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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

21 Apr 2022

DAILY G.K. TEST

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ENVIRONMENT

New Shrimp Species Discovered off Lakshadweep

  • Scientists from the ICAR-National Bureau of Fish Genetic Resources (NBFGR) discovered a new species of shrimp, which has been named Actinimenes koyas.
  • The species was collected at a depth of 1.0–2.0 m from the coral atoll of Agatti Island, which is part of the Lakshadweep group of islands, by a team comprising Purushothaman Paramasivam, A. Dhinakaran, T.T. Ajith Kumar and Kuldeep K. Lal.
  • This new species has been named 'Koyas' to honour the local community on the Lakshadweep islands as Koyas form an important ethnic community on the islands, who have made a significant contribution to the development and preservation of the heritage of the society.
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

IFSCA Executes MoU with National Insurance Academy (NIA)

  • The International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA), with an objective of capacity building and providing skilled talent pool in the insurance sector in International Financial Services Centres (IFSCs), entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the National Insurance Academy (NIA).
  • IFSCA aims to develop a strong global connect and focus on the needs of the Indian economy as well as to serve as an international financial platform at regional/ global level. Insurance is an emerging sector at IFSC, and the MoU with NIA would go long way in capacity development in the field of insurance.

Cyrus S. Poonawalla tops Hurun Global Healthcare Rich List 2022

  • Chairman and Managing Director of Serum Institute of India(SII), Dr. Cyrus S. Poonawalla topped the Hurun Global Healthcare Rich List 2022 and became the richest billionaire in the healthcare sector 2022. He topped the list with a new value of USD 26 billion (up 41%). Cyrus Poonawalla is followed by Thomas Frist Jr & Family of HCA Healthcare, Li Xiting and Xu Hang of Mindray at the 2nd position with a net value of USD 19 billion. Dilip Shanghvi & Family, of the Sun Pharmaceuticals, is at the 5th position with a net worth of USD 18 billion.

Jasleen Kohli Appointed as MD and CEO of Digit Insurance

  • Digit Insurance, which is backed by Canadian billionaire Prem Watsa, announced Jasleen Kohli as the company's new managing director (MD) and chief executive officer (CEO) with effect from April 20, 2022.
  • Kohli formerly served as chief distribution officer (CDO) at Digit, where she was responsible for all of the company's sales and distribution channels. Before joining Digit as the CDO in 2017, she was the director at Allianz Technology. Kohli, 42, will be one of youngest CEOs in the insurance industry.
  • Digit predominantly sells motor insurance, which accounts for nearly 75% of its product mix while commercial fire insurance accounts for 13% of the portfolio. Since 2020, the startup has also been selling health insurance cover that along with travel insurance makes up the balance 12%.
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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Astronomers Find New Type of Star Explosion " A Micronova

  • Astronomers detected a previously unknown type of stellar explosion called a micronova involving thermonuclear blasts at the polar regions of a type of burned-out star called a white dwarf after it has siphoned material from a companion star. Micronova is by far the least powerful type of star explosions now known -- less energetic than a blast called a nova in which a white dwarf's entire surface blows up and tiny compared to a supernova that occurs during the death throes of some giant stars.
  • Micronovae are observed from Earth as bursts of light lasting about 10 hours. They were documented on three white dwarfs - one 1,680 light years away from Earth, one 3,720 light years away and one 4,900 light years away. A light year is the distance light travels in a year, 9.5 trillion km.
  • The researchers discovered the micronovae when analysing data from NASA's TESS space telescope. They used the European Southern Observatory's Chile-based Very Large Telescope to confirm the explosions involved white dwarfs.
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SPORTS

Kieron Pollard Announces Retirement from International Cricket

  • West Indies white-ball captain Kieron Pollard announced his retirement from international cricket though he will continue to freelance in private T20 and T10 leagues across the globe. Pollard, who made his ODI debut back in 2007, fittingly played his last series against India, a country which has become his second home due to his long association with Mumbai Indians.
  • While he is a feared T20 cricketer, one of the finest that the world has seen, his numbers for the West Indies remain underwhelming with only 2,706 runs at just above 26 and 55 wickets from 123 ODIs along with 1,569 runs from 101 T20Is at an average of shade over 25. He also took 44 wickets. One of the biggest six hitters, there wasn't a bowler in world cricket who didn't fear bowling fuller deliveries to Pollard in his prime and also the yorkers which would be effortlessly dug-out for straight sixes.
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

