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Daily G.K. - Top Stories

06 Jul 2020

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Rapper Kayne West to Run for US President

  • International Rapper and Hip Hop artist, Kayne West announced that he will be running for the post of President of the United States .
  • The US Presidential Elections are scheduled for November 2020. Though both the main parties -the Republic and Democrats have announced their official candidates, nominations are still open in many states. So, yes Kayne West can run for US Presidential Race.
  • However, a long hurdled path awaits West, as he will have to start his Presidential campaign from scratch now for an election that is scheduled in November, which is very less time. Trump who is seeking re-election, and unopposed Democrat candidate Joe Biden have already started work on their respective Presidential campaigns.
  • Kayne West will also need to qualify for ballot access across 50 states and the District of Columbia, as well as build a new political organization from scratch without the support of any party. There is no clarity yet whether West seriously plans to run for Presidency this year or if he has done any official paperwork for his election bid.

Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike Wins Another Term

  • Tokyo Gov Yuriko Koike won a second term to head the Japanese capital, propelled to an election victory by public support for her handling of the coronavirus crisis despite a recent rise in infections that has raised concerns of a resurgence of the disease.
  • In her victory speech, Koike, the first woman to lead Tokyo, pledged to continue to take measures to protect the city's 14 million people amid the pandemic, calling it her most pressing task.
  • As per Japanese public broadcaster NHK exit polls showed that 74% of respondents supported Koike, with 63% saying they approved of her handling of the coronavirus crisis.
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SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Reliance Takes on Zoom, Launches App

  • After raising billions of dollars from the likes of Facebook and Intel for its digital business, billionaire Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Industries has launched JioMeet video-conferencing app with unlimited free calling that is being seen as rate war on rival Zoom.
  • The app is available on Android, iOS, Windows, macOS and web. According to the company website, JioMeet supports HD audio and video call quality with up to 100 participants and offers features like screen sharing, meeting schedule feature and more.
  • But unlike Zoom, it does not impose a 40-minute time limit. Calls can go on as long as 24 hours.
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SPORTS

World Zoonoses Day

  • Zoonoses Day which is observed on July 6 every year to commemorate the scientific achievement of administering first vaccination against a zoonotic disease. Zoonoses are infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites that spread between animals and humans.
  • It was on July 6, 1885, when Louis Pasteur successfully administered the first vaccine against Rabies virus, a zoonotic disease. Approximately 150 zoonotic diseases are known to exist. Zoonoses can spread from direct contact with animals or indirectly, vector-borne or food-borne.
  • Some of the most common zoonotic diseases are: Plague, Tuberculosis, Cat Scratch Fever, Tick Paralysis Hantavirus, Ringworm, Salmonellosis and many more.
  • Louis Pasteur was a French biologist, microbiologist and chemist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation and pasteurization. He is remembered for his remarkable breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of diseases, and his discoveries have saved many lives ever since. He reduced mortality from puerperal fever, and created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax.
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NATIONAL AFFAIRS

Websites with SFJ Links Banned

  • As per reports, the Centre blocked 40 websites linked to the banned Sikhs For Justice (SFJ) group which were being used to propagate anti-India sentiment across the world and for trying to recruit young Sikhs to join militant ranks.
  • The ministry of electronics and information technology took down the websites on a recommendation from the Ministry of Home Affairs after it was found that SFJ, primarily operating from the United States, was aggressively using them to push its anti-India agenda.
  • SFJ was banned by the government in July 2019 while its leader, Gurpatwant Singh Pannun, was declared an "individual terrorist" under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. Both MHA and the IT ministry refused to disclose details of websites that have been blocked. One of the key websites associated widely with the group — www.referendum2020.org — through which it sought support from Sikh youth for the formation of a separate Khalistan state, could not be accessed as it has been blocked by the Department of Telecommunications.
  • SFJ is in close touch with the militant outfits and activists, and is supporting violent form of extremism and militancy in Punjab and elsewhere to carve out a sovereign Khalistan out of territory of Union of India; SFJ is encouraging and aiding the activities for secession of a part of the Indian territory from the Union of India and supporting separatist groups fighting for this purpose in India and elsewhere by indulging in activities and articulations intended to disrupt the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India.

