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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

10 Jun 2023


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UK to Host First Global Summit on Artificial Intelligence Safety

  • Britain will host the world's first summit on artificial intelligence later this year (2023), in a bid to broker a common approach by countries to limit the technology's potential doomsday risks while harnessing its potential.
  • As per reports, the summit is expected to take place in the autumn and will gather like-minded countries to shape a regulatory response.

Trump Charged over Classified Documents in First Federal Indictment of an Ex-president (10)

  • Donald Trump has said that he was indicted on charges of mishandling classified documents at his Florida estate, igniting a federal prosecution that is arguably the most perilous of multiple legal threats against the former President as he seeks to reclaim the White House.
  • The Justice Department did not immediately publicly confirm the indictment. But as per reports, the indictment included seven criminal counts. Trump's lawyers were contacted by prosecutors shortly before he announced on his Truth Social platform that he had been indicted.
  • The indictment enmeshes the Justice Department in the most politically explosive prosecution in its long history.
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India's Highest Herbal Garden Set up in Phobrang Village of Leh

  • At an altitude of 15,000 feet above sea level, India's highest herbal garden has been set up in Phobrang village in Leh, Ladakh. Earlier, the herbal garden located at Badrinath, Uttarakhand held the record of being the highest herbal garden in India. The garden located in the middle of the barren mountains of the Leh region has become a site to visit.
  • The initiative of setting up the herbal garden in the region was taken by religious and spiritual leader, founder and chairman of "Go Green Go Organic" Kyabgon Chetsang Rinpoche. He runs the organisation mostly working on the environmental and biodiversity conservation of mass plantations in Ladakh and other Himalayan regions.
  • The garden is a collaboration between the 'Go green go Organic' and the local authorities of the region. The major support for the garden was given by the Councillor of the Chushul constituency, Konchok Stanzin, who is also the chairman of the High-Altitude Herbal Garden. The authorities believe that the herbal garden will help in the well-being of the environment, ecology, biodiversity and mankind.
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RBI Updates 'Alert List' of Entities Not Authorised to Deal in Forex Trading

  • The Reserve Bank updated its 'Alert List' for the public on unauthorised forex trading platforms by adding eight more entities taking the total to 56. In September 2022, the central bank had come out with an 'Alert List' of unauthorised forex trading platforms containing the names of 34 entities.
  • The list was updated in February 2023 also. Now there are 56 entries in the list.
  • The eight new entities added are: QFX Markets, WinTrade, Guru Trade7 Limited, Bric Trade, Rubik Trade, Dream Trade, Mini Trade, and Trust Trade.

LIC Raises Stake in Tech Mahindra

  • Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) increased its equity shareholding in IT services provider Tech Mahindra through a series of open market transactions over a period of more than six months. LIC's stake in Tech Mahindra rose from 6.869 per cent to 8.884 per cent, with an increase of 2.015 per cent during the period from November 21, 2022, to June 6, 2023. This move demonstrates LIC's confidence in Tech Mahindra's prospects and highlights the growing importance of the IT sector in India's financial landscape.
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Chandrayaan-3 Intended to be Launched Between July 12-19

  • India's third Lunar Mission Chandrayaan-3 will have an orbiter (designated as Propulsion Module), but this orbiter won't carry scientific payloads, as was done during Chandrayaan-2. This means that the orbiter weighs lesser than that of its predecessor. However, the payload mass reduced from the orbiter has been added to the Chandrayaan-3 Lunar lander. The Indian Lunar spacecraft comprises three parts - Orbiter, Lander, and Rover.
  • Addressing media on the sidelines of ISRO's maiden International Conference on Spacecraft Mission Operations, the Chief of the Indian Space Agency said that Chandrayaan-3 is to be launched in the 1-week window that begins on July 12th, if all were to go as per plan.
  • Deep space missions are launched within a specific window (period of time), keeping in mind various factors including the dynamic position of the destination (with respect to Earth), the time taken to travel to the destination, the steps involved, the rocket being used, the purpose of the mission, the movement and impact of other heavenly bodies, etc.
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Unseeded Muchova Blooms

  • Karolina Muchova defied all odds by saving a match point before battling past second seed Aryna Sabalenka and reached the French Open final.
  • The unseeded Muchova will meet defending champion Iga Swiatek, who reached the final for the third time in four years with a 6-2 7-6 (9-7) win over Brazil's Beatriz Haddad Maia.
  • Sabalenka, the Australian Open champion, would have taken over top spot in the rankings by winning the title in Paris.

Anurag Thakur Sends off Indian Contingent of 198 Athletes to Special Olympics World Summer Games 2023

  • Special Olympics Bharat organised a torch run and a national send-off ceremony at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi, for the Indian contingent for the Special Olympics World Summer Games 2023 Berlin, Germany which will take place between June 17, 2023 and June 25, 2023.
  • India sent a contingent comprising 198 Athletes and Unified partners and 57 Coaches to participate across 16 sports at the prestigious event.
  • The ceremony was graced by Union Minister Anurag Thakur, Department of Youth Affairs and Sports and Department of Information and Broadcasting as the chief guest for the torch run, Union Minister Smriti Irani, Department of Women and Child Development and Department of Minority Affairs as the chief guest for the send-off ceremony, among other distinguished guests.
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India and US to Establish Monitoring Group to Boost High-Tech Trade and Tech Partnership

  • India and the US decided to set up a regular monitoring group which will review progress in deepening cooperation in the bilateral high-tech trade and technology partnership between the two nations.
  • This was decided during the inaugural meeting of India-US Strategic Trade Dialogue (IUSSTD), which was held in Washington D.C.
  • The Indian delegation was led by Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra, while the US delegation was co-led by Alan Estevez, the Under Secretary for Industry and Security, and Victoria Nuland, the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.
  • The dialogue was a key mechanism to take forward the strategic technology and trade collaborations envisaged under the India-US initiative on Critical and Emerging Technologies (iCET).
  • IUSSTD focussed on ways in which both governments can facilitate the development and trade of technologies in critical domains such as semiconductors, space, telecom, quantum, Artificial Intelligence, defence, bio-tech and others.
  • Both sides reviewed the relevant bilateral export control regulations with the objective of building and diversifying resilient supply chains for these strategic technologies.