National Cyber Exercise Underway To Train Govt. Officials on Cyber Threat

  • The National Security Council Secretariat organised National Cyber Security Incident Response Exercise (NCX India) for government officials and critical sector organisations to strengthen India's cyber posture. National Security Advisor Ajit Doval inaugurated the National Cyber Security Incident Response Exercise.
  • The participants will be trained on various key cyber security areas such as Intrusion Detection Techniques, Malware Information Sharing Platform (MISP), Vulnerability Handling & Penetration Testing, Network Protocols & Data Flows, Digital Forensics, among others.
  • The exercise came on the backdrop of incidents of hacking of power grids in Ladakh and a number of incidents wherein Twitter handles of ministries were hacked.

Delhi Govt. to Deploy Cranes with 'Real Time' Updates to Ease Bus Congestion

  • The Delhi government will give real-time updates to teams so that they can rush with cranes and ease bunching of buses caused by wrong parking or other obstructions. Transport Minister Kailash Gahlot inspected the ongoing bus lane enforcement drive near Apollo Hospital, across Ashram Chowk to Badarpur Corridor, and said that by training and inculcating lane discipline, the government aims to ensure safety of the people on Delhi's roads.
  • Zone with appropriate measurements 75 meters ahead of the bus stands is designated as pick-up and drop-off area for autos, taxis, and cars.

AK Sood is Principal Scientific Advisor

  • The government appointed AK Sood as the Principal Scientific Advisor (PSA) to it. He succeeds Prof. K. VijayRaghavan. Dr. Sood is a physicist and member of the Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-STIAC) and a physicist known for his work on graphene. He is a Distinguished Professor of Physics at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.
  • The PSA's office coordinates with several Ministries and advises the government in science and technology policies and interventions that are of strategic socio–economic importance. It also advises institutions, academia and industry. The PM-STIAC is one of the catalysts for such tasks and also overseas the implementation of the tasks.
  • The body has nine major missions: Natural Language Translation, Quantum Frontier, Artificial Intelligence, National Biodiversity Mission, Electric Vehicles, Bio–science for Human Health, Waste to Wealth, Deep Ocean Exploration, Accelerating Growth of New India's Innovations (AGNIi).
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DEFENCE

Vagsheer, the Lst of Six Submarines under Project 75, Launched

  • The Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders launched INS Vagsheer, the last of the six submarines under Project 75. The submarine was launched by Defence Secretary Ajay Kumar. Post-launch, the submarine will undergo a comprehensive and rigorous set of tests and trials for more than a year to ensure that it is fully combat-worthy.
  • The new submarine is the latest incarnation of its earlier version, as according to naval parlance a ship never ceases to exist. Even after a ship/submarine is decommissioned, a new ship/submarine replaces the old one with the same name.

Russia Successfully Test-fires Sarmat Intercontinental Ballistic Missile

  • Russia successfully test-launched a Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile at a time when Moscow-West tensions have sharply escalated over Ukraine. The missile was fired from a silo at 15:12 Moscow Time at the Plesetsk state test cosmodrome in northwest Russia's Arkhangelsk region.
  • After the test, Russian President Vladimir Putin said the new missile complex has "the highest tactical and technical characteristics and is able to overcome all modern means of anti-missile defense".
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PERSONS IN NEWS

AAP's Raghav Chadha, Ukrainian Minister Fedorov in World Economic Forum's Young Global Leaders List

  • Aam Aadmi Party leader Raghav Chadha, Edelweiss Mutual Fund CEO Radhika Gupta and Ukrainian Vice Prime Minister and Minister of Digital Transformation Mykhailo Fedorov were named by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in its 2022 list of Young Global Leaders. Chadha, who was recently elected to the Rajya Sabha after AAP's massive victory in Punjab, was earlier his party's MLA in the national capital.
  • The WEF described the members of the list as "the world's most promising 109 Young Global Leaders under the age of 40, involved in activities from green energy and health equity to refugee rights and education reform.
  • The class of 2022 is gender-equal and has representatives from 42 countries. Members will take part in a three-year leadership development programme that will help them reach their next level of impact. The programme offers executive education courses, expeditions and opportunities to collaborate and test ideas with a trusted network of peers.
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DAYS AND EVENTS