India and Afghanistan Ink 5 Agreements

  • India and Afghanistan signed five agreements for developing educational infrastructure in four Afghan provinces, with the move seen as a reiteration of New Delhi's support to Kabul at a time when the war-torn country's peace process is confronting challenges.
  • The five memorandums of understanding were signed under the high impact community development projects programme being implemented by India to further strengthen the bilateral development partnership.
  • Since 2001, India has undertaken projects worth $3 billion in Afghanistan, including $1 billion pledged in 2016 under the "new development partnership" scheme over a period of five years. These projects are part of India's commitment to assisting Afghanistan emerge as a peaceful, united, prosperous and pluralistic nation.
  • The projects to be taken up under the five MoUs include the construction of classrooms, a higher education building and a road within the campus of Albironi University. The projects are spread across the four provinces of Nooristan, Badakhshan, Farah and Kapisa.
  • Since 2005, the Indian government has committed $200 million to support more than 550 high impact community development projects across Afghanistan.
  • The ceremony in Kabul for the signing of the MoUs was presided over by the Afghan Minister of Economy, Mustafa Mastoor. Tripartite agreements were signed between the Indian government, the Afghan Ministry of Economy and the implementing ministries, such as the Ministry of Education.
  • Two MoUs were signed by Indian ambassador Vinay Kumar and ministers Mustafa Mastoor and Abdul Tawab Balakarzai, while three were signed by Kumar and ministers Mastoor and Rangina Hamidi.
  • The government of India remains committed to take forward the India-Afghanistan Development Partnership based on the national priorities of the government and people.
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DEFENCE

India Eyes US Predator-B Drones for Surveillance

  • In the wake of multiple prolonged standoffs with the Chinese army in eastern Ladakh, India has conveyed to the US its renewed interest in the medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) armed Predator-B drone, which not only collects intelligence through surveillance and reconnaissance but also locates and destroys the target with missiles or laser-guided bombs.
  • While India is operating Israeli Heron unarmed drones in eastern Ladakh, the acquisition of an armed drone has acquired urgency, with China not only using Wing Loong II armed drone but also in the process of supplying two systems to Pakistan, ostensibly to protect the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and the PLA Navy's new base at Gwadar in Balochistan province.
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PERSONS IN NEWS

Earl Cameron: British Film and TV Star Dies

  • Earl Cameron, one of the first black actors to forge a successful career in British film and television, died aged 102.
  • Cameron first appeared on screen in the 1951 film Pool of London, in a rare starring role for a black actor.
  • Cameron was an inspirational man who stood by his moral principles.
  • Cameron was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2009 New Year Honours.
  • His other screen credits include 1965 Bond movie Thunderball and Doctor Who.
  • As an artist and actor he refused to accept roles that demeaned or stereotyped the character of people of colour.
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GENDER/ HEALTH/ EDUCATION

IIIT-Bangalore Hosts its First Ever E-convocation, Awards Degree

  • The International Institute of Information Technology Bangalore (IIIT-B) held its 20th convocation online amidst the current situation brought by the coronavirus pandemic. The institute awarded degrees to 282 graduating students. This consisted of 7 PhD degrees, 13 Master of Science by Research degrees, 159 M.Tech degrees, 11 M.Sc. degrees, 63 dual degrees, and 29 students with sponsored M.Tech degrees, on the special occasion.
  • Addressing the e-convocation, Director, IIIT Bangalore said that the annual convocation holds a special place in the hearts of the graduating students and the faculty members of the Institute. This has been a very challenging, yet special year for us as we have had to find innovative ways to complete our curriculum, and ensure the safety of our students, staff and faculty.
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