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General Awareness

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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

11 Apr 2022

DAILY G.K. TEST

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Imran Khan First Pakistani Prime Minister to Lose No-trust Vote

  • Notably, no Prime Minister has completed a full five-year tenure in Pakistan so far. Despite several attempts to block the no-confidence motion in the National Assembly, the voting took place in which as many as 174 members voted in favour of the motion in the 342-member House while members of the ruling Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) were absent.
  • Imran Khan sought to link the opposition's move to oust him through a no-trust vote with "foreign conspiracy" and named the United States in some of his speeches. However, the United States rejected his allegations. Imran Khan also gave calls for people to take to the streets while the joint opposition remained steadfast in its objective of defeating him.
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ENVIRONMENT

First Ever NTCA Meeting Outside National Capital Held at Arunachal Pradesh

  • The 20th Meeting of National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) was held in Pakke tiger reserve in Arunachal Pradesh under the chairmanship of Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change Shri Bhupender Yadav.
  • For the first time in history the NTCA meeting happened outside the national capital. In order to get first hand information about reserve, local issues etc. the Union Minister had directed that henceforth these meetings will be held outside Delhi in forest areas or in tiger reserves.
  • On the occasion around 100 air guns were surrendered by the local villagers. Rampant use of Air gun was a problem in north eastern states. Arunachal Pradesh in March 2021, had started the Air Gun Surrender Abhiyaan which has so far yielded great results.
  • India harbors about 70% of the world's tiger population in wild. The tigers occupy different landscapes in the country. While some landscapes have rich and viable populations in accordance with the habitat and prey-base, there are some habitats that are under occupied for various regions but have potential to support better tiger population.
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

Infosys and Rolls-Royce Launches 'Aerospace Engineering and Digital Innovation Centre'

  • Infosys, a global leader in next-generation digital services and consulting, and Rolls-Royce, one of the world's leading industrial technology companies, inaugurated their joint 'Aerospace Engineering and Digital Innovation Centre' in Bengaluru, India.
  • This centre has been established to provide high-end research and development (R&D) services integrated with advanced digital capabilities to Rolls-Royce's engineering and group business services from India. Infosys and Rolls-Royce's collaboration has been reinforced through strategic deals, aimed at yielding mutual benefits to both organisations over the next seven years.

RBI Imposes Penalties on Axis Bank, IDBI Bank

  • Reserve Bank of India imposed a penalty of Rs. 93 lakh on Axis Bank for various violations, including those related to KYC guidelines. The central bank also slapped a fine of Rs. 90 lakh on IDBI Bank.
  • A monetary penalty of Rs. 93 lakh has been imposed on Axis Bank for non-compliance of certain directions issued by RBI. The private sector lender violated certain provisions on loans and advances, Know Your Customer (KYC) guidelines and 'levy of penal charges non-maintenance of minimum balances in savings bank accounts'
  • IDBI Bank has been penalised for non-compliance of directions on 'frauds - classification and reporting by commercial banks and select financial institutions'. It was also fined for violating norms on 'strengthening the controls of payment ecosystem between sponsor banks and corporate customers like SCBs/UCBs' and 'cyber security framework.'

South-Central Railway Launches 'One Station One Product' Initiative at 6 Major Stations

  • The South-Central Railway (SCR) launched the "One station One Product" initiative at 6 major stations in all its six divisions. SCR in-charge General Manager, Arun Kumar Jain, inaugurated stalls under the new initiative at Secunderabad Station. The stalls were also opened at Kacheguda beside Vijayawada, Guntur and Aurangabad Stations. The Government had announced the new initiative in the General Budget 2022-23 and is already under trial at Tirupati.
  • Railways stations are suitable to promote indigenous and local products and the initiative is aimed at making the railway stations a sales and promotional hub for them.
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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Axiom-1: First All-private Crew Launches to Space Station

  • Four astronauts left Earth on the first all-private mission to the International Space Station (ISS). The four men are called the Axiom-1 crew.
  • A former US space agency (Nasa) astronaut, Michael López-Alegría, is commanding the mission. Flying alongside him are US real estate entrepreneur and aerobatic pilot Larry Connor; Israeli investor and philanthropist Eytan Stibbe; and Canadian entrepreneur, investor and philanthropist Mark Pathy.
  • This mission was launched by SpaceX.
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SPORTS

World Doubles Squash Championships: India Wins Maiden Women's Doubles and Mixed Doubles Titles in Glasgow

  • In the World Doubles Squash Championships, India's Dipika Pallikal teaming up with Saurav Ghosal and Joshna Chinappa, has won mixed doubles and women's doubles titles at Glasgow.
  • Dipika Pallikal and Saurav Ghosal, seeded second, defeated the fourth-seeded English pair Adrian Waller and Alison Waters 11-6, 11-8 in the final to claim the mixed doubles title, becoming India's first-ever World Doubles squash champions.
  • Later, Pallikal paired up with Joshna Chinappa to claim the women's doubles title. With this win, Dipika doubled India's and her own world championships, medal count. Third-seeds Indians oust England's Sarah-Jane Perry and Alison Waters, the second seeds, 11-9, 4-11, 11-8 in a hard-fought final.

