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Listening section follows Reading section. The students use headphones and can adjust volume by clicking on VOLUME button at the top of the computer screen. In this section the students cannot come back to the previous question once they have clicked on 'NEXT' to proceed to the next question and on 'OK' button to confirm the answer. So all the questions must be answered in order. The question(s) appear on the screen after the lecture or the conversation is over. The questions are also announced by the narrator, but the answer options are not. The students may take notes while they listen.

The listening section consists of six or more audio texts, of 2-5 minutes each-two to three conversations of 2-3 minutes each (involving two or more speakers) and four to six lectures (which may include classroom dialogue) of 3-5 minutes each. Each conversation will be followed by 5 questions and each lecture by 6 questions. The listening topics could be academic and formal or non-academic and informal, but in each case they reflect a college or university experience. There would be no particular order for the lectures and conversations. Some of the questions may have more than one point. The questions will measure your ability to understand the main idea as well as supporting details, apart from the speaker's attitude and/ or purpose. Even though the Listening Comprehension section has been adapted for the internet, the general skill being tested is listening. Following are certain types of questions asked in this section:
Identifying the main idea (lectures only). .. 3-4 Q
Identifying the main topic. .. 3-4 Q
Determining attitude and purpose. ..10-12 Q
Identifying facts (Detail). ..10-12 Q
Making inferences/implication. .. 5-10 Q
Categorizing/summarizing(lectures only). .. 2-3 Q
Idiom in context .. 1-2 Q
Strategies for doing your best in the Listening Section are:

The Caser Approach
This approach should be followed to score maximum in this section.

Concentrate your brain. Be ready to listen to the discussions and talks that you would expect to find in a university setting.

Think ahead. What kind of discussion/talk would you expect to hear from two or more people talking on a campus? When the title of the talk appears, what kind of words or ideas do you think might come up? Try to predict what will come next.

You were not allowed to write during the TOEFL CBT exam, but the new TOEFL iBT allows you to make notes and to summarize what you have already heard. Listen for pauses in the talks; this probably means that the speaker is moving on to a new thought. Keep a note of what the speaker has just finished saying. The TOEFL often asks you to do this when it gives you Main Topic, Main Idea, and Restatement questions. While taking notes make sure the notes are as brief as possible and the main topic or main idea is noted separately and not clubbed with major points or supporting detail.

What did you think of, what the speaker just said? Did you agree or disagree? Was the speaker convincing? What was the tone of the speaker's voice? What was his attitude? The TOEFL asks you to do this when it gives you Inference questions.

What ideas or facts do you remember from the talk? After all, that is why you listen in the first place, isn't it? The TOEFL asks you to do this when it gives you Fact, Purpose and Reference questions.

How to prepare for the Listening Section
The best way to improve your English is to listen to as much English as possible. Keep the following tips in mind:
  • Attend your Lectures in the school and university in English.
  • Watch English movies on channels like (H.B.O, Star Movies)
  • Listen to news programs and weather report on TV and radio.
  • Take all the listening practice tests.