, he said the government was also focusing on robust infrastructure development. "We are taking a 360-degree view of developing the tourism infrastructure with focus on enhancing rail, road, and Air connectivity. We have recommended 59 new routes to the Ministry of Civil Aviation under the Udaan Scheme, which is very successful and out of these 51 Tourism routes have already been operationalized".
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CJI Chandrachud Inaugurates New Judges Library at Supreme Court

  •  The Chief Justice of India Justice D. Y. Chandrachud, formally made the New Judges library in the Additional Building Complex of the Supreme Court functional.
  • The Chief Justice of India also inaugurated the Soli Sorabjee's Bibliotheca by unveiling his portrait in the library.
  • The new library has four floors, which includes the circulation section, reference section, information management section, legal research and legislation section and acquisition section.
  • As per the available data, the total books and reference material in the library is about 3,77,000 out of which 2,40,000 are placed in the new library.
  • It is important to note that the library also has a huge collection of legal commentaries, law reports, biographies and general books, along with a Judges Lounge and a Judges Conference Room.
  • To commemorate the 50 years of the Kesavananda Bharati judgement, the Chief Justice of India has also released a webpage dedicated to the judgement. This occasion was graced by Judges of the Supreme Court, along with senior officials of the Registry.

Supreme Court Says Courts Should Not Interfere with Arbitral Proceedings Till an Award is Passed

  •  The Supreme Court has said that the courts usually should not interfere with the arbitral proceedings, especially till the time an award is not passed.
  • The top court disapproved the practice of filing applications in disposed of Special Leave Petitions (SLPs) for side stepping the arbitration process, and added that the said applications must not be entertained by the court.
  • The bench comprising of Justice Krishna Murari and Justice Sanjay Karol was dealing with an application filed in an SLP disposed of by the court by referring the parties to arbitration under an MoU executed between them.
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