Haryana CM Manohar Lal Launches Integrated Water Resources Action Plan-2023-25

  • Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal launched integrated Water Resources Action Plan-2023-25 under Amrit Jal Kranti at Chandigarh, a bold step towards conserving water resources.
  • As per report, on the initiative of the Chief Minister, a two-day water conservation seminar was organised in Panchkula on April 26-27, 2023 under Amrit Jal Kranti, in which many departments of Haryana, including experts from India and abroad doing research on water conservation participated.
  • He said that based on the various suggestions received in the seminar, an action plan was prepared by all the departments for water conservation.
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Germany Prepares to Host "Air Defender 2023" NATO's Biggest Ever Air Exercise

  • Germany is preparing to host the biggest air deployment exercise in NATO's history, a show of force intended to impress allies and potential adversaries such as Russia. The Air Defender 23 exercise to be held from June 12-24, 2023 will see 10,000 participants and 250 aircraft from 25 nations respond to a simulated attack on a NATO member country. The United States alone is sending 2,000 U.S. Air National Guard personnel and about 100 aircraft to take part in the training maneuvers.
  • Germany's military has warned the huge air force drill will have an impact on people using civil airlines in Europe. While the exercise was planned for several years, Russia's invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 has jolted NATO into preparing in earnest for the possibility of an attack on its territory. Sweden, which is hoping to join the alliance, and Japan are also taking part in the exercise.
  • The exercise will be held across Germany, with some of the training taking place at Ramstein Air Base, which is one of NATO's largest air bases. The exercise will focus on a variety of air defense and air interoperability topics, including: Airspace surveillance and control, Air interdiction, Air combat maneuvering, Air refuelling, Command and control, and Logistics.
  • Air Defender 2023 is a significant event, and it is a sign of NATO's commitment to the defense of its members. The exercise will help to ensure that NATO is ready to meet any challenge to its security.
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Balaram Pani and Ashutosh Mishra, Awarded Prestigious Soul Of India Award

  • In a momentous celebration of their exceptional contributions to nation-building, Prof. Balaram Pani, Dean of Colleges at the University of Delhi, and Ashutosh Mishra, Professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, were honoured with the esteemed Soul of India Award 2023.
  • The award ceremony took place at the House of Lords, Parliament of the United Kingdom, in London, where Lord Rami Ranger CBE, a Member of Parliament in the House of Lords, presented the awards. Reportedly the Minister of Law and Justice of India, Arjun Ram Meghwal also took part in the event.
  • The Soul of India Award is a prestigious accolade that recognizes individuals who have demonstrated unwavering dedication and outstanding achievements in their respective fields, embodying the essence of India's spirit. Prof. Balaram Pani and Ashutosh Mishra have both exemplified excellence in their endeavours, leaving an indelible impact on the academic and intellectual landscape of India.
  • This prestigious event at the House of Lords not only honoured the awardees but also fostered collaboration and cultural exchange between India and the United Kingdom, strengthening ties in the fields of education and research.
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Mumbai University, SPPU Get New Vice Chancellors

  • Ravindra Kulkarni was appointed as Vice Chancellor of Mumbai University (MU), while Dr. Suresh Gosavi is the new VC of Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU), Maharashtra Governor Ramesh Bais's office said.
  • Governor is the chancellor of public universities in the state.
  • The Governor informed that Dr. Sanjay Bhave was appointed as the new VC of Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli.
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'Estrela de Fura': World's Largest Ruby Sells for Record $34.8 Million

  • 'Estrela de FURA' a 55.22-carat, the largest and most valuable ruby to ever appear at auction, was sold for a whopping $34.8 million, setting a new record at Sotheby's New York. 'Estrela de Fura' means Star of Fura in Portuguese.
  • The incredible gemstone was offered at a starting price of $21 million, and it was sold for $30 million plus fees and commissions to an anonymous telephone buyer.
  • The stunning gemstone was cut from a 101-carat rough stone discovered in July 2022 at the Montepeuz ruby mine in Mozambique, which is operated by the Fura Gems company.
  • The Estrela de FURA was unveiled in Dubai in September 2022 and grabbed worldwide attention as the largest gem-quality ruby ever discovered.
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Allahabad High Court: Ordering Recount of Votes without Concrete Evidence Not Correct

  • The Allahabad High Court said that it is not correct to order recount of votes on the basis of assumption without concrete evidence when the village head is declared victorious by one vote.
  • A Single Bench of Justice Saurabh Shyam Shamshery heard a petition filed by Khursheed Ahmad.
  • The case arose out of an election dispute with regard to an election for the post of Pradhan of Gram Panchayat Jogiyabeer, Kshetra Panchayat Azmatgarh, Tehsil Sagri, District Azamgarh conducted on 19.04.2021.
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