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General Awareness

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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

21 Sep 2021

DAILY G.K. TEST

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INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Taliban: No Country Should Ask Us to Form Inclusive Government

  • Days after Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan's comments over the government formed in Afghanistan, the Taliban expressed that countries have no right to ask the Islamic Emirate to establish an inclusive government in Afghanistan.
  • The remarks came from Taliban spokesperson and Deputy Information Minister Zabihullah Mujahid after Pakistan and several other countries reiterated the Taliban to form an inclusive government in Afghanistan.

World's Oldest Certified Living Identical Twins

  • Two Japanese sisters have been certified by Guinness World Records as the world's oldest living identical twins, aged 107 years and 330 days. The announcement coincided with Respect for the Aged Day, a national holiday in Japan.
  • Sisters Umeno Sumiyama and Koume Kodama were born on Shodoshima Island in western Japan on November 5, 1913.
  • The sisters as of September 1 broke the previous record of 107 years and 175 days set by famous Japanese twin sisters Kin Narita and Gin Kanie.

Iran Becomes 9th Member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation

  • Iran was officially admitted as a full member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). The decision to admit Iran as a full member was declared in the 21st summit of the SCO leaders in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. At the end of the 21st Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the leaders of the eight main members of the organisation agreed to change the membership of the Islamic Republic of Iran from an observer member to a full member and signed the relevant documents.
  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance. It is the world's largest regional organisation in geographic scope and population.
  • The SCO is the successor to the Shanghai Five, a mutual security agreement formed in 1996 between China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. On 15 June 2001, the leaders of these nations and Uzbekistan met in Shanghai to announce a new organisation with deeper political and economic cooperation; the SCO established the following year with the signing of its charter, which entered into force on 19 September 2003. Its membership has since expanded to eight states, with India and Pakistan joining on 9 June 2017.
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BUSINESS AND ECONOMY

CCI Approves Adani Ports and SEZ's 10% Stake-buy in Gangavaram Port

  • Fair trade regulator CCI approved acquisition of over 10 per cent stake in Gangavaram Port Ltd by Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd.
  • The 10.4 per cent equity shareholding would be acquired from the government of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone is present across 11 domestic ports in six maritime states -- Gujarat, Goa, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Odisha.
  • Gangavaram Port is engaged to own, develop and operate the deep-water port at Gangavaram, Andhra Pradesh, pursuant to a concession agreement on build-own-operate-transfer basis with the state government.

Rajiv Aggarwal is Director of Public Policy in India for Facebook

  • Facebook India appointed former IAS officer Rajiv Aggarwal as the director of public policy to define and lead policy development initiatives for Facebook in India.
  • His role focuses on user safety, data protection and privacy, inclusion and internet governance. Aggarwal will report to Ajit Mohan, vice president and managing director, Facebook India, and will be a part of the India leadership team.
  • He joins Facebook from Uber, where he was the head of public policy for India and South Asia.

India Ranks 46th in Global Innovation Index 2021

  • India has climbed two spots to 46 in the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021 prepared by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).
  • The country's rank has been consistently rising in the last few years. From 81 in 2015, it has moved to 46 in 2021.
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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

China Launches Supplies for Under-construction Space Station

  • China launched a second unmanned cargo spacecraft, which will join the core module of the country's under-construction space station carrying supplies for future missions.
  • The robotic Tianzhou-3 cargo spacecraft was launched on a Long March 7 carrier rocket from the Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site in south China's Hainan province.
  • The Tianzhou-3 is carrying supplies including water and propellant to sustain missions in the future and will dock with China's Tianhe space station, which is expected to become operational in 2022. The Tianzhou-3 mission is the fourth of 11 missions designed to build China's space station, Tiangong or "Heavenly Palace".
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SPORTS

After NZ, England too Calls Off Tour of Pakistan

  • England called off next month's men's and women's tours of Pakistan, three days after New Zealand abandoned their white-ball series in the South Asian country over security concerns.
  • The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) arrived at the decision to withdraw after deliberating over the weekend, pulling out of what would have been the country's first tour of Pakistan since 2005.

Kohli to Step Down as Royal Challengers Bangalore Captain after IPL 2021

  • Virat Kohli announced that he would step down from Royal Challengers Bangalore captaincy after the 14th edition of the Indian Premier League (IPL 2021). Earlier, Kohli had announced that he would relinquish the captaincy of the Indian cricket team for T20 Internationals after the ICC T20 World Cup 2021.
  • Kohli of late hasn't been at his peak as a batsman in Tests, a format which he adores.
  • For close to two years now, Kohli hasn't scored a long-form century and made 563 runs at 26.80 in 12 Tests during this period.
  • While announcing his decision to quit national T20 captaincy, he had stated that he was taking the step to manage his workload better.
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Sukanta Majumdar Replaces Dilip Ghosh as West Bengal BJP Chief

  • The BJP replaced its West Bengal unit president Dilip Ghosh with Sukanta Majumdar, Lok Sabha MP from Balurghat in the state.
  • The party also appointed former Uttarakhand governor Baby Rani Maurya as its vice president.
  • Maurya is a Dalit leader and is expected to play a role in the assembly polls in Uttar Pradesh, her native state.

'Katley' is State Fish of Sikkim

  • The Government of Sikkim has declared 'Copper Mahseer' locally named as 'Katley' as the state fish. Neolissochilus hexagonolepis is the scientific name of Copper Mahseer. The decision has been taken to highlight the importance of the Katley fish and to give emphasis to its conservation measures. The fish has high market value and is highly preferred by the public in the State.
  • The Sikkim government has also declared the reservoirs of the State to be open for fishing activities. License shall be issued by the Directorate of Fisheries to the interested individual fishermen or fishermen co-operative societies or SHGs for fishing in the reservoirs in accordance with the existing provisions under the Sikkim Fisheries Rules, 1990. The reservoirs are in Chungthang in North Sikkim, Legshep in West Sikkim along with Dikchu and Rorathang in East Sikkim.