Ferrari Driver Charles Leclerc Wins Formula 1 Australian Grand Prix

  • Leclerc extended his lead in the drivers' championship while claiming his second win of the season following victory in the season-opening race in Bahrain.
  • Leclerc was able to hold off Red Bull rival Max Verstappen during the opening laps and defended well mid-race under safety car conditions to pull away for a decisive 20.524-second victory.
  • Verstappen, the world champion, endured another frustrating race when a mechanical failure ended his hopes while he was running second 39 laps into the 58-lap race.
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Ministry of Sports Releases USD 72,124 to UNESCO Fund for Elimination of Doping

  • The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India, contributed an amount of USD 72,124 towards the UNESCO Fund for Elimination of Doping in Sport 2022. This is double the amount of the minimum agreed value. As per the resolution of 7COP held at Paris between 29-31 September 2019, the state parties had agreed for contributing 1% of the regular budget of their respective nations to UNESCO towards the Fund for the Elimination of Doping in Sport.
  • In 2021, India contributed USD 28172 towards the UNESCO Fund. The contributed fund will be used to support the implementation of the Fund's Operational Strategy 2020-2025.

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Establishes the AVGC Promotion Task Force

  • The Information and Broadcasting Ministry constituted an Animation, Visual Effects, Gaming and Comics (AVGC) promotion task force. Headed by the I&B Secretary, the task force would submit its first action plan within 90 days. It has representation from the industry, academia and State governments.
  • The body would frame a national AVGC policy; recommend national curriculum framework for graduation, post-graduation and doctoral courses in AVGC-related sectors; and facilitate skilling initiatives in collaboration with academic institutions, vocational training centres and industry.
  • It would boost employment opportunities; help in the promotion and market development activities to extend global reach of Indian industry; enhance exports and recommend incentives to attract foreign direct investment in the sector.

European GI Tag for Kangra Tea Likely

  • Kangra tea is likely to be awarded the Geographical Indication Tag (GI tag) for the European Union. The subject of Tea Cultivation and Development was transferred from the Industries Department to the Agriculture Department in April, 1999. Since then, various steps have been taken to improve tea cultivation in the state, particularly in Kangra. In 2005 the Kangra tea had received the Indian GI tag.
  • More than one lakh plants were provided to tea growers in 2021-22 and an area of 5.6 hectares was brought under fresh plantation.
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DEFENCE

India Successfully Test-fires Pinaka Missile Systems at Pokhran Ranges

  • A new version of the Pinaka rocket system was successfully flight-tested by the DRDO and the Indian Army at the Pokhran firing ranges.
  • As many as 24 Pinaka Mk-I (Enhanced) Rocket Systems (EPRS) were fired for different ranges during the last fortnight and the weapons met the required accuracy and consistency.
  • The Pinaka rocket system has been developed by Armament Research and Development Establishment, Pune, supported by High Energy Materials Research Laboratory, another Pune-based laboratory of the DRDO.
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PERSONS IN NEWS

Veteran Actor Shiv Kumar Subrahmaniam Passes Away

  • Veteran actor and writer Shiv Kumar Subrahmaniam passed away in Mumbai. He was 62 years old. Known for penning critically-acclaimed films "Parinda", "1942: A Love Story" and "Chameli", Subrahmanyam had also featured in films like "2 States", "Hichki", "Stanley Ka Dabba", "Kaminey" and "Meenakshi Sundareshwar".
  • Various colleagues and industry friends including actor Manoj Bajpayee, Ranvir Shorey and filmmaker Sudhir Mishra, among others took to Twitter to pay homage to Subrahmanyam.
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DAYS AND EVENTS

