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General Awareness

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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

13 Feb 2022

DAILY G.K. TEST

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Anti-vaccine Convoy Protests Continue in Canada's Ottawa

  • Horn-blaring demonstrations demanding an end to Canadian Covid-19 vaccine mandates have caused gridlock in the capital Ottawa since late January. The protests by truckers and others are now spilling to key Canada-United States border crossings and disrupting trade.
  • The mayor of Windsor, Ontario, where protesters have closed the Ambassador Bridge border crossing to the United States, choking trade, said police were preparing to physically remove protesters if necessary.
  • The "Freedom Convoy" driving across Canada toward Ottawa in late January ostensibly opposed vaccinate-or-quarantine mandates for cross-border truckers. But most truckers do not support the convoy.
  • The Canadian Trucking Alliance, an industry group, said it opposes protests on public roadways and the vast majority of Canadian truckers are vaccinated.
  • The protests have broadened to oppose a range of provincial and federal Covid-19 measures.

Jaishankar Attends Quad Foreign Ministers' Meet in Australia

  • External Affairs Minister (EAM) S Jaishankar participated in the 4th Quad Foreign Ministers' meeting in Melbourne.
  • Australia hosted India, Japan and the United States for the fourth Quad Foreign Ministers' meeting and the top diplomats sought to bolster cooperation in areas including economy, security, coronavirus pandemic and free and open Indo-Pacific.
  • The Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad) is a partnership of four nations, each of whom shares a commitment to openness, transparency and challenges coming out of the current global order.
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

Adani Ports Forays into Bengal Maritime Sector, to Operate Berth at Haldia

  • The Kolkata port authorities officially handed over the letter of award to Gautam Adani controlled Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited (APSEZ) for mechanisation and upgradation of a berth in Haldia Dock Complex (HDC).
  • This marks the entry of the country's largest private port operator in West Bengal's maritime sector.
  • Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port (SMP), formerly the Kolkata Port Trust, said that the project envisages incorporating environment friendly, fully mechanised technology for handling dry bulk cargo.
  • Berth no. 2, where the company will work, will offer a capacity of 3.744 million metric tons per annum and the investment will be about Rs. 298.26 crore.

India 5th Largest Exporter of Millets

  • India is the fifth largest exporter of millets in the world, according to 2020 data, with exports continuously increasing at around 3 per cent CAGR in the last five years ending with 2020.
  • In 2020-21, India exported millets worth $26.97 million against $28.5 million in 2019-20. World export of millet increased from $380 million in 2019 to $402.7 million in 2020.
  • Globally, major exporters of millets are the USA, Russian Federation, Ukraine, India, China, Netherlands, France, Poland and Argentina. Together, their millets exports stood at $221.68 million in 2020. Global exports of millets in 2020 stood at $466.284 million.
  • The top three importers of millets from India in 2020-21 were Nepal ($6.09 million), UAE ($4.84 million), and Saudi Arabia ($3.84 million). The other seven destinations in the top-ten list of India's millet export are Libya, Tunisia, Morocco, the UK, Yemen, Oman and Algeria.

R. Gopalan to Replace Venu Srinivasan as Sundaram-Clayton Chairman in April

  • Sundaram-Clayton Ltd (SCL), a leading auto component manufacturing and distribution group and the holding company of TVS Motor Company, announced the elevation of R. Gopalan, Non-Executive Independent Director of the company, as Chairman of the Board effective April 2022.
  • The current chairman Venu Srinivasan will continue to be the Managing Director of the company post April, and will be designated as Chairman Emeritus. Gopalan has rich experience in the economic and financial administration of the country with long stints in the Ministry of Commerce and Finance, and the Manufacturing and Service Sectors.
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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Two Protoclusters of Galaxies Spotted in Early Universe

  • Each of the two newly-discovered protoclusters, MAGAZ3NE J095924+022537 and MAGAZ3NE J100028+023349, hosts an ultramassive galaxy — the progenitor of brightest cluster galaxies seen in modern-day massive galaxy clusters — in its center. Notably, and in marked contrast to previously discovered protoclusters, MAGAZ3NE J0959 contains a high fraction of quiescent galaxies.
  • Galaxy clusters grow over time under gravity and, in the present-day Universe, can contain hundreds or even thousands of galaxies, as well as hot gas and dark matter.
  • As time goes by, their galaxies burn through the fuel available and evolve from vigorously star-forming galaxies into red and dead galaxies.
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Setback for Congress as MP's Brother Joins SAD(B)