Jagan Mohan Reddy-led YSR Congress Party Registers Landslide Victory in Local Body Polls

  • The ruling YSR Congress Party in Andhra Pradesh secured a victory in elections held to Zilla Parishads Territorial Constituencies (ZPTCs) Zilla Parishad and Mandal Parishads Territorial Constituencies (MPTCs).
  • Yuvajan Sramika Rythu (YSR) Congress Party, led by Chief Minister Jagan Mohan Reddy, secured 502 ZPTCs out of 515 seats. The YSRCP also won a huge number of constituencies at the MPTC level by registering victory in 5,998 constituencies out of 10047.
  • The main opposition party Telugu Desam Party (TDP), led by former chief minister N Chandrababu Naidu, could win only 826 Mandal constituencies, while the party could only win six Zilla Parishad constituencies.
  • The YSRCP has a brute majority in Parliament, State and now local bodies seats.
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DEFENCE

India, Indonesia Begin Three-day Naval Exercise in Sunda Strait

  • India and Indonesia held a three-day mega naval war game in the Sunda Strait, in reflection of their growing maritime cooperation.
  • The Indian Navy deployed its two frontline warships Shivalik and Kadmatt for the third edition of the exercise 'Samudra Shakti'.
  • The Sunda Strait lies between the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra.
  • The exercise aimed to strengthen the bilateral relationship, enhance mutual understanding and interoperability in maritime operations between the two navies.
  • In pursuance of India's Act East Policy, exercise 'Samudra Shakti' was conceived in 2018 as a bilateral exercise.

Kerala Police Top List in Tracking Offenders Using Fingerprint Analysis

  • According to the 2020 report of the Central Finger Prints Bureau (CFPB), Kerala police ranked first in the country in tracking offenders through the use of fingerprints. Last year Kerala was ranked second after Andhra Pradesh.
  • According to the CFPB report, the Kerala fingerprint bureau cracked 675 criminal cases followed by Karnataka with 517 and Andhra Pradesh came third with 412 cases. The report carried a special mention about the work carried out by the state fingerprint bureau and police in cracking the sensational snakebite murder in Kollam in south Kerala last year.
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PERSONS IN NEWS

Narendra Giri, Head of One of India's Largest Body of Saints, Found Dead

  • Mahant Narendra Giri, the president of Akhil Bharatiya Akhada Parishad, was found dead at Baghambari Muth.
  • The Parishad is the largest organisation of sadhus in India.
  • Mahant Giri's body was found hanging from the ceiling.
  • A purported suicide note was also found at the site in which the seer had written that he was mentally disturbed and was ending his life. He had also delegated various responsibilities to his disciples in the note.
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DAYS AND EVENTS

International Day of Peace

  • September 21 is commemorated as the International Day of Peace world over. The United Nations describes this day devoted to strengthening the ideals of peace, through observing 24 hours of non-violence and cease-fire. Around the world some countries continue to share borders that have had a violent and bloody past and some still continue to maintain peace through all the political tensions.
  • The UN General Assembly established the International Day of Peace in 1981. Twenty years after the day was established, the UN General Assembly unanimously voted to designate the day as a period where countries practiced non-violence and cease-fire.
  • The theme for International Day of Peace 2021 is "Recovering Better for an Equitable and Sustainable World."

World Alzheimer's Day

  • On September 21, the world acknowledges World Alzheimer's Day with the goal of raising awareness of the disease, common symptoms, and risk factors.
  • This day raises awareness of the cause and severity of Alzheimer's disease, and it is observed throughout the month in certain countries. Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative brain condition that gradually deteriorates memory and cognitive abilities, among other things.
  • In 1984, Alzheimer Disease International was formed, and on their tenth anniversary in 1994, they announced the inaugural of World Alzheimer's Day, to be marked on September 21, while World Alzheimer's Month was started in 2012.
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AWARDS AND HONOURS

Ghanaians Celebrate Michaela Coel's Historic Emmy Win

  • Michaela Coel created history at Emmys 2021 as she won an award for best writing for the limited series 'I May Destroy You', becoming the first Black woman to win it.
  • Apart from writing, the British actor created, co-directed, produced and starred in the show as well. 'I May Destroy You' follows the journey of personal identity, while addressing issues like consent and sexual assault. The main character is loosely based on Coel's life, who is a rape victim herself.
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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION

IISc Bangalore Student Invents Active Heart Preservation Container

  • The national winners for the James Dyson Awards 2021 were announced. The invention of LifeBox by Deval Karia from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore was adjudicated as the national winner for this year's edition.
  • The project LifeBox was developed with a vision to explore drones as a transport channel for organs. The inability to move hearts from donor to recipient quickly is a challenge that patients face in India. LifeBox tackles this problem with a system that extends the preservation time of the heart to allow for increased travel time and distances.
  • From a competitive pool of 77 entries evaluated by the jury led by Srijan Pal Singh, the CEO and Co-Founder of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Centre; LifeBox narrowly edged out the two runner-ups.
  • Safaa, an invention by Ananaya Singh and Vacha Patel, from the National Institute Of Design, Haryana; and Diariase; invented by Nikhil Das from the National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad to emerge as the national runner-ups from India.
  • The James Dyson Award runs in 28 countries and regions worldwide. Each national winner receives Rs. 1.90 lakh cash prize. Whereas the International winner receives a prize of Rs. 29 lakh plus Rs. 4,80,000 for the winner's university. The sustainability winner receives a prize of Rs. 29 lakh and two International runners-up receive Rs. 4.80 lakh.
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