National Safe Motherhood Day

  • National Safe Motherhood Day is observed annually on April 11, 2022 in India, emphasising the importance of antenatal care in pregnancy, as well as skilled care during childbirth and the first few weeks after birth. The ultimate goal of the day is to provide better medical care in order to reduce the maternal mortality rate or ratio, which can be defined as deaths caused by pregnancy or childbirth complications.
  • Since 2003, National Safe Motherhood Day has been observed, which was first proposed by the (WRA).
  • The theme of this year's National Safe Motherhood Day is "Remain at home amid corona virus, protect mother and infant safe from corona virus."
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AWARDS AND HONOURS

World Press Photo of the Year 2022: Kamloops Residential School

  • A photograph by Canadian photographer Amber Bracken titled "Kamloops Residential School" won the 2022 World Press Photo of the Year award. The photo shows children's clothing hung on crosses commemorating the more than two hundred children who died of maltreatment, neglect and disease at the Kamloops Indian Residential School in British Columbia. Ms Bracken's photo also won the Singles award in the regional North and Central America category.
  • The annual World Press Photo of the Year award is part of the World Press Photo Awards, organized by the Dutch foundation World Press Photo. The award rewards photographers for the best single exposure pictures contributing to the past year of visual journalism.

Veteran Bengali Author Amar Mitra Wins Prestigious O. Henry Award

  • Sahitya Akademi awardee Amar Mitra wrote back in 1977 Gaonburo when he was 26 years old. It fetched him the 1919-founded O. Henry Award, whose past winners include William Faulkner, Saul Bellow and Raymond Carver.
  • The award has reinforced Mr. Mitra's belief that the short story — titled Gaonburo in Bangla and The Old Man of Kusumpur in English — must have some "internal force" for even the Western audience to find it relevant after 45 long years.
  • The story is about a man's journey to a remote village to meet a seer-like figure who is supposed to have answers to all of life's problems. As he makes the difficult journey, people who help him along the way pile him with their own problems, asking him to present their case to the old man.

40 Get Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards

  • Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu conferred the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship and Sangeet Natak Awards for the year 2018 on eminent artists at a special function. The Lalit Kala Akademi Awards were also presented.
  • The Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship was given to four artistes, while 40 others were honoured with Sangeet Natak Akademi Awards. Lalit Kala Akademi Awards, including three fellowships, were conferred on 23 personalities. The recipients of the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship are tabla maestro Zakir Hussain, dancer and choreographer Jatin Goswami, dancer Sonal Mansingh and dance teacher Thiruvidaimarudur Kuppiah Kalyanasundaram.
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GOVERNMENT POLICIES AND SCHEMES

AAI Airports Providing Platform to Self-Help Groups for Promotion of Local Artisans and Products through 'AVSAR' Scheme

  • In the line with the vision of Prime Minister Narendra Modi to encourage the talent of women, artisans and craftsmen and provide them with the right opportunities, Airport Authority of India (AAI) has taken an initiative to allocate space to Self Help Groups (SHGs) at its airports for selling/showcasing the self-made products of their region.
  • Under "AVSAR" (Airport as Venue for Skilled Artisans Of The Region), which is an initiative of AAI, an opportunity to help the indigent to mobilize their households into functionally effective self-earned groups for self-reliance and self-dependence, has been provided. Under this scheme, an area of 100-200 square feet has been earmarked at each AAI operated airport. The space is being allotted to the self- help groups, turn on turn basis, for a duration of 15 days.
  • Applications from self-help groups are received on AAI portal (Airport Wise) for allotment at airport in that particular state where the SHG's are located.

Haryana Fulfills Target of 'Har Ghar Nal Se Jal' Mission

  • Haryana completed the target of "Har Ghar Nal Se Jal" mission.
  • Although the Central Government had set the deadline of 2024 to achieve this goal, the target of connecting 100 per cent households with "Nal Se Jal" has been successfully completed in the year 2022 across the state.
  • Not only was this, with this achievement Haryana was ranked among the top three best-performing states in the country under the "Har Ghar Nal Se Jal" mission.
  • This mission was implemented to make provision of water supply from tap to every household in the villages. Through this mission, a continuous effort was made to liberate women from the arduous task of bringing fresh water from far-off places by keeping vessels and utensils on their heads.
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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION

UGC Gives Approval for Establishment of Bhima Bhoi Chair at DU, GGV

  • The Bhima Bhoi Chair at Delhi University and Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya in Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh, have been authorised by the University Grants Commission.
  • In separate letters to the two central institutions, the UGC stated that the universities may create the Chair by filling existing vacant positions, and that other recurrent expenses could be charged to monies already allocated to them.
  • Bhima Bhoi was a saint, poet, and philosopher from Odisha. He battled against the caste system in Hinduism. Bhima Bhoi, a saint, poet, and philosopher from Odisha, India, was born in 1850 and died in 1895. Bhima Bhoi was a Mahima Swamy bhakta (commonly referred to as Mahima Gosain and whose birth name is said to have been Mukunda Das). Bhima Bhoi would be initiated into Mahima Dharma, an Indian religious tradition that challenged caste Hinduism on its own terms, from Mahima Swamy.