  • Politics makes strange bedfellows and this happened in the Punjab polity after the brother of a Congress Member of Parliament not only joined hands with Shiromani Akali Dal - Badal SAD(B) but also publicly announced to motivate the MP to join Akalis.
  • On Wednesday, Harpinder Singh Rajan Gill, a staunch Congress activist and brother of Congress MP from Khadoor Sahib Jasbir Singh Dimpa joined SAD(B) in presence of party president Sukhbir Singh Badal and Bikram Singh Majithia, an all-powerful former minister and brother in law of Sukhbir Singh Badal.
  • Rajan Gill was an aspirant of Congress party's ticket from Khadoor Sahib Assembly constituency but the party chose to nominate the sitting MLA Ramanjit Singh Sikki.

Manipur Assembly Polls Rescheduled

  • The Election Commission rescheduled the dates for the two-phase assembly polls in Manipur which will now be held on February 28 and March 5.
  • Earlier, the polls were to be held on February 27 and March 3.
  • EC said that the decision is based on inputs, representations, past precedent, logistics, ground situations and "all facts and circumstances in the matter".

RSS' Muslim Wing Backs Burqa-clad Girl

  • Muslim Rashtriya Manch (MRM), the RSS's Muslim wing, has backed the burqa-clad student who was heckled by youth shouting 'Jai Shri Ram' slogans at a Karnataka college, saying 'purdah' is part of Indian culture.
  • A video of the girl, Bibi Muskan Khan, confronting the youngsters wearing saffron scarves has gone viral on social media. The group had gathered outside the college demanding a ban on hijab and burqa in educational institutions.
  • Hijab is a type of 'purdah' which is a part of Indian culture and India society. Even Hindu women in our society, depending on the individual, wear 'purdah'. If Hindu women are free to choose their dress code, the same applies with Muslim.
  • The MRM was set up in 2002 by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) at the initiative of its then chief K.S. Sudarshan to allow the sangh parivar to reach out to the Muslim community on various issues including the vexed Ayodhya Ram Temple dispute.
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DAYS AND EVENTS

World Radio Day

  • World Radio Day is an international day celebrated on February 13 each year. The Day was decided by UNESCO on November 3, 2011, during its 36th conference.
  • Following a request from the Spanish Radio Academy on September 20, 2010, Spain proposed that the UNESCO Executive Board include an agenda item on the proclamation of a World Radio Day.
  • The first World Radio Day was celebrated in 2012.
  • "Yes to Radio, Yes to trust" was the theme of World Radio Day 2022.

Sarojini Naidu's Birth Anniversary

  • India celebrates Sarojini Naidu's birthday as National Women's Day every year on February 13. She was born on February 13, 1879. She was famous for her nickname 'Nightingale of India' or 'Bharat Kokila' because of her poems. She has written several poems on themes like romance, patriotism, and tragedy.
  • Sarojini Naidu is famous all over the world for her literary contribution. To honor the contributions of Sarojini Naidu, February 13 is observed as National Women's Day of India.
  • Sarojini Naidu was not only a freedom fighter, but she also became the first woman governor of the United Provinces, the present Uttar Pradesh. She was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1925 because of her political and educational abilities. In 1942, Gandhiji started Quit India Movement and British Government kept Sarojini Naidu in imprisonment for 21 months.
  • National Women's Day is observed to celebrate the social, cultural, political, and economic achievements of women.
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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION

MP Govt . Set to Open 10 New Medical Colleges in the State

  • The Madhya Pradesh government is all set to open 10 new medical colleges in the state. These new medical colleges will open to ensure an adequate number of doctors are available in the state.
  • The medical colleges will be opened through public-private partnership (PPP) PPP mode.
  • As per report, the state will also be receiving the five imported genome sequencing machines from the Centre, while the Madhya Pradesh government will purchase four such machines on its own.
  • The state government will soon start 'Mareej Mitra Yojana' in the state, under which interested persons can work in hospitals as volunteers to serve the needy patients and help them in all possible manners.
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