World Creativity and Innovation Day

  • World Creativity and Innovation Day is celebrated on April 21 every year. The day aims to raise awareness about the importance of creativity and innovation in problem-solving and encourage creative multidisciplinary thinking at the individual and group levels. The World Creativity and Innovation Week is also observed from April 15-21.
  • The theme of World Creativity and Innovation Day 2022: Collaboration
  • World Creativity and Innovation Day (WCID) was founded on 25 May 2001 in Toronto, Canada. The founder of the day was the Canadian Marci Segal. Segal was studying creativity in 1977 at the International Center for Studies in Creativity.

National Civil Service Day

  • Every year on 21 April Civil Service Day is celebrated to rededicate and recommit themselves to the cause of the people. On this day Civil servants from various parts of the country come together, share their experiences and also learn about others' experiences of working in the public sector.
  • The reason behind choosing this very date was to commemorate the day when the first Home Minister of Independent India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, addressed the probationers of Administrative Services Officers in 1947 at Metcalf House, Delhi. There he referred to civil servants as the 'steel frame of India'. This meant that civil servants, employed at various levels of the government, act as supporting pillars of the country's administrative system.
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AWARDS AND HONOURS

Indian-American Defence Expert Vivek Lall to Receive Entrepreneur Leadership Award

  • In recognition of his contribution in the defence sector, Indian-American chief executive of General Atomics Global Corporation Vivek Lall was selected for the prestigious Entrepreneur Leadership Awards by the Indo-American Chamber of Commerce. Established in 1968, the Indo-American Chamber of Commerce (IACC) is the apex bi-lateral Chamber synergising India-US economic engagement.
  • Lall was selected for the 'Global Leader in Defence and Aviation Sector' award category.
  • Former US presidents George Bush, Jimmy Carter, Lynden Johnson, Ronald Reagan are some others that have been conferred this honour. Lall was also granted the Grand Cross by His Highness Mahmoud Salah Al Din Assaf from the Royal Order of Banu Assaf in January 2022.

Union Steel Ministry to Host National Metallurgist Award 2021 to Recognise Outstanding Contribution of Metallurgists/Engineers

  • The Union Steel Ministry will host National Metallurgist Award 2021 in New Delhi to recognise the outstanding contribution of metallurgists and engineers in the field of iron and steel. The programme will be chaired by the Steel Minister Ram Chandra Prasad Singh. The Steel Ministry has instituted the National Metallurgist Award after extensive deliberations with the Ministry of Home Affairs regarding rationalisation of the awards in line with the vision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The process of submissions of applications or nominations for the National Metallurgist Award 2021 was initiated during August to September in 2021. The awards will be given under categories like Lifetime Achievement, National Metallurgist, For Research and Development in Iron and Steel Sector and Young Metallurgist.
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GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND SCHEMES

Ayushman Bharat-Health & Wellness Centre Scheme Marks 4th Anniversary

  • The Union Health minister Mansukh Mandaviya, organised a week-long celebration under the "Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav", marking the fourth anniversary of Ayushman Bharat- Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) from April 16 to April 22. The inauguration of the first AB-HWC on 14th April 2018, at Jangla, a serene village in the Bijapur District of Chhattisgarh.
  • The union Health minister addressed the fourth-anniversary celebration of AB-HWCs in a meeting organised virtually, which saw the participation of more than 1 Lakh AB-HWCs, State Health ministers, senior officials of all the States and Union Territories, healthcare workers from various hospitals and development partners.
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TOURISM AND HOTEL INDUSTRY AWARENESS

Govt to Launch AYUSH Visa for Traditional Medical Tourism

  • In a bid to boost medical tourism in traditional medicine, India is set to offer special visas for those travelling to the country to avail AYUSH treatment, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced at a global business event on AYUSH. Inaugurating the three-day Global AYUSH Investment and Innovation Summit at Mahatma Mandir in Ahmedabad, Modi said that the government will also soon launch an 'AYUSH mark' for standardisation and authentication of quality AYUSH products in the global market.
  • AYUSH, which stands for Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, also saw the launch of a dedicated portal for the recently formed AYUSH Export Promotion Council. Further, the government is also set to create a network of AYUSH Parks to encourage research and boost indigenous manufacturing of traditional medicinal products.
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