Eminent Scholar-academician Manoj Soni New UPSC Chairman

  • Dr. Manoj Soni, a monk associated with the Anoopam Mission of the Swaminarayan sect, was appointed the Chairman of the country's premier government recruiting agency, i.e., the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
  • Dr. Soni was appointed to replace the previous UPSC chairman Pradip Kumar Joshi. Prior to this assignment, Soni has also served as the vice-chancellor of two universities, and has earned several national and international awards and recognitions.

Cadila Pharma Launches World's First Novel 3-dose Vaccine against Rabies

  • Pharmaceutical major Cadila Pharmaceuticals announced that it has developed the world's first novel three-dose vaccine against rabies. The three-dose vaccine, named as 'ThRabis', is a recombinant nano-particle based G protein vaccine which is prepared using Virus-like Particle technology, the company said in a release, adding that the three-dose schedule is spread over only one week.
  • The new vaccine would prove to be a game-changer because all the existing rabies vaccines require five injections, spread over 28 days for eliminating the threat (of virus spread), Cadila Pharmaceuticals CMD Rajiv Modi said at the launch ceremony of the new vaccine.
  • Animal bite victims could not complete the full course of the vaccine due to the long and complicated dosing schedule. This leaves many victims unprotected and susceptible to developing rabies, which is a fatal condition. With this new three-dose vaccine, many more lives can be saved.
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ART AND CULTURE

PM to Launch 'Pradhanmantri Sanghralaya', Gifts of Nehru to be Showcased

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on April 14 will inaugurate the "Pradhanmantri Sanghralaya (museum)", which acknowledges the contributions of all previous Prime Ministers of the country while a redeveloped Block I will also exhibit a number of gifts received by first PM Jawaharlal Nehru, which have not yet been part of Nehru museum.
  • The inauguration of the museum will coincide with the birth anniversary of the architect of the Indian Constitution Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar.
  • The "Pradhanmantri Sanghralaya" is an endeavour by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to acknowledge the contributions of all his predecessors irrespective of ideology or tenure in office.
  • The logo of the building represents the hands of the people of India holding the "Ashoka Chakra", symbolizing the nation and democracy.

Annual 'Madhavpur Mela' in Gujarat

  • The fair is held in the coastal village of Madhavpur, around 60 km south of Porbandar, and celebrates the marriage of Hindu deity Lord Krishna with Rukmini.
  • President Ramnath Kovind, after inaugurating the annual Madhavpur Mela, said that the five-day cultural fair is a "festival of uniting people of the country through feelings". He also expressed hope that the annual cultural fair will have a special place in the traditions of India.
  • Madhavpur Mela begins on Ram Navami, the day marking the birth of Lord Rama as per the Hindu lunar calendar. Various rituals of the marriage go till Trayodashi, or the 13th day of the month of Chaitra in the Hidu calendar.
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BOOKS AND AUTHORS

'Not Just A Nightwatchman: My Innings with BCCI', Book by Former CAG Vinod Rai

  • Former Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) and chief of Supreme court-appointed Committee of Administrators (CoA) in 2017, Vinod Rai penned a book titled as, "Not Just A Nightwatchman: My Innings with BCCI" in which the former bureaucrat encapsulates his 33-month stint at the BCCI. In the book, Rai – whose stint of overseeing the administration of one of the richest sports bodies in the world ended in September 2019 – has made some major revelations.
  • Notwithstanding his ardent support for the game, Rai refused to be blind to the flaws in its governance. And so the nightwatchman decided to play on the front foot; a characteristic style that he carries forward as he describes his innings in Not Just a Nightwatchman.
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TOURISM AND HOTEL INDUSTRY AWARENESS

Kashmir Sees Record Tourist Arrivals this Year, Highest in a Decade

  • Kashmir, the Heaven on Earth received a record-breaking tourist footfall this year, the highest in a decade.
  • The major attraction for tourists is Asia's largest "tulip garden" which was opened for visitors on March 23. People are enjoying the beauty of 1.5 million multicoloured tulips under the foothills of the Zabarwan Mountains.
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